The PSR13, a tool for evaluating patient-perceived recovery after vaginal prolapse repair surgery
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE:Surgical recovery is the return to preoperative functional, psychologic, and social activity, or a return to normalcy. To date, little is known about the global post-surgical recovery experience from the patients' perspective. The aim of this study was to validate the Post-Discharge Surgical Recovery scale 13 (PSR13) in women undergoing vaginal prolapse repair procedures and evaluate the patient-perceived postoperative recovery experience over a 12-week period. METHODS:Fifty women undergoing vaginal prolapse repairs completed the PSR13 and global surgical recovery scale (GSR) at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 12 weeks post-surgery. Validity, the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), and responsiveness to change over time of the PSR13 was evaluated using descriptive statistics and linear regression models. The proportion of patients deemed fully recovered at each time point (defined as PSR13 score â‰¥ 80) was also assessed. RESULTS:The PSR13 correlated significantly (p < 0.001) with the single-item recovery scale and showed excellent internal consistency reliability (Cronbach Î± = 0.91, range 0.77 to 0.93). The MCID was estimated at 7.0 points. The PSR13 scores improved at varying rates over time, with the greatest amount of patient-perceived recovery occurring between 4 and 6 weeks after surgery. The proportion of patients deemed fully recovered at 6- and 12- weeks postoperatively was 37% and 56%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The PSR13 is a useful instrument to assess overall return to normalcy from the patient's perspective and can be applied to evaluate the recovery experience among women undergoing vaginal prolapse repairs, in both the research and clinical setting.
Dorsal onlay lingual mucosa graft urethroplasty for female urethral stricture [Meeting Abstract]
Introduction & Objectives: The most widely accepted definition of female urethral stricture (FUS) is a symptomatic, anatomical narrowing of the urethra based on a failure of catheterization, urethral calibration, visual inspection, endoscopy or radiography. Thus it is a rare condition, its diagnostic and treatment are challenging for the reconstructive urologist.
Material(s) and Method(s): We present the case of a 47 year-old female, with a urethral stricture due to vulvar lichen sclerosus inducing incomplete bladder emptying and recurrent urinary tract infections. We decided to use lingual mucosa because the buccal mucosa was also affected by the lichen. The aim of this video was to describe the procedure of dorsal onlay lingual mucosa graft urethroplasty.
Result(s): The operating time was 70 minutes. The procedure began with the injection of adrenaline and xylocaine serum. An inverted U incision was performed anterior to the urethra. Dissection was carried out in the plane developed between the underlying urethra and overlying clitoral cavernous tissue. A dorsal urethrotomy was performed at a 12 o' clock position until healthy proximal urethra was reached. The lingual mucosa graft was harvested after having identified the Wharton's duct orifices. The graft edges were incised using a scalpel and the graft was removed using sharp scissors. The graft was maturated by removing the fat and muscular tissue of its non-mucosal side. The graft was sutured to the margins of the urethral plate. The distal part of the graft was quilted to the above periurethral flap in order to recreate the ventral aspect of the urethral meatus. A 18FR silicone catheter was placed carefully at the end of the procedure. No peri operative complication occurred. The patient was discharged two days after surgery and did not have recurrence of stricture after 6 months.
Conclusion(s): Dorsal onlay lingual mucosa graft urethroplasty is a feasible option for female urethral stricture with satisfactory postoperative outcomes.
Dorsal Onlay Oral Mucosa Graft Urethroplasty for Female Urethral Stricture
OBJECTIVE:To describe and assess the outcomes of dorsal onlay oral mucosa graft urethroplasty for female urethral stricture. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all female patients who underwent dorsal onlay oral (buccal or lingual) mucosa urethroplasty for urethral stricture between 2011 and 2020 at two academic institutions. The primary endpoint was clinical success defined as any subjective improvement in LUTS self-assessed by the patients 1-3 months after catheter removal. Four surgeons performed the urethroplasties using a standardized technique: suprameatal incision, dissection and longitudinal opening of the dorsal aspect of the urethra, harvest of the oral mucosa graft, graft onlay sutured into the urethral opening. RESULTS:Nineteen patients were included. The clinical success rate was 94.7% at 1-3 months and 90.9% at 1 year. After a median follow-up of 12 months (range 1-49) there was one recurrence (5.3%), clinical success was achieved in 17 patients (89.5%) and both the maximum urinary flow rate and post void residual were significantly improved (15.2 vs 7.4 ml/s preoperatively; PÂ =Â .008 and 71.5 vs 161.1 ml preoperatively; PÂ =Â .001 respectively). The de novo stress urinary incontinence rate was 15.7% at 1-3 months and 9.1% at 1 year. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Dorsal onlay oral mucosa graft urethroplasty for female urethral stricture appears feasible across multiple surgeons and is associated with a low perioperative morbidity, satisfactory functional outcomes and a low recurrence rate. Other series with larger sample size and longer follow-up are needed to confirm these findings.
The Effect of Symptomatic Stress Urinary Incontinence on Catheterization Rates After Intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To determine whether catheterization rates after intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injection for nonneurogenic overactive bladder and urgency incontinence differ between women with urgency urinary incontinence only and women with urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence. METHODS:This was a retrospective cohort study of patients that underwent intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injection of 100 U for nonneurogenic urgency urinary incontinence. The primary outcome was the difference in catheterization rates between women with urgency urinary incontinence alone compared with women with urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed. RESULTS:Of the 177 women included in the final analysis, 105 had urgency urinary incontinence and 72 had urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence. The overall catheterization rate after onabotulinumtoxinA injection was 11.3%, with significantly fewer women with mixed urinary incontinence requiring catheterization when compared with women with urgency urinary incontinence alone (4.2% vs 16.2%; P = 0.03), despite an older population (P = 0.02). Patient-reported improvement (P = 0.37) and decision to continue onabotulinumtoxinA treatments (P = 0.89) were similar between groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that women with mixed urinary incontinence had significantly lower odds of requiring catheterization after onabotulinumtoxinA injections than women with urgency urinary incontinence alone (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.67; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Findings suggest that the presence of symptomatic stress urinary incontinence is associated with lower rates of catheterization after intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA, but does not compromise efficacy of treatment for urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence.
Estimation of urinary frequency: does question phrasing matter?
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To evaluate if question phrasing and patient numeracy impact estimation of urinary frequency. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:We conducted a prospective study looking at reliability of a patient interview in assessing urinary frequency. Prior to completing a voiding diary, patients estimated daytime and nighttime frequency in 3 ways: 1) how many times they urinated 2) how many hours they waited in between urinations 3) how many times they urinated over the course of 4 hours. Numeracy was assessed using the Lipkus Numeracy Scale. RESULTS:Seventy-one patients completed the study. Correlation of estimates from questions 1, 2 and 3 to the diary were not statistically different. Prediction of nighttime frequency was better than daytime for all questions (correlation coefficients 0.751, 0.754 and 0.670 vs 0.596, 0.575, and 0.460). When compared to the diary, Question 1 underestimated (8.5 vs 9.7, p=0.014) while Question 2 overestimated (11.8 vs 9.7, p=0.027) recorded voids on a diary. All questions overpredicted nighttime frequency with 2.6, 2.9 and 3.9 predicted vs 1.6 recorded voids (p <0.001). Although not statistically significant, for each question, the predicted frequency of numerate patients was more correlated to the diary than those of innumerate patients. CONCLUSIONS:When compared to a voiding diary for daytime urinary frequency, asking patients how many times they urinated underestimated, and asking patients how many hours they waited between urinations overestimated the number recorded voids. Regardless of phrasing, patients overestimated nighttime urination. Patients in our functional urology population have limited numeracy, which may impact accuracy of urinary frequency estimation.
Vaginal Estrogen-What a Urologist Should Know
The implications of estrogen depletion on the lower urinary tract and vagina are relevant to the urologist treating women with genitourinary symptoms. The main symptoms of vaginal estrogen depletion that affect women are dyspareunia and vaginal dryness, recurrent UTIs and lower urinary tract symptoms. Vaginal estrogen can be used to effectively treat these conditions. Vaginal estrogen is available in a variety of formulations. Each formulation has different considerations regarding its use and patients should be actively involved in choosing the right product for them. Contrary to concerns over the risks of oral estrogen, vaginal estrogen has a low risk profile. In terms of contra-indications for use, there are relatively few absolute contraindications for vaginal estrogen. A thorough understanding of vaginal estrogen's safety, efficacy and correct use is essential to the urologist treating the post-menopausal female.
The impact of concomitant mid-urethral sling surgery on patients undergoing vaginal prolapse repair
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to assess whether mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement at the time of vaginal prolapse repair compared to vaginal prolapse repair alone is associated with an increase in 30-day postoperative complications. METHODS:Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Database, Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to identify cases of vaginal prolapse repair with and without concomitant MUS from 2012 to 2017. Student's t-test and chi-square test were used to compare differences between the groups. RESULTS:A total of 1469 cases of vaginal prolapse repair with sling were compared to 4566 cases without sling. There was no difference between prolapse repair with sling compared to without sling in mean hospital length of stay (LOS) (1.42 versus 1.32Â days, pÂ =â€‰0.65), postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) (6.1% versus 5.8%, pÂ =â€‰0.670), perioperative blood transfusion (1.1% versus 1.2%, pÂ =â€‰0.673), readmission (2.7% versus 2.6%, pÂ =â€‰0.884) and postoperative wound infection (0.5% versus 0.7%, pÂ =â€‰0.51). There was a higher rate of reoperation (2.2% versus 1.5%, pÂ =â€‰0.049) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) (0.4% versus 0.1%, pÂ =â€‰0.030) in patients undergoing concomitant MUS compared to those undergoing prolapse repair alone. CONCLUSIONS:Compared to prolapse repair alone, the addition of a sling did not increase hospital LOS, UTI, perioperative blood transfusions, readmission or postoperative wound infections. However, concomitant sling was found to be associated with a higher risk of reoperation and VTE.
Persistence in percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation treatment for overactive bladder syndrome is best predicted by patient global impression of improvement rather than symptom-specific improvement
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To evaluate whether progression to maintenance percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) was related to perceived global impression of improvement (PGII) rather than symptom-specific improvement in patient with overactive bladder (OAB). We hypothesize that PGII will predict continuation of PTNS long-term. METHODS:This prospective observational study included 90 patients with OAB that initiated PTNS. The PGII and overactive bladder short-form questionnaires (OABq-SF) were used to assess bladder symptom severity and improvement. Those that completed the 12-week induction phase were offered to continue PTNS monthly maintenance or pursue other options. The primary outcome was difference in PGII score between those pursuing maintenance therapy versus other options. Descriptive statistics and mixed effect modeling analysis were employed. RESULTS:Seventy patients (78%) completed 12 weeks of PTNS. The majority of completers pursued monthly maintenance (p<0.01) and had significantly lower median PGII scores compared with those who sought alternatives (p<0.01), while OABq-SF scores did not differ significantly (p=0.65). Patients that pursued monthly PTNS maintenance had lower body mass index than those who chose alternative therapies (p<0.01). Only 19% continued PTNS therapy for at least 1 year. CONCLUSIONS:More patients pursued PTNS monthly maintenance over any other therapy, and this was significantly associated with lower PGII scores. Global improvement, and not symptom-specific response, predicts long-term PTNS maintenance. No symptom-specific predictors were identified in those who pursued maintenance over other options. One-year continuation rates are low.
Impact of urodymamics on diagnosis and treatment plans for the overactive bladder patient [Meeting Abstract]
Introduction: Urodynamics (UDS) is the study of urine transport, storage, and evacuation and is the gold standard in assessment of bladder function. Per AUA guidelines, UDS are not to be used in the initial workup of the uncomplicated patient with OAB, however their role in more complex patients remains uncertain. The primary aim of this study is to assess the impact of UDS on diagnosis and treatment plans of complex patients with OAB.
Method(s): Patients undergoing workup for OAB between 2016 and 2018 were prospectively enrolled and completed a voiding diary and UDS. Physicians first provided a diagnosis and treatment plan based on patient history, clinical data and voiding diary alone. The patients then underwent UDS and the physician provided a diagnosis and treatment plan after reviewing the additional testing. The impact of UDS on diagnosis and treatment plan were analyzed.
Result(s): 26 patients underwent evaluation with voiding diary and UDS with prospective documentation of diagnosis and treatment plan. All patients had previously trialed oral OAB medications10 (38.4%), complained of mixed incontinence 11 (42.3%), or were considering third line therapy 14 (53.8%). After UDS were performed, 13 (50%) had a modification in diagnosis and 11 (42.3%) had a change in treatment plan. The most common change in diagnosis was observation of voiding phase dysfunction in 4 (15.4%). Treatment plans changed for 6 patients with mixed incontinence primarily by elucidating severity of stress vs urgency incontinence when it was difficult to determine from patient report and available clinical data. Plans also changed for 1 patient found to have underactive bladder and 2 with bladder outlet obstruction. 9 (34.6%) patients went on to third line therapy.
Conclusion(s): UDS done for patients with complex OAB symptoms led to modification in patient diagnosis in 50% of patients and change in treatment plan in 42.3%. Change to diagnosis and management plan may reflect the utility of UDS especially in complicated patients (ie mixed incontinence) or who have failed second line therapies
Barriers to completion of voiding diary in patient with overactive bladder [Meeting Abstract]
Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) affects 10-19% of adults, strongly influencing quality of life. Voiding diaries may provide valuable information on the OAB patient, identifying modifiable behavior factors and the timing and severity of symptoms that can help guide treatment. The primary aim of this prospective cohort study is to report the percent of patients completing a diary, and secondary aim is to assess what factors may predict completion.
Method(s): 93 patients undergoing workup for OAB between 2016 and 2020 were enrolled and asked to complete a three-day voiding diary. They were provided standard written and oral instructions, in addition to urine collection device and a printed diary template. Completed voiding diary, OAB-q questionnaire, and demographic factors were collected and analyzed.
Result(s): Of the 93 patients enrolled, 61 (65.6%) completed at least one day of a voiding diary. Two of these patients (3.3%) returned diaries that could not be interpreted. There was no difference in OAB-q score for those completing diary and those who did not (76.7 vs 79, p=0.86). In addition, no significant differences were seen in age, BMI, ethnicity, gender or prior surgeries between those who did and did not complete the diary.
Conclusion(s): Voiding diaries are used in the workup of OAB to quantify symptoms and determine their cause. We found a completion rate of 65.6% among patients with bothersome OAB. No demographic differences were observed between those who did and did not complete a diary. Further study of barriers to completion could aid in higher capture rates and improved diagnostic evaluation of the OAB patient