Acral melanocytic lesions in the United States: Prevalence, awareness, and dermoscopic patterns in skin-of-color and non-Hispanic white patients
Madankumar, Reshmi; Gumaste, Priyanka V; Martires, Kathryn; Schaffer, Panta R; Choudhary, Sonal; Falto-Aizpurua, Leyre; Arora, Harleen; Kallis, Penelope J; Patel, Shailee; Damanpour, Shadi; Sanchez, Margaret I; Yin, Natalie; Chan, Aegean; Sanchez, Miguel; Polsky, David; Kanavy, Holly; Grichnik, James M; Stein, Jennifer A
BACKGROUND: Acral lentiginous melanoma has increased mortality compared with other melanoma subtypes and disproportionately affects ethnic minorities. Acral melanocytic lesions have not been well studied in diverse populations of the United States. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence, awareness, and dermoscopic patterns of acral melanocytic lesions in skin-of-color and non-Hispanic white patients. METHODS: We prospectively examined the palms and soles of 1052 patients presenting to dermatology clinics in New York, NY, and Miami, FL, from October 2013 to April 2015. RESULTS: Acral melanocytic lesions were observed in 36% of our cohort. Skin-of-color patients were more likely to have acral melanocytic lesions than non-Hispanic white patients (P < .01). Acral melanocytic lesions correlated with increased mole counts, particularly on non-Hispanic white patients. The majority of lesions demonstrated benign dermoscopic patterns. We observed 2 lesions with the parallel ridge pattern in our cohort, both found to be atypical nevi on biopsy specimen. Patients often lacked awareness of the presence of their lesions. LIMITATIONS: Interobserver variability in assessing dermoscopic patterns is a limitation. CONCLUSIONS: Melanocytic lesions of the palms and soles are common, particularly in a cohort of multiple ethnicities from the United States. Dermoscopy of acral lesions is an important clinical tool for diagnosis and management of these lesions.
Paraneoplastic erythema annulare centrifugum eruption (PEACE)
Mu, Euphemia W; Sanchez, Miguel; Mir, Adnan; Meehan, Shane A; Pomeranz, Miriam Keltz
Erythema annulare centrifugum (EAC) is a reactive erythema with distinct, annular, erythematous plaques with trailing scale. This condition has been associated with various etiologies, which include an associated malignant condition. EAC with cancers or paraneoplastic erythema annulare centrifugum eruptions (PEACE), is more likely to be associated with lymphoproliferative malignancies such as lymphomas and leukemias. Histopathologic features include a superficial and deep, lymphohistiocytic perivascular infiltrate. We present a patient with a history of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in remission for two years, who presented with a one-year history of EAC.
Sanchez, Miguel; Haimovic, Adele; Prystowsky, Steve
Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by noncaseating granulomatous infiltration of 1 or more organs. In North America, after the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes, the skin is the next most commonly involved organ. Data from multiple studies indicate a coaction between genetic and environmental factors in immunologically susceptible hosts. The disease's many clinical manifestations and course vary greatly and are influenced by race, ethnicity, and gender. In the skin, the lesions of sarcoidosis are classified as specific when noncaseating granulomas are present, and nonspecific when there is an inflammatory reaction pattern devoid of granulomas.
Reply to 'Skin cancer, photoprotection, and skin of color' [Letter]
Lim, Henry W; Agbai, Oma N; Bhushan, Reva; Buster, Kesha J; Sanchez, Miguel R; Hernandez, Claudia; Kundu, Roopal V; Chiu, Melvin; Roberts, Wendy E; Draelos, Zoe D; Taylor, Susan C
Patient perspectives on medical photography in dermatology
Leger, Marie C; Wu, Timothy; Haimovic, Adele; Kaplan, Rachel; Sanchez, Miguel; Cohen, David; Leger, Elizabeth A; Stein, Jennifer A
BACKGROUND: Clinical photography enhances medical care, research, and teaching. Empirical data are needed to guide best practices regarding dermatologic photography. OBJECTIVE: To investigate patient opinion about clinical photography and identify demographic factors that influence these opinions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four hundred patients representing a broad range of ages, self-identified ethnic/racial groups, and socioeconomic levels were recruited from 4 dermatology settings in New York City. Patients were administered a survey about perceptions of photography, willingness to allow photographs to be used in a variety of settings, preferences for photographer and photographic equipment, and methods of consent. RESULTS: Eighty-eight percent of patients agreed that photography enhanced their quality of care. Most patients would allow their photographs to be used for medical, teaching, and research purposes with significantly more acceptance when patients were not identifiable. Patients preferred photographs taken by a physician rather than a nurse or student, photographers of the same gender, clinic-owned cameras to personal cameras or cell phones, and written consent to verbal consent. There were significant racial/ethnicity and age-related variations in responses, with white and older patients being more permissive than other groups. CONCLUSION: We use the results of this study to recommend best practices for photography in dermatology.
Papulonodular mucinosis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome
Desai, Sheetal; Korta, Dorota Z; Patel, Rishi R; Sanchez, Miguel R
The skin is one of the target organs most commonly affected in lupus erythematosus (LE) and a wide range of cutaneous changes have been described in LE patients. Papulonodular mucinosis (PNM) in particular is an uncommon cutaneous manifestation of LE. We discuss the case of a 26-year-old Senegalese woman with systemic LE and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) who presented with pruritic papules on her back and extremities that appeared when she was on vacation in Africa and non-compliant with medications. Histopathologic examination was consistent with PNM. The patient was treated with mycophenolate mofetil and hydroxychloroquine, with subjective relief in pruritis at 6-week follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first case of PNM presenting in a patient with both SLE and APS. Whether APS contributes to the pathogenesis of PNM is currently unknown.
Skin cancer and photoprotection in people of color: A review and recommendations for physicians and the public
Agbai, Oma N; Buster, Kesha; Sanchez, Miguel; Hernandez, Claudia; Kundu, Roopal V; Chiu, Melvin; Roberts, Wendy E; Draelos, Zoe D; Bhushan, Reva; Taylor, Susan C; Lim, Henry W
Skin cancer is less prevalent in people of color than in the white population. However, when skin cancer occurs in non-whites, it often presents at a more advanced stage, and thus the prognosis is worse compared with white patients. The increased morbidity and mortality associated with skin cancer in patients of color compared with white patients may be because of the lack of awareness, diagnoses at a more advanced stage, and socioeconomic factors such as access to care barriers. Physician promotion of skin cancer prevention strategies for all patients, regardless of ethnic background and socioeconomic status, can lead to timely diagnosis and treatment. Public education campaigns should be expanded to target communities of color to promote self-skin examination and stress importance of photoprotection, avoidance of tanning bed use, and early skin cancer detection and treatment. These measures should result in reduction or earlier detection of cutaneous malignancies in all communities. Furthermore, promotion of photoprotection practices may reduce other adverse effects of ultraviolet exposure including photoaging and ultraviolet-related disorders of pigmentation.
Racial differences in skin cancer awareness and surveillance practices at a public hospital dermatology clinic
Korta, Dorota Z; Saggar, Vishal; Wu, Timothy P; Sanchez, Miguel
BACKGROUND: Patients from ethnoracial minority groups have lower incidence rates of melanoma compared with whites, but are more likely to have advanced melanomas at diagnosis and lower survival. Infrequent skin cancer screening and poor melanoma awareness may contribute to these disparities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this survey study was to evaluate skin cancer surveillance behaviors and awareness among patients attending a dermatology clinic at a public hospital in New York City. METHODS: Surveys were administered to 152 patients from April to June 2012. RESULTS: In all, 16% of patients previously had a total body skin examination for cancer, 11% were taught by a health care practitioner how to perform skin self-examinations, and 15% perform skin self-examinations. More whites had a total body skin examination compared with minorities (49% vs 5%). Only 33% of patients previously given a diagnosis of skin cancer performed skin self-examinations. Patients possessed a poor ability to recognize features suspicious for melanoma, with minorities (especially Hispanics) performing worse than whites. LIMITATIONS: Small sample size is a limitation. CONCLUSIONS: Few patients engage in skin cancer screening behaviors and their knowledge about melanoma is poor, with minorities demonstrating lower understanding than whites. Our findings emphasize the need for improved patient education about characteristics of melanoma, regardless of race.
Crystal deodorant-induced axillary granulomatous dermatitis [Letter]
Leventhal, Jonathan S; Farhadian, Joshua A; Miller, Kristen E; Tlougan, Brook E; Patel, Rishi R; Sanchez, Miguel R
Lichen planus pigmentosus
Rieder, Evan; Kaplan, Jennifer; Kamino, Hideko; Sanchez, Miguel; Pomeranz, Miriam Keltz
Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is an uncommon variant of lichen planus that tends to occur in middle-aged individuals with darker pigmented skin. Clinical findings include hyperpigmented, brown to gray-brown macules and patches in sun-exposed areas, typically on the head and neck. Histopathologic features include epidermal atrophy, vacuolar degeneration of the basal layer of the epidermis, perivascular lymphohistiocystic infiltrate in the upper dermis, and dermal melanophages. We present a unique case of LPP that was characterized by an atypical initial inflammatory phase and subsequent circinate lesions with central clearing.