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What to know about 2.0: Revisions to the pediatric emergency medicine milestones

Sagalowsky, Selin T; Rudinsky, Sherri L; Gray, James M; Edgar, Laura
INTRODUCTION/UNASSIGNED:The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) adopted educational milestones for trainee assessment in 2013, as a key component of the Next Accreditation System. Two years later, the ACGME, American Board of Pediatrics (ABP), and American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) collaborated to create specialty-specific subcompetencies in pediatric emergency medicine (PEM). Since that time, emerging data have demonstrated the need to revise specialty milestones. Consequently, the ACGME summoned a working group to revise the original PEM milestones. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:The PEM Milestones 2.0 Working Group convened in April 2021, comprising diverse representation from ACGME staff, PEM and EM attendings, PEM fellowship program directors, PEM fellows, and community members, overseen by the ACGME's vice president for milestones development. The group met virtually six times over 3 months, with concurrent independent and subgroup work, to draft the PEM Milestones 2.0 and supplemental guide. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:The working group's revisions generated concise descriptions of behavioral anchors to define skill acquisition more accurately; attention to the transition from residency to fellowship training; incorporation of harmonized milestones for non-patient care and non-medical knowledge domains; and increased emphasis on diversity, equity, and inclusion. A supplemental guide was also designed to aid programs in designing programmatic assessment related to specialty-specific milestones. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:The PEM Milestones 2.0 provide an updated, specialty-specific framework to guide the development and assessment of PEM fellows and training programs. Future work may focus on faculty and learner development, advancing validity evidence, strengthening content expertise, and integrating milestones with specialty-specific entrustable professional activities.
PMID: 37064491
ISSN: 2472-5390
CID: 5457712

Simulation-Based Procedural Skills Training in Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Sagalowsky, Selin Tuysuzoglu; Wynter, Sheri-Ann; Auerbach, Marc; Pusic, Martin V; Kessler, David O
Procedural skills are integral to the practice of pediatric emergency medicine, but provider experience is limited by case rarity. Simulation-based medical education allows for the practice of rare procedures without compromising patient safety. Simulation-based procedural training improves provider confidence, knowledge, and performance, and may translate to better patient outcomes. However, optimal instructional designs for simulation-based training remain unclear, and educators have a plethora of didactic approaches and simulator characteristics to consider. This article reviews how simulation can be used for pediatric procedural skills training and maintenance, focusing on instructional design features, simulationmodalities, and the use of simulation as an assessment tool in the era of competency-based medical education. Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
ISSN: 1558-2310
CID: 2726552

Pediatric Resident Burnout and Attitudes Toward Patients

Baer, Tamara Elizabeth; Feraco, Angela M; Tuysuzoglu Sagalowsky, Selin; Williams, David; Litman, Heather J; Vinci, Robert J
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Burnout occurs in up to 75% of resident physicians. Our study objectives were to: (1) determine the prevalence of burnout, and (2) examine the association between burnout and self-reported patient care attitudes and behaviors among pediatric residents. METHODS:and logistic regression tested the association between burnout and self-reported patient care attitudes and behavior. RESULTS:< .01) of reporting suboptimal patient care attitudes and behaviors, including: discharging patients to make the service more manageable (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-11.1), not fully discussing treatment options or answering questions (aOR 3.5; 95% CI, 1.7-7.1), making treatment or medication errors (aOR 7.1; 95% CI, 2.0-25.8), ignoring the social or personal impact of an illness (aOR 9.6; 95% CI, 3.2-28.9), and feeling guilty about how a patient was treated (aOR 6.0; 95% CI, 1.6-22.1). CONCLUSIONS:Burnout is highly prevalent among pediatric residents and is associated with self-reported negative patient care attitudes and behaviors. Residency programs should develop interventions addressing burnout and its potential negative impact on patient care.
PMID: 28232639
ISSN: 1098-4275
CID: 4154652

My Thoughts: Death of the "Virgin Abdomen" [Editorial]

Sagalowsky, Selin T; Griggs, Cornelia L
PMID: 34809909
ISSN: 1879-1883
CID: 5180442

Chronic Non-infectious Osteomyelitis Mimicking Scurvy as the Presenting Sign of Crohn's Disease: Case Report [Case Report]

Goldfarb, Alexa; Breitling, Stefan; Amadasun, Owen; Kiernan, Bridget; Gold-von Simson, Gabrielle; Sagalowsky, Selin T
Chronic non-infectious osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare, inflammatory process associated with pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Signs and symptoms of CNO parallel scurvy, a nutritional deficiency that can affect children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is the first report of a child initially thought to have scurvy, then subsequently diagnosed with CNO as the presenting manifestation of Crohn's disease. This case enhances the literature elucidating extra-intestinal manifestations of IBD and pediatric nutritional deficiencies.
PMID: 35498788
ISSN: 2296-2360
CID: 5203372

Responding to Microaggressions: Further Frameworks From Simulation Debriefing [Letter]

Sagalowsky, Selin T; Woodward, Hilary; Evins, Jessica; Kessler, David O
PMID: 33618815
ISSN: 1097-6760
CID: 4795452

Lessons From the Frontlines: Pandemic Response Among New York City Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Programs During COVID-19

Sagalowsky, Selin Tuysuzoglu; Roskind, Cindy Ganis; Fein, Daniel M; Teng, David; Jamal, Nazreen
The global pandemic novel coronavirus 2019 has upended healthcare and medical education, particularly in disease epicenters such as New York City. In this piece, we seek to describe the collective experiences and lessons learned by the New York City pediatric emergency medicine fellowship directors in clinical, educational, investigative, and psychological domains, in hopes of engendering conversation and informing future disaster response efforts.
PMID: 32868551
ISSN: 1535-1815
CID: 4581612

Structural Competency as a Simulation Performance Domain

Sagalowsky, Selin T; Kessler, David O
PMID: 32235264
ISSN: 1559-713x
CID: 4371472

Building an adaptable resident curriculum for acute pediatric sexual abuse evaluations: A qualitative needs assessment

Sagalowksy, Selin T; Pahalyants, Vartan; Roskind, Cindy G; Pusic, Martin V
BACKGROUND:Residents are undertrained to perform acute pediatric sexual abuse evaluations. The American Academy of Pediatrics has proposed development of an adaptable child abuse curriculum, though no such curriculum exists. OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Our goal was to perform a needs assessment for pediatric residents performing acute sexual abuse evaluations in an emergency department setting, thus laying groundwork for an adaptable curriculum. The objective was to explore pediatric resident training, knowledge, confidence, expectations, learning needs, and educational goals. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING/METHODS:We conducted a qualitative exploratory study of pediatric residents, faculty, and program directors at two academic health centers in New York City. METHODS:Using purposive and convenience sampling, we conducted focus groups and semi-structured interviews until saturation of ideas was achieved. Through an iterative process using constructivist grounded theory, themes were organized into a curricular model. RESULTS:We conducted 3 resident focus groups (n = 21) and 7 interviews with emergency medicine, pediatric, and child abuse faculty. Themes emerged in three categories: barriers (e.g., knowledge deficits), facilitators (e.g., pre-learning), and educational goals. Despite recognizing the importance and increased availability of subspecialists, participants supported gradual autonomy for pediatric residents in the evaluation of suspected sexual abuse, with a goal of independent competency in history and examination skills, and supervised competency of forensic evidence collection. CONCLUSIONS:Our data support a multimodal, blended curriculum for the acute sexual abuse evaluation, including: (1) asynchronous pre-learning; (2) live workshops; (3) reference tools; and (4) modeled clinical experiences. Our proposed curricular model may be utilized by a variety of frontline clinicians.
PMID: 32070488
ISSN: 1873-7757
CID: 4312192

Lessons learnt from piloting paediatric patient-focused and family-focused simulation methodology in a clerkship objective structured clinical experience

Sagalowsky, Selin Tuysuzoglu; Kester, Kristen; Woodward, Hilary; Bailey, Bart; Catallozzi, Marina
PMID: 35517386
ISSN: 2056-6697
CID: 5399322