Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Most large structural variants in cancer genomes can be detected without long reads

Choo, Zi-Ning; Behr, Julie M; Deshpande, Aditya; Hadi, Kevin; Yao, Xiaotong; Tian, Huasong; Takai, Kaori; Zakusilo, George; Rosiene, Joel; Da Cruz Paula, Arnaud; Weigelt, Britta; Setton, Jeremy; Riaz, Nadeem; Powell, Simon N; Busam, Klaus; Shoushtari, Alexander N; Ariyan, Charlotte; Reis-Filho, Jorge; de Lange, Titia; Imieliński, Marcin
Short-read sequencing is the workhorse of cancer genomics yet is thought to miss many structural variants (SVs), particularly large chromosomal alterations. To characterize missing SVs in short-read whole genomes, we analyzed 'loose ends'-local violations of mass balance between adjacent DNA segments. In the landscape of loose ends across 1,330 high-purity cancer whole genomes, most large (>10-kb) clonal SVs were fully resolved by short reads in the 87% of the human genome where copy number could be reliably measured. Some loose ends represent neotelomeres, which we propose as a hallmark of the alternative lengthening of telomeres phenotype. These pan-cancer findings were confirmed by long-molecule profiles of 38 breast cancer and melanoma cases. Our results indicate that aberrant homologous recombination is unlikely to drive the majority of large cancer SVs. Furthermore, analysis of mass balance in short-read whole genome data provides a surprisingly complete picture of cancer chromosomal structure.
PMID: 37945902
ISSN: 1546-1718
CID: 5607642

Long-molecule scars of backup DNA repair in BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient cancers

Setton, Jeremy; Hadi, Kevin; Choo, Zi-Ning; Kuchin, Katherine S; Tian, Huasong; Da Cruz Paula, Arnaud; Rosiene, Joel; Selenica, Pier; Behr, Julie; Yao, Xiaotong; Deshpande, Aditya; Sigouros, Michael; Manohar, Jyothi; Nauseef, Jones T; Mosquera, Juan-Miguel; Elemento, Olivier; Weigelt, Britta; Riaz, Nadeem; Reis-Filho, Jorge S; Powell, Simon N; Imieliński, Marcin
Homologous recombination (HR) deficiency is associated with DNA rearrangements and cytogenetic aberrations1. Paradoxically, the types of DNA rearrangements that are specifically associated with HR-deficient cancers only minimally affect chromosomal structure2. Here, to address this apparent contradiction, we combined genome-graph analysis of short-read whole-genome sequencing (WGS) profiles across thousands of tumours with deep linked-read WGS of 46 BRCA1- or BRCA2-mutant breast cancers. These data revealed a distinct class of HR-deficiency-enriched rearrangements called reciprocal pairs. Linked-read WGS showed that reciprocal pairs with identical rearrangement orientations gave rise to one of two distinct chromosomal outcomes, distinguishable only with long-molecule data. Whereas one (cis) outcome corresponded to the copying and pasting of a small segment to a distant site, a second (trans) outcome was a quasi-balanced translocation or multi-megabase inversion with substantial (10 kb) duplications at each junction. We propose an HR-independent replication-restart repair mechanism to explain the full spectrum of reciprocal pair outcomes. Linked-read WGS also identified single-strand annealing as a repair pathway that is specific to BRCA2 deficiency in human cancers. Integrating these features in a classifier improved discrimination between BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient genomes. In conclusion, our data reveal classes of rearrangements that are specific to BRCA1 or BRCA2 deficiency as a source of cytogenetic aberrations in HR-deficient cells.
PMID: 37587346
ISSN: 1476-4687
CID: 5607752

Molecular Evolution of Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Revealed Through Whole-Genome Sequencing of Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg Cells

Maura, Francesco; Ziccheddu, Bachisio; Xiang, Jenny Z; Bhinder, Bhavneet; Rosiene, Joel; Abascal, Federico; Maclachlan, Kylee H; Eng, Kenneth Wha; Uppal, Manik; He, Feng; Zhang, Wei; Gao, Qi; Yellapantula, Venkata D; Trujillo-Alonso, Vicenta; Park, Sunita I; Oberley, Matthew J; Ruckdeschel, Elizabeth; Lim, Megan S; Wertheim, Gerald B; Barth, Matthew J; Horton, Terzah M; Derkach, Andriy; Kovach, Alexandra E; Forlenza, Christopher J; Zhang, Yanming; Landgren, Ola; Moskowitz, Craig H; Cesarman, Ethel; Imielinski, Marcin; Elemento, Olivier; Roshal, Mikhail; Giulino-Roth, Lisa
UNLABELLED:The rarity of malignant Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg (HRS) cells in classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) limits the ability to study the genomics of cHL. To circumvent this, our group has previously optimized fluorescence-activated cell sorting to purify HRS cells. Using this approach, we now report the whole-genome sequencing landscape of HRS cells and reconstruct the chronology and likely etiology of pathogenic events leading to cHL. We identified alterations in driver genes not previously described in cHL, APOBEC mutational activity, and the presence of complex structural variants including chromothripsis. We found that high ploidy in cHL is often acquired through multiple, independent chromosomal gains events including whole-genome duplication. Evolutionary timing analyses revealed that structural variants enriched for RAG motifs, driver mutations in B2M, BCL7A, GNA13, and PTPN1, and the onset of AID-driven mutagenesis usually preceded large chromosomal gains. This study provides a temporal reconstruction of cHL pathogenesis. SIGNIFICANCE:Previous studies in cHL were limited to coding sequences and therefore not able to comprehensively decipher the tumor complexity. Here, leveraging cHL whole-genome characterization, we identify driver events and reconstruct the tumor evolution, finding that structural variants, driver mutations, and AID mutagenesis precede chromosomal gains. This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 171.
PMID: 36723991
ISSN: 2643-3249
CID: 5637362

Sex-related characteristics and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention for tricuspid regurgitation

Scotti, Andrea; Coisne, Augustin; Taramasso, Maurizio; Granada, Juan F; Ludwig, Sebastian; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Lurz, Philipp; Hausleiter, Jörg; Fam, Neil; Kodali, Susheel K; Rosiene, Joel; Feinberg, Ari; Pozzoli, Alberto; Alessandrini, Hannes; Biasco, Luigi; Brochet, Eric; Denti, Paolo; Estévez-Loureiro, Rodrigo; Frerker, Christian; Ho, Edwin C; Monivas, Vanessa; Nickenig, Georg; Praz, Fabien; Puri, Rishi; Sievert, Horst; Tang, Gilbert H L; Andreas, Martin; Von Bardeleben, Ralph Stephan; Rommel, Karl-Philipp; Muntané-Carol, Guillem; Gavazzoni, Mara; Braun, Daniel; Koell, Benedikt; Kalbacher, Daniel; Connelly, Kim A; Juliard, Jean-Michel; Harr, Claudia; Pedrazzini, Giovanni; Russo, Giulio; Philippon, François; Schofer, Joachim; Thiele, Holger; Unterhuber, Matthias; Himbert, Dominique; Alcázar, Marina Ureña; Wild, Mirjam G; Windecker, Stephan; Jorde, Ulrich; Maisano, Francesco; Leon, Martin B; Hahn, Rebecca T; Latib, Azeem
AIMS:The impact of sexuality in patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) undergoing transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate sex-specific outcomes in patients with significant TR treated with TTVI vs. medical therapy alone. METHODS AND RESULTS:The Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies (TriValve) registry collected data on patients with significant TR from 24 centres who underwent TTVI from 2016 to 2021. A control cohort was formed by medically managed patients with ≥severe isolated TR diagnosed in 2015-18. The primary endpoint was freedom from all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints were heart failure (HF) hospitalization, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional status, and TR severity. One-year outcomes were assessed for the TriValve cohort and compared with the control cohort with the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). A total of 556 and 2072 patients were included from the TriValve and control groups, respectively. After TTVI, there was no difference between women and men in 1-year freedom from all-cause mortality 80.9% vs. 77.9%, P = 0.56, nor in HF hospitalization (P = 0.36), NYHA Functional Classes III and IV (P = 0.17), and TR severity >2+ at last follow-up (P = 0.42). Multivariable Cox-regression weighted by IPTW showed improved 1-year survival after TTVI compared with medical therapy alone in both women (adjusted hazard ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.23-0.83, P = 0.01) and men (adjusted hazard ratio 0.42, 95% confidence interval 0.18-0.89, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION:After TTVI in high-risk patients, there were no sex-related differences in terms of survival, HF hospitalization, functional status, and TR reduction up to 1 year. The IPTW analysis shows a survival benefit of TTVI over medical therapy alone in both women and men.
PMID: 36445158
ISSN: 1522-9645
CID: 5459292

Genomic signature of Fanconi anaemia DNA repair pathway deficiency in cancer

Webster, Andrew L H; Sanders, Mathijs A; Patel, Krupa; Dietrich, Ralf; Noonan, Raymond J; Lach, Francis P; White, Ryan R; Goldfarb, Audrey; Hadi, Kevin; Edwards, Matthew M; Donovan, Frank X; Hoogenboezem, Remco M; Jung, Moonjung; Sridhar, Sunandini; Wiley, Tom F; Fedrigo, Olivier; Tian, Huasong; Rosiene, Joel; Heineman, Thomas; Kennedy, Jennifer A; Bean, Lorenzo; Rosti, Rasim O; Tryon, Rebecca; Gonzalez, Ashlyn-Maree; Rosenberg, Allana; Luo, Ji-Dung; Carroll, Thomas S; Shroff, Sanjana; Beaumont, Michael; Velleuer, Eunike; Rastatter, Jeff C; Wells, Susanne I; Surrallés, Jordi; Bagby, Grover; MacMillan, Margaret L; Wagner, John E; Cancio, Maria; Boulad, Farid; Scognamiglio, Theresa; Vaughan, Roger; Beaumont, Kristin G; Koren, Amnon; Imielinski, Marcin; Chandrasekharappa, Settara C; Auerbach, Arleen D; Singh, Bhuvanesh; Kutler, David I; Campbell, Peter J; Smogorzewska, Agata
Fanconi anaemia (FA), a model syndrome of genome instability, is caused by a deficiency in DNA interstrand crosslink repair resulting in chromosome breakage1-3. The FA repair pathway protects against endogenous and exogenous carcinogenic aldehydes4-7. Individuals with FA are hundreds to thousands fold more likely to develop head and neck (HNSCC), oesophageal and anogenital squamous cell carcinomas8 (SCCs). Molecular studies of SCCs from individuals with FA (FA SCCs) are limited, and it is unclear how FA SCCs relate to sporadic HNSCCs primarily driven by tobacco and alcohol exposure or infection with human papillomavirus9 (HPV). Here, by sequencing genomes and exomes of FA SCCs, we demonstrate that the primary genomic signature of FA repair deficiency is the presence of high numbers of structural variants. Structural variants are enriched for small deletions, unbalanced translocations and fold-back inversions, and are often connected, thereby forming complex rearrangements. They arise in the context of TP53 loss, but not in the context of HPV infection, and lead to somatic copy-number alterations of HNSCC driver genes. We further show that FA pathway deficiency may lead to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and enhanced keratinocyte-intrinsic inflammatory signalling, which would contribute to the aggressive nature of FA SCCs. We propose that the genomic instability in sporadic HPV-negative HNSCC may arise as a result of the FA repair pathway being overwhelmed by DNA interstrand crosslink damage caused by alcohol and tobacco-derived aldehydes, making FA SCC a powerful model to study tumorigenesis resulting from DNA-crosslinking damage.
PMID: 36450981
ISSN: 1476-4687
CID: 5459302

Whole-genome characterization of myoepithelial carcinomas of the soft tissue

Cyrta, Joanna; Rosiene, Joel; Bareja, Rohan; Kudman, Sarah; Al Zoughbi, Wael; Motanagh, Samaneh; Wilkes, David C; Eng, Kenneth; Zhang, Tuo; Sticca, Evan; Mathew, Susan; Rubin, Mark A; Sboner, Andrea; Elemento, Olivier; Rubin, Brian P; Imielinski, Marcin; Mosquera, Juan Miguel
Myoepithelial carcinomas (MECs) of soft tissue are rare and aggressive tumors affecting young adults and children, but their molecular landscape has not been comprehensively explored through genome sequencing. Here, we present the whole-exome sequencing (WES), whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and RNA sequencing findings of two MECs. Patients 1 and 2 (P1, P2), both male, were diagnosed at 27 and 37 yr of age, respectively, with shoulder (P1) and inguinal (P2) soft tissue tumors. Both patients developed metastatic disease, and P2 died of disease. P1 tumor showed a rhabdoid cytomorphology and a complete loss of INI1 (SMARCB1) expression, associated with a homozygous SMARCB1 deletion. The tumor from P2 showed a clear cell/small cell morphology, retained INI1 expression and strong S100 positivity. By WES and WGS, tumors from both patients displayed low tumor mutation burdens, and no targetable alterations in cancer genes were detected. P2's tumor harbored an EWSR1::KLF15 rearrangement, whereas the tumor from P1 showed a novel ASCC2::GGNBP2 fusion. WGS evidenced a complex genomic event involving mainly Chromosomes 17 and 22 in the tumor from P1, which was consistent with chromoplexy. These findings are consistent with previous reports of EWSR1 rearrangements (50% of cases) in MECs and provide a genetic basis for the loss of SMARCB1 protein expression observed through immunohistochemistry in 10% of 40% of MEC cases. The lack of additional driver mutations in these tumors supports the hypothesis that these alterations are the key molecular events in MEC evolution. Furthermore, the presence of complex structural variant patterns, invisible to WES, highlights the novel biological insights that can be gained through the application of WGS to rare cancers.
PMID: 36577525
ISSN: 2373-2873
CID: 5459312

System-wide transcriptome damage and tissue identity loss in COVID-19 patients

Park, Jiwoon; Foox, Jonathan; Hether, Tyler; Danko, David C; Warren, Sarah; Kim, Youngmi; Reeves, Jason; Butler, Daniel J; Mozsary, Christopher; Rosiene, Joel; Shaiber, Alon; Afshin, Evan E; MacKay, Matthew; Rendeiro, André F; Bram, Yaron; Chandar, Vasuretha; Geiger, Heather; Craney, Arryn; Velu, Priya; Melnick, Ari M; Hajirasouliha, Iman; Beheshti, Afshin; Taylor, Deanne; Saravia-Butler, Amanda; Singh, Urminder; Wurtele, Eve Syrkin; Schisler, Jonathan; Fennessey, Samantha; Corvelo, André; Zody, Michael C; Germer, Soren; Salvatore, Steven; Levy, Shawn; Wu, Shixiu; Tatonetti, Nicholas P; Shapira, Sagi; Salvatore, Mirella; Westblade, Lars F; Cushing, Melissa; Rennert, Hanna; Kriegel, Alison J; Elemento, Olivier; Imielinski, Marcin; Rice, Charles M; Borczuk, Alain C; Meydan, Cem; Schwartz, Robert E; Mason, Christopher E
The molecular mechanisms underlying the clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and what distinguishes them from common seasonal influenza virus and other lung injury states such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, remain poorly understood. To address these challenges, we combine transcriptional profiling of 646 clinical nasopharyngeal swabs and 39 patient autopsy tissues to define body-wide transcriptome changes in response to COVID-19. We then match these data with spatial protein and expression profiling across 357 tissue sections from 16 representative patient lung samples and identify tissue-compartment-specific damage wrought by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, evident as a function of varying viral loads during the clinical course of infection and tissue-type-specific expression states. Overall, our findings reveal a systemic disruption of canonical cellular and transcriptional pathways across all tissues, which can inform subsequent studies to combat the mortality of COVID-19 and to better understand the molecular dynamics of lethal SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory infections.
PMID: 35233546
ISSN: 2666-3791
CID: 5270372

Genomic instability is enriched in localized prostate cancers from men of African ancestry. [Meeting Abstract]

Nauseef, Jones T.; Shah, Yajas; Shaiber, Alon; Rosiene, Joel; Wilkes, David; Sigouros, Michael; Manohar, Jyothi; Vlachostergios, Panagiotis J.; Robinson, Brian D.; Elemento, Olivier; Nanus, David M.; Mosquera, Juan Miguel; Imielinski, Marcin
ISSN: 0732-183x
CID: 5270802

Pathognomonic long molecule footprints of backup repair pathways in homologous recombination deficient cancers [Meeting Abstract]

Setton, Jeremy; Hadi, Kevin; Tian, Huasong; Paula, Arnaud Da Cruz; Rosiene, Joel; Choo, Zi-Ning; Behr, Julie; Yao, Xiaotong; Elemento, Olivier; Weigelt, Britta; Riaz, Nadeem; Reis-Filho, Jorge S.; Imielinski, Marcin; Powell, Simon N.
ISSN: 0008-5472
CID: 5270812

Fanconi anemia pathway deficiency drives copy number variation in squamous cell carcinoma. [Meeting Abstract]

Webster, Andrew L.; Sanders, Mathijs A.; Patel, Krupa; Dietrich, Ralf; Noonan, Raymond J.; Lach, Francis P.; White, Ryan R.; Goldfarb, Audrey M.; Hadi, Kevin; Edwards, Matthew M.; Donovan, Frank X.; Jung, Moonjung; Sridhar, Sunandini; Fedrigo, Olivier; Tian, Huasong; Rosiene, Joel; Heineman, Thomas; Kennedy, Jennifer; Bean, Lorenzo; Rosti, Rasim O.; Tryon, Rebecca; Gonzalez, Ashlyn-Maree; Rosenberg, Allana; Luo, Ji-Dung; Carrol, Thomas; Velleuer, Eunike; Rastatter, Jeff C.; Wells, Susanne I.; Surralles, Jordi; Bagby, Grover; MacMillan, Margaret L.; Wagner, John E.; Cancio, Maria; Boulad, Farid; Scognamiglio, Theresa; Vaughan, Roger; Koren, Amnon; Imielinski, Marcin; Chandrasekharappa, Settara; Auerbach, Arleen D.; Singh, Bhuvanesh; Kutler, David; Campbell, Peter J.; Smogorzewska, Agata
ISSN: 0008-5472
CID: 5459432