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Comparison of radiation exposure and clinical outcomes between transradial and transfemoral diagnostic cerebral approaches: a retrospective study

Amankwah, Curtis; Lombardo, Lauren; Rutledge, John; Sattar, Ahsan; Chancellor, Bree; Altschul, Dorothea
Objective/UNASSIGNED:To identify and compare patient and procedural variables that are associated with a high radiation dose exposure and worse clinical outcomes between transradial arterial (TRA) and transfemoral arterial (TFA) approaches. Design/UNASSIGNED:This was a retrospective analysis. Setting/UNASSIGNED:A community hospital during the initial phase of adopting a TRA-first approach. Participants/UNASSIGNED:A resultant 215 subjects who only underwent diagnostic cerebral angiograms (DCA) after excluding all therapeutic procedures and patients under 18 years. Interventions/UNASSIGNED:Only DCA from 1 May 2018 to 31 January 2021. Main outcome measures/UNASSIGNED:We compared radiation exposure parameters (total fluoroscopy time (FT), total radiation dose (TD) and dose area product (DAP), number of vessels injected and Patient-Reported Global Health Physical and Mental Outcome Scores (PROGHS) at 30 days postprocedure between groups. Results/UNASSIGNED:FT was significantly greater in TRA compared with TFA (p<0.001). In addition, TRA had a significantly higher TD (p=0.002) and DAP (p=0.005) when compared with TFA. Analysis of only 6-vessel DCAs also showed that TRA had a significantly higher FT, DAP and TD in comparison to TFA. Despite observing a longer FT in TRA, results showed fewer vessels injected and a notably lower success rate in acquiring a 6-vessel DCA using the TRA. Further analysis of the effect of vessel number on FT using general linear models showed that with every increase of one vessel, the FT increases by 2.2 min for TRA (p<0.001; 95% CI 1.03 to 3.36) and by 1.3 min for TFA (p<0.001; 95% CI 0.72 to 1.83). There was no significant difference between groups in PROGHS mental and physical t-scores at 30 days postprocedure, even though our cohort showed a significantly greater percentage of TRA procedures done in the outpatient setting. Conclusions/UNASSIGNED:Adopting a TRA first approach for DCAs may be initially associated with a higher radiation dose for the patient. Better strategies and devices are needed to mitigate this effect.
PMID: 35128397
ISSN: 2631-4940
CID: 5158682

Capsaicin: Plants of the Genus Capsicum and Positive Effect of Oriental Spice on Skin Health

Basharat, Shahnai; Gilani, Syed Amir; Iftikhar, Faiza; Murtaza, Mian Anjum; Basharat, Ayesha; Sattar, Ahsan; Qamar, Muhammad Mustafa; Ali, Muhammad
BACKGROUND:Capsaicin, the main pungent ingredient in hot chili peppers, causes excitation of small sensory neurons. It also provides the basic pungent flavor in Capsicum fruits. SUMMARY/CONCLUSIONS:Capsaicin plays a vital role as an agonist for the TRPV1 (transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1) receptor. TRPV1 is essential for the reduction of oxidative stress, pain sensations, and inflammation. Therefore, it has many pros related to health issue. Activation and positive impact of TRPV1 via capsaicin has been studied in various dermatological conditions and in other skin-related issues. Past studies documented that capsaicin plays a vital role in the prevention of atopic dermatitis as well as psoriasis. Moreover, TRPV1 is also very important for skin health because it acts as a capsaicin receptor. It is found in nociceptive nerve fibers and nonneural structures. It prompts the release of a compound that is involved in communicating pain between the spinal cord nerves and other parts of the body. Key Messages: Here, we summarize the growing evidence for the beneficial role of capsaicin and TRPV1 and how they help in the relief of skin diseases such as inflammation, permeation, dysfunction, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis and in pain amplification syndrome.
PMID: 33401283
ISSN: 1660-5535
CID: 4746282

Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device: A Single-Center Experience with Long-Term Follow-Up

Sultan-Qurraie, Ali; Sattar, Ahsan; Wazni, Wled; Noufal, Mazen; Zaidat, Osama
Introduction/UNASSIGNED:The pipeline embolization device (PED) is increasingly used in the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. Longitudinal data regarding safety and benefit of the PED in anterior communicating (ACOM) artery aneurysms are limited and particularly lacking in residual ACOM artery aneurysms. We report the use of the PED in 3 patients with ACOM artery aneurysms who were previously coiled. Methods/UNASSIGNED:Three patients with ACOM artery aneurysms, all previously treated with coiling and with recurrence of the aneurysm neck, were treated with the PED. All obtained follow-up diagnostic cerebral angiograms at either 3 or 6 months. Results/UNASSIGNED:Mean age of patients was 59 years. All patients received cerebral angiograms at a minimum of 3 months after treatment with the PED. Follow-up angiography was performed up to a mean of 10 months at which time point all cases demonstrated complete aneurysm occlusion, without any stenosis in the parent artery. Conclusion/UNASSIGNED:The PED can be safely used for the treatment of ACOM artery aneurysms. Complete aneurysm obliteration can be achieved in cases refractory to endovascular coiling. These findings warrant replication in a larger data set.
PMID: 29118789
ISSN: 1664-9737
CID: 4745472

Early Carotid Revascularization Reduces Readmission for Recurrent Ischemic Stroke in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients: Analysis of United States Nationwide Readmissions Database [Meeting Abstract]

Chaudhry, Saqib; Gheith, Tariq; Gu, Shitong; Afzal, Mohammad-Rauf; Rahman, Haseeb; Riaz, Ahmed; Sachdeva, Gautham; Sattar, Ahsan; Razak, Anmar; Qureshi, Adnan
ISSN: 0028-3878
CID: 4745492

Consecutive Endovascular Treatment of 20 Ruptured Very Small (<3 mm) Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms

Asif, Kaiz S; Sattar, Ahsan; Lazzaro, Marc A; Fitzsimmons, Brian-Fred; Lynch, John R; Zaidat, Osama O
BACKGROUND:Small aneurysms located at the anterior communicating artery carry significant procedural challenges due to a complex anatomy. Recent advances in endovascular technologies have expanded the use of coil embolization for small aneurysm treatment. However, limited reports describe their safety and efficacy profiles in very small anterior communicating artery aneurysms. OBJECTIVE:We sought to review and report the immediate and long-term clinical as well as radiographic outcomes of consecutive patients with ruptured very small anterior communicating artery aneurysms treated with current endovascular coil embolization techniques. METHODS:A prospectively maintained single-institution neuroendovascular database was accessed to identify consecutive cases of very small (<3 mm) ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms treated endovascularly between 2006 and 2013. RESULTS:A total of 20 patients with ruptured very small (<3 mm) anterior communicating artery aneurysms were consecutively treated with coil embolization. The average maximum diameter was 2.66 ± 0.41 mm. Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved for 17 (85%) aneurysms and near-complete aneurysm occlusion for 3 (15%) aneurysms. Intraoperative perforation was seen in 2 (10%) patients without any clinical worsening or need for an external ventricular drain. A thromboembolic event occurred in 1 (5 %) patient without clinical worsening or radiologic infarct. Median clinical follow-up was 12 (±14.1) months and median imaging follow-up was 12 (±18.4) months. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:This report describes the largest series of consecutive endovascular treatments of ruptured very small anterior communicating artery aneurysms. These findings suggest that coil embolization of very small aneurysms in this location can be performed with acceptable rates of complications and recanalization.
PMID: 27610122
ISSN: 1664-9737
CID: 4745462

Outcome Predictors After Successful Intra-Arterial Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke [Meeting Abstract]

Noufal, Mazen; Mankad, Jigar; Lakraj, Amrita Amanda; Cox, John-Andrew; Shirilla, David; Sattar, Ahsan; Wazni, Wled; Sallowm, Yamin; Lynch, John; Zaidat, Osama
ISSN: 0028-3878
CID: 4745502

Frequency of ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis in children with intellectual disability in Lahore, Pakistan & Caregivers Perspective

Imran, Nazish; Azeem, Muhammad Waqar; Sattar, Ahsan; Bhatti, Mohammad Riaz
OBJECTIVE:Association between Intellectual disability (ID) and psychiatric disorders in children & adolescents is well established but there is a paucity of published studies from Pakistan on this topic. The main aim of the study was to assess the frequency of ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis in the hospital outpatient sample of children with ID in Lahore, Pakistan as well as to find out which challenging behaviors, caregivers find difficult to manage in this setup. METHODS:Socio-demographic information was collected, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised & ICD-10 diagnostic criteria was used to assess children (age range 6 - 16 years) with suspected ID along with identification of behaviors found to be difficult to manage by caregivers. RESULTS:150 children were assessed with mean age of 10.7 years (males 70 %). Majority (72%) had mild ID while 18.7% and 9.3% had moderate and severe ID respectively. Thirty percent of children met the criteria for any psychiatric diagnosis, the most common being Oppositional Defiant Disorder (14%) and Hyperkinetic Disorders (10%). Verbal and physical aggression, school difficulties, socialization problems, inappropriate behaviors (e.g. disinhibition), sleep & feeding difficulties were the significant areas identified by the caregivers as a cause of major concern. CONCLUSIONS:Significantly high prevalence of ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis in children with ID was found in Lahore, Pakistan. Support services for these children should be responsive not only to the needs of the child, but also to the needs of the family.
PMID: 26101476
ISSN: 1682-024x
CID: 4746032

Antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar typhi and paratyphi in South Asia-current status, issues and prospects

Akhtar, Saeed; Sarker, Mahfuzur R; Jabeen, Kausar; Sattar, Ahsan; Qamar, Aftab; Fasih, Naima
The human race owes a debt of gratitude to antimicrobial agents, penicillin and its successors that have saved people from tremendous pain and suffering in the last several decades. Unfortunately, this consideration is no more true, as millions of people are prone to the challenging threat of emergence of antimicrobial resistance worldwide and the menace is more distressing in developing countries. Comparable with other bacterial species, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi) and Paratyphi (S. paratyphi) have been evolving multidrug resistance (MDR) against a wide array of antibiotics, including chloramphenicol, ampicillin and co-trimoxazole, and globally affecting 21 million people with 220,000 deaths each year. S. typhi and S. paratyphi infections are also endemic in South Asia and a series of antibiotics used to treat these infections, have been losing efficacy against enteric fever. Currently, quinolones are regarded as a choice to treat MDR Salmonella in these regions. Travel-related cases of enteric fever, especially from South Asian countries are the harbinger of the magnitude of MDR Salmonella in that region. Conclusively, the MDR will continue to grow and the available antimicrobial agents would become obsolete. Therefore, a radical and aggressive approach in terms of rational use of antibiotics during treating infections is essentially needed.
PMID: 24645636
ISSN: 1549-7828
CID: 4746002

Survey of prophylactic antiseizure drug use for non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage

Jensen, Matthew B; Sattar, Ahsan; Al Sherbini, Khalid
OBJECTIVE:Prophylactic antiseizure drugs (PAD) are commonly prescribed for non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) despite limited evidence for this indication. We sought to determine the current prescribing patterns of the use of a PAD for ICH. METHODS:A 36-item survey was distributed to physicians who manage ICH patients soliciting details of PAD prescription in their practice. RESULTS:A total of 199 physicians responded to the survey, all of who manage 50 or more ICH patients per year. The respondents were neurologists (32%), neurosurgeons (11%), and intensivists (57%) in academia (69%) and private practice (31%). Prophylactic antiseizure drugs prescriptions used: never (33%), 1-33% (35%), 34-66% (14%), 67-99% (9%) of the time, or always (9%). Most respondents performed electroencephalographic and serum level monitoring in at least some patients. Levetiracetam was used most often (60%), followed by fosphenytoin (37%), for a usual duration of days (36%), weeks (47%), or months (17%). Prophylactic antiseizure drugs prescription varied by patient characteristics and physician specialty. Perception of physician community consensus regarding PAD use for ICH among respondents ranged from strongly (7%) or weakly (23%) against the practice, to a fairly equal division of opinion (41%), to weakly (27%) or strongly (4%) in favor of the practice. CONCLUSIONS:We found variability of multiple aspects of the current prescribing patterns and opinions regarding the use of a PAD for ICH. This variability is likely secondary to insufficient data. Clinical equipoise exists for this issue, and controlled trials would be both justified and useful.
PMID: 23582711
ISSN: 1743-1328
CID: 4745452

Systematic review of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome

Sattar, Ahsan; Manousakis, Georgios; Jensen, Matthew B
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a cerebrovascular disorder associated with multifocal arterial constriction and dilation. RCVS is associated with nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, pregnancy and exposure to certain drugs. The primary clinical manifestation is recurrent sudden-onset and severe (&#x2018;thunderclap&#x2019;) headaches over 1&#x2013;3 weeks, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia, confusion and blurred vision. The primary diagnostic dilemma is distinguishing RCVS from primary CNS arteritis. Diagnosis requires demonstration of the characteristic &#x2018;string of beads&#x2019; on cerebral angiography with resolution within 1&#x2013;3 months, although many patients will initially have normal vascular imaging. Many treatments have been reported to ameliorate the headaches of RCVS, but it is unclear whether they prevent hemorrhagic or ischemic complications.
PMID: 20936928
ISSN: 1744-8344
CID: 4745482