Depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate contraception use among Salvadoran women: an in-depth analysis of attitudes and experiences
OBJECTIVE: To survey a cross-section of reproductive-age Salvadoran women in order to assess the factors that influence their decision to use depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), an injectable form of contraception. METHODS: Reproductive-age women at three rural Salvadoran health clinics were asked to participate in a study to assess their current and past experiences using DMPA contraception. Verbal informed consent was obtained, and research coordinators administered a 23-question survey. RESULTS: Surveys were completed in 425 women with an average age of 27.36 years. Average duration of DMPA contraception use was 2.89 years. The majority (84%) of past and present users were very satisfied with DMPA contraception, most commonly because they did not have to remember to use it daily (44.9%). The side effects of DMPA appear to be a significant indicator of whether women heard about and wanted to use other forms of long-term reversible contraception, such as an intrauterine device (IUD) or implant. CONCLUSIONS: The main reason Salvadoran women chose to use DMPA is because they do not have to think about it on a daily basis. However, many women do not like the side effects and may be open to explore using other long-term reversible methods of contraception, such as IUDs or implants. It is possible that with increased access to educational information about IUD use, safety, and effectiveness, more women would use this form of long-term contraception as opposed to sterilization.
HPV vaccine acceptability by Latino parents: a comparison of U.S. and Salvadoran populations
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination by Latino parents at an urban medical center in the United States and a community hospital in El Salvador. DESIGN: After reading an information sheet on HPV, 148 subjects at Bellevue Hospital in New York City and 160 subjects at Hospital Nacional de Santa Gertrudis in San Vicente, El Salvador, completed a survey. Results were analyzed using chi-square, Fisher's exact test, and Student's t-tests. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Parental acceptance of HPV vaccination was higher in a sample of Salvadoran subjects than in a sample of U.S. Latinas (P<0.001 for daughters and sons). Reasons for objecting to HPV vaccination differ in the two locations. There are important differences between Salvadoran and U.S. subjects. Salvadorans are more accepting of HPV vaccination, and parental acceptance is unlikely to be a barrier to widespread vaccination in El Salvador. Targeted educational materials are needed in both locations