Less is more: clinical impact of decreasing pneumoperitoneum pressures during robotic surgery
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of decreasing insufflation pressure during robotic gynecologic surgery. The primary outcomes were patient-reported postoperative pain scores and length of stay. Secondary outcomes include surgical time, blood loss, and intraoperative respiratory parameters. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing robotic surgery for benign gynecologic conditions by a single minimally invasive surgeon at an academic hospital between 2014 and 2017. Patients were categorized by the maximum insufflation pressure reached during the surgery as either 15, 12, 10, or 8Â mmHg. Continuous variables were compared using analysis of variance and Ï‡2 test was used for categorical variables. 598 patients were included in this study with no differences in age, BMI, race, prior abdominal surgeries, or specimen weight between the four cohorts. When comparing cohorts, each decrease in insufflation pressure correlated with a significant decrease in initial pain scores (5.9 vs 5.4 vs 4.4 vs. 3.8, pâ€‰â‰¤â€‰0.001), and hospital length of stay (449 vs 467 vs 351 vs. 317Â min, pâ€‰â‰¤â€‰0.001). There were no differences in duration of surgery (pâ€‰=â€‰0.31) or blood loss (pâ€‰=â€‰0.09). Lower operating pressures were correlated with significantly lower peak inspiratory pressures (pâ€‰<â€‰0.001) and tidal volumes (pâ€‰<â€‰0.001). Surgery performed at lower-pressure pneumoperitoneum (â‰¤â€‰10Â mmHg) is associated with lower postoperative pain scores, shorter length of stay, and improved intraoperative respiratory parameters without increased duration of surgery or blood loss. Operating at lower insufflation pressures is a low-cost, reversible intervention that should be implemented during robotic surgery as it results in the improved pain scores and shorter hospital stays.