Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


The future of healthcare service in orthopedic practice: Telemedicine or in-person visits?

Ben-Ari, Erel; Kirshenbaum, Joshua; Patel, Ruby G; Kwon, Young W; Rokito, Andrew S; Zuckerman, Joseph D; Virk, Mandeep S
BACKGROUND:The objective of this study is to assess patient satisfaction and preference for telemedicine- versus in-person visits for outpatient shoulder and elbow musculoskeletal consultation during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the future. METHODS:Patients who had telemedicine visits for shoulder and elbow musculoskeletal complaints at a single institution from March through June, 2020, were invited to respond to a post-visit survey. The survey included a standardized questionnaire that focused on the patient's satisfaction with the telemedicine visit(s) during the pandemic and preference for using the telemedicine platform in the future following the pandemic. Additional details regarding their virtual visits (severity of their medical condition, previous virtual- or ER visits) were also obtained. Data regarding patient demographics and visit details (primary diagnosis, type of visit, length of visit, treating physician) were extracted from electronic medical records. RESULTS:In total, 153 patients participated in the study. Overall, high satisfaction scores regarding the telemedicine visit were noted: 91% of patients reported that their concerns were adequately addressed, 89% would recommend telemedicine to a friend and 94% stated that they would use this platform again in the presence of a situation like the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the majority of patients (76%) reported a preference for in-person visits for the same musculoskeletal complaint if it were not for COVID-19. A telemedicine visit duration of more than 10 minutes and a first-time telemedicine visit correlated with higher satisfaction rates (P=0.037 and P=0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS:COVID-19 has provided a boost to the use of our telemedicine platform, with a high satisfaction rate among patients with shoulder and elbow musculoskeletal complaints, largely due to safety reasons and limited access to in-person doctor visits. However, a considerable number of patients would have preferred in-person visits for similar health complaints if there were no pandemic. Further research on optimizing the selection of patients for telemedicine visits and addressing their expectations and concerns regarding their visits will improve patients' preference for future telemedicine visits.
PMID: 34089879
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4899382

Patient and Physician Satisfaction with Telehealth During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Sports Medicine Perspective

Kirby, David J; Fried, Jordan W; Buchalter, Daniel B; Moses, Michael J; Hurly, Eoghan T; Cardone, Dennis A; Yang, S Steven; Virk, Mandeep S; Rokito, Andrew S; Jazrawi, Laith M; Campbell, Kirk A
PMID: 33512302
ISSN: 1556-3669
CID: 4767672

Locked Anterior-Inferior Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocation: A Case Report

Ben-Ari, Erel; Magone, Kevin M; Lowe, Dylan T; Costas, Bizekis; Rokito, Andrew S; Virk, Mandeep S
CASE:We report a rare variant of sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocation, namely locked anterior-inferior dislocation, with unique clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative findings. In this variant, the medial clavicle was displaced anteriorly and inferiorly and locked in the manubrial-intercostal space, with corresponding mechanical dysfunction of the ipsilateral shoulder girdle joints. Symptoms unique to this variant included painful neck spasms and limited glenohumeral elevation. Nonsurgical treatment was not successful, and open reduction and ligament reconstruction resulted in correction of the fixed deformity with resolution of the clinical symptoms. CONCLUSION:Locked anterior-inferior SCJ dislocation is indicated for early open reduction and ligament reconstruction.
PMID: 33886520
ISSN: 2160-3251
CID: 4847342

Correlation of Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) with American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon (ASES), and Constant (CS) scores in Idiopathic Adhesive Capsulitis

Kolade, Oluwadamilola; Ghosh, Niloy; Luthringer, Tyler A; Rosenthal, Yoav; Kwon, Young W; Rokito, Andrew S; Zuckerman, Joseph D; Virk, Mandeep S
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To correlate the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity (PROMIS UE) score with preexisting validated outcomes scores, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score (ASES), and Constant score (CS) in patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis (AC). METHODS:Patients with a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic AC ("freezing" or "frozen" phases) who agreed to complete the ASES, CS, and PROMIS UE scores during their office visit were included in this study. Trained researchers performed the objective clinical assessments on the included patients. Responses to the 3 outcomes scores were statistically analyzed and compared utilizing Pearson correlation coefficients. Floor and ceiling effects were calculated. RESULTS:The final cohort included 100 patients with AC of which there were 72% female and 87% right hand dominant, with a mean age of 55 years. The PROMIS UE required fewer question responses (5.02 ±1.84) compared to the fixed questions burden with ASES (12) and CS (9). The mean outcome scores were 34.6 ± 2.5 (PROMIS UE), 55 ± 22 (ASES), and 51 ± 16 (CS). The PROMIS UE displayed excellent correlation with both the ASES (r = 0.80, 95% [CI: 0.72, 0.86], p < 0.001) and CS (r = 0.76, 95% CI [0.67, 0.83], p < 0.001). Neither ceiling nor floor effects were present. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The PROMIS UE displayed comparable efficacy to commonly used legacy outcome scores (ASES and CS) in adhesive capsulitis. A lower question burden with the PROMIS UE carries a potential for wider acceptibility with the researchers and patients with shoulder pathology.
PMID: 32650070
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4527482

Management of irreparable massive rotator cuff tears: a systematic review and meta-analysis of patient-reported outcomes, reoperation rates, and treatment response

Kovacevic, David; Suriani, Robert J; Grawe, Brian M; Yian, Edward H; Gilotra, Mohit N; Hasan, S Ashfaq; Srikumaran, Umasuthan; Hasan, Samer S; Cuomo, Frances; Burks, Robert T; Green, Andrew G; Nottage, Wesley M; Theja, Sai; Kassam, Hafiz F; Saad, Maarouf A; Ramirez, Miguel A; Stanley, Rodney J; Williams, Matthew D; Nadarajah, Vidushan; Konja, Alexis C; Koh, Jason L; Rokito, Andrew S; Jobin, Charles M; Levine, William N; Schmidt, Christopher C
BACKGROUND:There is no consensus on the treatment of irreparable massive rotator cuff tears. The goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to (1) compare patient-reported outcome scores, (2) define failure and reoperation rates, and (3) quantify the magnitude of patient response across treatment strategies. METHODS:The MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), and Scopus databases were searched for studies including physical therapy and operative treatment of massive rotator cuff tears. The criteria of the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies were used to assess study quality. Primary outcome measures were patient-reported outcome scores as well as failure, complication, and reoperation rates. To quantify patient response to treatment, we compared changes in the Constant-Murley score and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score with previously reported minimal clinically important difference (MCID) thresholds. RESULTS:No level I or II studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were found. Physical therapy was associated with a 30% failure rate among the included patients, and another 30% went on to undergo surgery. Partial repair was associated with a 45% retear rate and 10% reoperation rate. Only graft interposition was associated with a weighted average change that exceeded the MCID for both the Constant-Murley score and ASES score. Latissimus tendon transfer techniques using humeral bone tunnel fixation were associated with a 77% failure rate. Superior capsular reconstruction with fascia lata autograft was associated with a weighted average change that exceeded the MCID for the ASES score. Reverse arthroplasty was associated with a 10% prosthesis failure rate and 8% reoperation rate. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:There is a lack of high-quality comparative studies to guide treatment recommendations. Compared with surgery, physical therapy is associated with less improvement in perceived functional outcomes and a higher clinical failure rate.
PMID: 32763381
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4683752

A Focused Gap Year Program in Orthopaedic Research: An 18-Year Experience

Egol, Kenneth A; Shields, Charlotte N; Errico, Thomas; Iorio, Richard; Jazrawi, Laith; Strauss, Eric; Rokito, Andrew; Zuckerman, Joseph D
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Students seek gap years to enhance knowledge and improve chances of professional success. Although many institutions offer research opportunities, no studies have examined outcomes after these experiences. This study evaluates a dedicated year of orthopaedic research on a cohort's ultimate orthopaedic surgery match rate. METHODS:From 2001 to 2018, 129 learners spent a year with our Department of Orthopedic Surgery at a major academic medical center. The students were either completing a gap year after college, during or after medical school, or after an unsuccessful match. Participants were asked to respond to a survey, which included demographics, educational information, and metrics related to the program. For the subcohort of students who ranked orthopaedic surgery, the match rate was compared with the mean for the US orthopaedic surgery match rates from 2006 to 2018 using a chi-square analysis. In addition, a Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the number of publications before and after the year. RESULTS:One hundred three students (80%) returned completed questionnaires. Of all learners who applied to and ranked orthopaedic surgery, 91% matched into an orthopaedic surgery residency program. These results compared favorably with the US orthopaedic match from 2006 to 2018 (67.9%; P < 0.001), despite a 4-point lower United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 score for the research cohort. Finally, the research cohort had a greater percentage of women (23%) and minorities (40%) than the proportion of woman and minority practicing orthopaedic surgeons. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Students who completed a gap year in research matched into orthopaedics at a higher rate than the national average, despite a lower Step score. Mentors may also target traditionally underrepresented groups to help increase the pool of diverse applicants.
PMID: 32692099
ISSN: 1940-5480
CID: 4532142

Young age, female gender, Caucasian race, and workers' compensation claim are risk factors for reoperation following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction

Capogna, Brian M; Mahure, Siddharth A; Mollon, Brent; Duenes, Matthew L; Rokito, Andrew S
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:Given the increasing incidence of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), mid- to long-term rates of reoperations were investigated on the ipsilateral knee following ACLR. METHODS:New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative Systems (SPARCS) database was queried from 2003 to 2012 to identify patients with a primary ICD-9 diagnosis for ACL tear and concomitant CPT code for ACLR. Patients were longitudinally followed for at least 2 years to determine incidence and nature of subsequent ipsilateral knee procedures. RESULTS:The inclusion criteria were met by 45,231 patients who had undergone ACLR between 2003 and 2012. Mean age was found to be 29.7 years (SD 11.6). Subsequent ipsilateral outpatient knee surgery after a mean of 25.7 ± 24.5 months was performed in 10.7% of patients. Revision ACLR was performed for nearly one-third of reoperations. Meniscal pathology was addressed in 58% of subsequent procedures. Age 19 or younger, female gender, worker's compensation (WC) insurance, and Caucasian race were identified as independent risk factors for any ipsilateral reoperation. An initial isolated ACLR and initial ACLR performed by a high-volume surgeon were found to be independently associated with lower reoperation rates. Tobacco use was not significant. Survival rates of 93.4%, 89.8% and 86.7% at 2-, 5- and 10 years, respectively, were found for any ipsilateral reoperation. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:A 10.7% ipsilateral reoperation rate at an average of 25.9 (SD 24.5) months after ACLR and an overall ACLR revision rate of 3.1% were demonstrated by the analysis. Meniscal pathology was addressed in the majority of subsequent interventions. Age 19 or younger, female gender, Caucasian race, and WC claim were associated with reoperation. Initial isolated ACLR and procedure performed by high-volume surgeon were associated with reduced reoperation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:Level III.
PMID: 31813020
ISSN: 1433-7347
CID: 4238682

Response to Amin et al regarding: "Efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine in shoulder surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis" [Letter]

Kolade, Oluwadamilola; Patel, Karan; Ihejirika, Rivka; Press, Daniel; Friedlander, Scott; Roberts, Timothy; Rokito, Andrew S; Virk, Mandeep S
PMID: 32305111
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4384022

Defining massive rotator cuff tears: a Delphi consensus study

Schumaier, Adam; Kovacevic, David; Schmidt, Christopher; Green, Andrew; Rokito, Andrew; Jobin, Charles; Yian, Ed; Cuomo, Frances; Koh, Jason; Gilotra, Mohit; Ramirez, Miguel; Williams, Matthew; Burks, Robert; Stanley, Rodney; Hasan, Samer; Paxton, Scott; Hasan, Syed; Nottage, Wesley; Levine, William; Srikumaran, Uma; Grawe, Brian
BACKGROUND:A standard definition for massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs) has not been identified. The purpose of this study is to use the modified Delphi technique to determine a practical, consensus definition for MRCTs. METHODS:This study is based on responses from 20 experts who participated in 4 rounds of surveys to determine a consensus definition for MRCT. Consensus was achieved when at least 70% of survey responders rated an item at least a 4 on a 5-point scale. A set of core characteristics was drafted based on literature review and then refined to achieve a consensus MRCT definition. RESULTS:The following core characteristics reached consensus in the first round: tear size, number of tendons torn, and degree of medial retraction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative findings reached consensus as the modalities of diagnosis. The second round determined that tear size should be measured as a relative value. An initial definition for MRCT was proposed in the third round: retraction of tendon(s) to the glenoid rim and/or a tear with ≥67% greater tuberosity exposure (65% approval). A modified definition was proposed that specified that degree of retraction should be measured in the coronal or axial plane and that the amount of greater tuberosity exposure should be measured in the sagittal plane (90% approval). CONCLUSIONS:This study determined with 90% agreement that MRCT should be defined as retraction of tendon(s) to the glenoid rim in either the coronal or axial plane and/or a tear with ≥67% of the greater tuberosity exposed measured in the sagittal plane. The measurement can be performed either with MRI or intraoperatively.
PMID: 32197762
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4353792

Efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine in shoulder surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Kolade, Oluwadamilola; Patel, Karan; Ihejirika, Rivka; Press, Daniel; Friedlander, Scott; Roberts, Timothy; Rokito, Andrew S; Virk, Mandeep S
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE:The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the safety, efficacy, and opioid-sparing effect of liposomal bupivacaine (LB) vs. nonliposomal local anesthetic agents (NLAs) for postoperative analgesia after shoulder surgery. METHODS:A systematic literature review of randomized controlled clinical studies comparing the efficacy of LB with NLAs in shoulder surgery was conducted. Seven level I and II studies were included in the meta-analysis, and shoulder surgical procedures included arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and shoulder arthroplasty. Bias was assessed using The Cochrane Collaboration's tool. The primary outcome measures were visual analog scale pain scores and opioid consumption 24 and 48 hours after shoulder surgery. Subgroup analysis was performed for the method of LB administration (interscalene nerve block vs. local infiltration). RESULTS:A total of 7 studies (535 patients) were included in the final meta-analysis comparing LB (n = 260) with NLAs (n = 275). No significant difference was found between the LB and NLA groups in terms of visual analog scale pain scores at 24 hours (95% confidence interval, -1.02 to 0.84; P = .86) and 48 hours (95% confidence interval, -0.53 to 0.71; P = .78). Both groups had comparable opioid consumption at both 24 hours (P = .43) and 48 hours (P = .78) postoperatively and with respect to length of stay (P = .87) and adverse events (P = .97). Subgroup analysis demonstrated comparable efficacy irrespective of the method of administration of LB. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:LB is comparable to NLAs with respect to pain relief, the opioid-sparing effect, and adverse effects in the first 48 hours after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and total shoulder arthroplasty.
PMID: 31324503
ISSN: 1532-6500
CID: 4050002