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Cardiac allograft vasculopathy in heart transplant recipients from hepatitis C viremic donors

Kadosh, Bernard S; Birs, Antoinette S; Flattery, Erin; Stachel, Maxine; Hong, Kimberly N; Xia, Yuhe; Gidea, Claudia; Aslam, Saima; Razzouk, Louai; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Goldberg, Randal; Rao, Shaline; Pretorius, Victor; Moazami, Nader; Smith, Deane E; Adler, Eric D; Reyentovich, Alex
BACKGROUND:Recent studies suggest the transplantation of Hepatitis C (HCV) hearts from viremic donors is associated with comparable 1 year survival to nonviremic donors. Though HCV viremia is a known risk factor for accelerated atherosclerosis, data on cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) outcomes are limited. We compared the incidence of CAV in heart transplant recipients from HCV viremic donors (nucleic acid amplification test positive; NAT+) compared to non-HCV infected donors (NAT-). METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed annual coronary angiograms with intravascular ultrasound from April 2017 to August 2020 at two large cardiac transplant centers. CAV was graded according to ISHLT guidelines. Maximal intimal thickness (MIT) ≥ 0.5 mm was considered significant for subclinical disease. RESULTS:Among 270 heart transplant recipients (mean age 54; 77% male), 62 patients were transplanted from NAT+ donors. CAV ≥ grade 1 was present in 8.8% of the NAT+ versus 16.8% of the NAT- group at 1 year, 20% versus 28.8% at 2 years, and 33.3% versus 41.5% at 3 years. After adjusting for donor age, donor smoking history, recipient BMI, recipient, hypertension, and recipient diabetes, NAT+ status did not confer increased risk of CAV (HR.80; 95% CI.45-1.40, p = 0.43) or subclinical IVUS disease (HR.87; 95% CI.58-1.30, p = 0.49). Additionally, there was no difference in the presence of rapidly progressive lesions on IVUS. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Our data show that NAT+ donors conferred no increased risk for early CAV or subclinical IVUS disease following transplantation in a cohort of heart transplant patients who were treated for HCV, suggesting the short-term safety of this strategy to maximize the pool of available donor hearts.
PMID: 38545881
ISSN: 1399-0012
CID: 5645082

Feasibility of tele-guided patient-administered lung ultrasound in heart failure

Pratzer, Ariella; Yuriditsky, Eugene; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Janjigian, Michael; Hafiz, Ali; Tsay, Jun Chieh J.; Boodram, Pamela; Jejurikar, Nikita; Sauthoff, Harald
Background: Readmission rates for heart failure remain high, and affordable technology for early detection of heart failure decompensation in the home environment is needed. Lung ultrasound has been shown to be a sensitive tool to detect pulmonary congestion due to heart failure, and monitoring patients in their home environment with lung ultrasound could help to prevent hospital admissions. The aim of this project was to investigate whether patient-performed tele-guided ultrasound in the home environment using an ultraportable device is feasible.Affiliations: Journal instruction requires a country for affiliations; however, these are missing in affiliations [1, 2]. Please verify if the provided country are correct and amend if necessary.Correct Methods: Stable ambulatory patients with heart failure received a handheld ultrasound probe connected to a smart phone or tablet. Instructions for setup were given in person during a clinic visit or over the phone. During each ultrasound session, patients obtained six ultrasound clips from the anterior and lateral chest with verbal and visual tele-guidance from an ultrasound trained clinician. Patients also reported their weight and degree of dyspnea, graded on a 5-point scale. Two independent reviewers graded the ultrasound clips based on the visibility of the pleural line and A or B lines. Results: Eight stable heart failure patients each performed 10"“12 lung ultrasound examinations at home under remote guidance within a 1-month period. There were no major technical difficulties. A total of 89 ultrasound sessions resulted in 534 clips of which 88% (reviewer 1) and 84% (reviewer 2) were interpretable. 91% of ultrasound sessions produced interpretable clips bilaterally from the lateral chest area, which is most sensitive for the detection of pulmonary congestion. The average time to complete an ultrasound session was 5 min with even shorter recording times for the last session. All patients were clinically stable during the study period and no false positive B-lines were observed. Conclusions: In this feasibility study, patients were able to produce interpretable lung ultrasound exams in more than 90% of remotely supervised sessions in their home environment. Larger studies are needed to determine whether remotely guided lung ultrasound could be useful to detect heart failure decompensation early in the home environment.
ISSN: 2524-8987
CID: 5425762

Pig-to-human heart xenotransplantation in two recently deceased human recipients

Moazami, Nader; Stern, Jeffrey M; Khalil, Karen; Kim, Jacqueline I; Narula, Navneet; Mangiola, Massimo; Weldon, Elaina P; Kagermazova, Larisa; James, Les; Lawson, Nikki; Piper, Greta L; Sommer, Philip M; Reyentovich, Alex; Bamira, Daniel; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Kadosh, Bernard S; DiVita, Michael; Goldberg, Randal I; Hussain, Syed T; Chan, Justin; Ngai, Jennie; Jan, Thomas; Ali, Nicole M; Tatapudi, Vasishta S; Segev, Dorry L; Bisen, Shivani; Jaffe, Ian S; Piegari, Benjamin; Kowalski, Haley; Kokkinaki, Maria; Monahan, Jeffrey; Sorrells, Lori; Burdorf, Lars; Boeke, Jef D; Pass, Harvey; Goparaju, Chandra; Keating, Brendan; Ayares, David; Lorber, Marc; Griesemer, Adam; Mehta, Sapna A; Smith, Deane E; Montgomery, Robert A
Genetically modified xenografts are one of the most promising solutions to the discrepancy between the numbers of available human organs for transplantation and potential recipients. To date, a porcine heart has been implanted into only one human recipient. Here, using 10-gene-edited pigs, we transplanted porcine hearts into two brain-dead human recipients and monitored xenograft function, hemodynamics and systemic responses over the course of 66 hours. Although both xenografts demonstrated excellent cardiac function immediately after transplantation and continued to function for the duration of the study, cardiac function declined postoperatively in one case, attributed to a size mismatch between the donor pig and the recipient. For both hearts, we confirmed transgene expression and found no evidence of cellular or antibody-mediated rejection, as assessed using histology, flow cytometry and a cytotoxic crossmatch assay. Moreover, we found no evidence of zoonotic transmission from the donor pigs to the human recipients. While substantial additional work will be needed to advance this technology to human trials, these results indicate that pig-to-human heart xenotransplantation can be performed successfully without hyperacute rejection or zoonosis.
PMID: 37488288
ISSN: 1546-170x
CID: 5595152

Long-term follow-up of acute and chronic rejection in heart transplant recipients from hepatitis C viremic (NAT+) donors

Stachel, Maxine W; Alimi, Marjan; Narula, Navneet; Flattery, Erin E; Xia, Yuhe; Ramachandran, Abhinay; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Smith, Deane; Reyentovich, Alex; Goldberg, Randal; Kadosh, Bernard S; Razzouk, Louai; Katz, Stuart; Moazami, Nader; Gidea, Claudia G
The long-term safety of heart transplants from hepatitis C viremic (NAT+) donors remains uncertain. We conducted a prospective study of all patients who underwent heart transplantation at our center from January 2018 through August 2020. Routine testing was performed to assess for donor-derived cell-free DNA, acute cellular rejection (ACR), antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Allograft dysfunction and mortality were also monitored. Seventy-five NAT- recipients and 32 NAT+ recipients were enrolled in the study. All NAT+ recipients developed viremia detected by PCR, were treated with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir at the time of viremia detection, and cleared the virus by 59 days post-transplant. Patients who underwent NAT testing starting on post-operative day 7 (NAT+ Group 1) had significantly higher viral loads and were viremic for a longer period compared with patients tested on post-operative day 1 (NAT+ Group 2). Through 3.5 years of follow-up, there were no statistically significant differences in timing, severity, or frequency of ACR in NAT+ recipients compared with the NAT- cohort, nor were there differences in noninvasive measures of graft injury, incidence or severity of CAV, graft dysfunction, or mortality. There were five episodes of AMR, all in the NAT- group. There were no statistically significant differences between Group 1 and Group 2 NAT+ cohorts. Overall, these findings underscore the safety of heart transplantation from NAT+ donors.
PMID: 36053676
ISSN: 1600-6143
CID: 5332222

Pre-transplant immune cell function assay as a predictor of early cardiac allograft rejection

Maidman, Samuel D; Gidea, Claudia; Reyentovich, Alex; Rao, Shaline; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Kadosh, Bernard S; Narula, Navneet; Carillo, Julius; Smith, Deane; Moazami, Nader; Katz, Stuart; Goldberg, Randal I
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:ImmuKnow, an immune cell function assay that quantifies overall immune system activity can assist in post-transplant immunosuppression adjustment. However, the utility of pre-transplant ImmuKnow results representing a patient's baseline immune system activity is unknown. This study sought to assess if pre-transplant ImmuKnow results are predictive of rejection at the time of first biopsy in our cardiac transplant population. METHODS:This is a single center, retrospective observational study of consecutive patients from January 1, 2018 to October 1, 2020 who underwent orthotopic cardiac transplantation at NYU Langone Health. Patients were excluded if a pre-transplant ImmuKnow assay was not performed. ImmuKnow results were categorized according to clinical interpretation ranges (low, moderate, and high activity), and patients were divided into two groups: a low activity group versus a combined moderate-high activity group. Pre-transplant clinical characteristics, induction immunosuppression use, early postoperative tacrolimus levels, and first endomyocardial biopsy results were collected for all patients. Rates of clinically significant early rejection (defined as rejection ≥ 1R/1B) were compared between pre-transplant ImmuKnow groups. RESULTS:Of 110 patients who underwent cardiac transplant, 81 had pre-transplant ImmuKnow results. The low ImmuKnow activity group was comprised of 15 patients, and 66 patients were in the combined moderate-high group. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. Early rejection occurred in 0 (0%) patients with low pre-transplant ImmuKnow levels. Among the moderate- high pre-transplant ImmuKnow group, 16 (24.2%) patients experienced early rejection (P = .033). The mean ImmuKnow level in the non-rejection group was the 364.9 ng/ml of ATP compared to 499.3 ng/ml of ATP for those with rejection (P = .020). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Patients with low pre-transplant ImmuKnow levels had lower risk of early rejection when compared with patients with moderate or high levels. Our study suggests a possible utility in performing pre-transplant ImmuKnow to identify patients at-risk for early rejection who may benefit from intensified upfront immunosuppression as well as to recognize those where slower calcineurin inhibitor initiation may be appropriate.
PMID: 35678734
ISSN: 1399-0012
CID: 5279542

Missed Opportunities in Identifying Cardiomyopathy Aetiology Prior to Advanced Heart Failure Therapy

Aiad, Norman; Elnabawai, Youssef A; Li, Boyangzi; Narula, Navneet; Gidea, Claudia; Katz, Stuart D; Rao, Shaline D; Reyentovich, Alex; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Smith, Deane; Moazami, Nader; Pan, Stephen
BACKGROUND:Specific aetiologies of cardiomyopathy can significantly impact treatment options as well as appropriateness and prioritisation for advanced heart failure therapies such as ventricular assist device (VAD) or orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). We reviewed the tissue diagnoses of patients who underwent advanced therapies for heart failure (HF) to identify diagnostic discrepancies. METHODS:This study presents a retrospective cohort of the aetiology of cardiomyopathy in 118 patients receiving either durable VAD or OHT. Discrepancies between the preoperative aetiological diagnosis of cardiomyopathy with the pathological diagnosis were recorded. Echocardiographic and haemodynamic data were reviewed to examine differences in patients with differing aetiological diagnoses. RESULTS:Twelve (12) of 118 (12/118) (10.2%) had a pathological diagnosis that was discordant with pre-surgical diagnosis. The most common missed diagnoses were infiltrative cardiomyopathy (5) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (3). Patients with misidentified aetiology of cardiomyopathy had smaller left ventricular (LV) dimensions on echocardiography than patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (5.8±0.9 vs 6.7±1.1 respectively p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Most HF patients undergoing VAD and OHT had a correct diagnosis for their heart failure prior to treatment, but a missed diagnosis at time of intervention (VAD or OHT) was not uncommon. Smaller LV dimension on echocardiogram in a patient with a non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy warrants further workup for a more specific aetiology.
PMID: 35165053
ISSN: 1444-2892
CID: 5163352

Pharmacist-Led Deprescribing for Patients With Polypharmacy and Chronic Disease States: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Chan, Mabel; Plakogiannis, Roda; Stefanidis, Abraham; Chen, Mandy; Saraon, Tajinderpal
BACKGROUND:Current literature and practice have demonstrated that pharmacists have an integral role in deprescribing. However, research regarding their impact on patients with chronic diseases is limited. OBJECTIVE:To assess the impact of a pharmacist-led intervention on deprescribing inappropriate medication for patients with chronic diseases within a four-month study period compared to patients receiving usual care. METHODS:This study was conducted at NYU Langone Health. Patients of the intervention group were referred by a provider and met the criteria of polypharmacy, required chronic disease states management, were nonadherent to medications, had poor health literacy, or required titration for heart failure (HF) guideline directed medical therapy. RESULTS:A total of 142 patients were reviewed over a two-year period. At the end of the study period, the median number of medications for the two respective groups was similar (11 [4 - 30] vs 11 [2 - 23]). The pharmacist-led intervention had on average one medication deprescribed (m = -1.00, sd = 2.57), whereas the control group had on average .44 additional medications (m = 0.44, sd = 3.32) prescribed. Furthermore, the intervention group presented statistically significant differences (P = 0.046) regarding their diastolic blood pressure after the pharmacists' intervention (m = 72.69, sd = 11.64). Most importantly, patients with HF presented statistically significant improvement in their ejection fractions after the intervention (m = 41.46%, sd = 19.28%). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The pharmacist-led intervention resulted in significant discontinuation of medications for patients in the intervention group compared to those in the usual care group within four-months.
PMID: 35522029
ISSN: 1531-1937
CID: 5216442

Repetitive nonreentrant ventriculoatrial synchrony inducing atrial fibrillation in setting of dofetilide [Case Report]

Garber, Leonid; Shulman, Eric; Kushnir, Alexander; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Park, David S; Chinitz, Larry A
PMID: 35607350
ISSN: 2214-0271
CID: 5232852

Clinical Pharmacist Led Medication Reconciliation Program in an Emergency Department Observation Unit

Cardinale, Stephanie; Saraon, Tajinderpal; Lodoe, Nawang; Alshehry, Abdullah; Raffoul, Melanie; Caspers, Christopher; Vider, Etty
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Medication reconciliation is the process of comparing a patient's hospital medication orders to all of the medications that the patient has been taking prior to admission. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacist-led medication reconciliation in reducing ED visit rates. The secondary aim of this study was to evaluate if a clinical pharmacist reduces medication errors in an ED observation unit (OBS). METHODS:This was a retrospective, IRB approved, chart review conducted at New York University Langone Health-Tisch Hospital. The study defines the year before a clinical pharmacist was present on the unit (July 5, 2016 through July 4, 2017) as the control group and the first year a clinical pharmacist was present on the unit (July 5, 2017 through July 4, 2018) as the intervention group. The primary endpoint was 30-day ED re-visits. The secondary endpoints were 60-and 90-day ED re-visits, number, type and severity of medication history and reconciliation discrepancies. RESULTS:The primary endpoint of 30-day ED visits occurred in 153 patients in the no pharmacist group and 88 patients in the OBS clinical pharmacist group (19.1% vs 9.9%, P < .00001). The secondary endpoint of 60- day ED visits occurred in 53 patients in the no pharmacist group and 39 patients in the OBS clinical pharmacist group (8.2% vs 4.9%, P = .01). The secondary endpoint of 90- day ED visits occurred in 31 patients in the no pharmacist group and 26 patients in the OBS clinical pharmacist group (5.2% vs 3.4%, P = .01). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The benefits of having a clinical pharmacist perform medication reconciliation are highlighted by the reduction in ED visits, cost savings, and the prolific amount of errors corrected.
PMID: 35465767
ISSN: 1531-1937
CID: 5205422

Results of Heart Transplants from Donation After Circulatory Death (DCD) Donors Using Thoraco-Abdominal Normothermic Regional Perfusion (TA-NRP) Compared to Donation After Brain Death ( [Meeting Abstract]

Gidea, C G; James, L; Smith, D; Carillo, J; Reyentovich, A; Saraon, T; Rao, S; Goldberg, R; Kadosh, B; Ngai, J; Piper, G; Narula, N; Moazami, N
Purpose: In the U.S., heart transplantation from donation after circulatory death (DCD) is increasing. We present our institutional experience of DCD transplantation by using a thoracoabdominal-normothermic regional perfusion (TA-NRP) protocol and compare the results to a cohort concomitantly transplanted, from standard brain death (
ISSN: 1557-3117
CID: 5240352