Racial and ethnic determinants of psoriatic arthritis phenotypes and disease activity
OBJECTIVE:Individuals of racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds are underrepresented in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) research/clinical trials, despite evidence that their disease presentation, severity and course may be distinct. Here we aim to describe how race, ethnicity and other socioeconomic factors inform disease characteristics in PsA. METHODS:817 consecutive patients with PsA from a large, diverse metropolitan area, were enrolled in an observational, longitudinal registry. Demographics, medical history, medication use, and psoriatic disease phenotype and activity were all recorded and analyzed. RESULTS:The population was 77.4% non-Hispanic White, 2.2% Black, 7.1% Asian, and 9.9% identified as other races or multiracial, and 11.8% identified as Hispanic. Hispanic and non-White individuals had higher tender joint counts (p= 0.033) with similar swollen joint counts (p= 0.308) and medication use (p= 0.171). They also had high rates of radiographic axial disease. Hispanic individuals were significantly more likely to have higher tender joint counts (p= 0.029), higher RAPID3 scores (p= 0.004), and moderate-severe psoriasis (p= 0.010) compared with non-Hispanic White individuals. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:In this diverse cohort, 22.6% of patients identified as underrepresented racial and/or ethnic groups, mostly Asian or Hispanic. Despite similar swollen joint counts and medication use, non-white individuals have higher tender joint counts compared with white individuals. Phenotypically, they also were more likely to have radiographic axial involvement. These findings may reflect differences in PsA presentation, experience and outcomes in individuals of various racial and ethnic groups, which need to be taken into consideration in clinical care and research design.
SHORT CHAIN FATTY ACIDS MITIGATE OSTEOCLAST-MEDIATED ARTHRITIC BONE REMODELLING
OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs) on arthritic bone remodeling. METHODS:CD4Cre mice, with SCFA supplemented water. We also performed in vitro osteoclast differentiation assays in the presence of serum-level SCFAs to evaluate the direct impact of these microbial metabolites on maturation and function of osteoclasts. We further characterized the molecular mechanism of SCFAs by transcriptional analysis. RESULTS:CD4Cre mice. Further interrogation revealed that bone marrow derived OCPs from diseased mice expressed a higher level of SCFA receptors than that of control mice and that the progenitor cells in the bone marrow of SCFA-treated mice presented a modified transcriptomic landscape, suggesting a direct impact of SCFAs on bone marrow progenitors in the context of osteoporosis. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:We demonstrated how gut microbiota-derived SCFAs can regulate distal pathology, i.e., osteoporosis, and identified a potential therapeutic option for restoring bone density in rheumatic disease, further highlighting the critical role of the gut-bone axis in these disorders.
Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with multiple biologic failure in psoriasis: A 2015-2022 prospective cohort analysis of the CorEvitas psoriasis registry
BACKGROUND:Psoriasis patients with poor therapeutic response to multiple biologic agents are not well-characterized. OBJECTIVE:To describe the characteristics associated with development of multiple biologic failure (MBF) versus good clinical response (GR) to the first biologic. METHODS:This prospective cohort analysis evaluated patients in the multicenter CorEvitas Psoriasis Registry who initiated their first biologic between 2015 and 2020 and were followed for ≥24 months. Multivariable logistic regression identified sociodemographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcomes that differed between MBF (discontinued ≥2 biologics of different classes, each used for ≥90 days, due to inadequate efficacy) and GR (continued use of first biologic for ≥2 years) patients. RESULTS:One thousand thirty-nine patients were analyzed (490 GR [47.2%], 65 MBF [6.3%]). Female sex, shorter psoriasis duration, earlier year of biologic initiation, prior nonbiologic systemic therapy use, history of hyperlipidemia, and Medicaid insurance were significantly associated with MBF, though the latter 2 variables exhibited wider confidence intervals, indicating a lower level of support. The first-to-second biologic sequence most observed with MBF was Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor to IL-17 inhibitor use. LIMITATIONS/CONCLUSIONS:Biologic adherence between visits was not evaluated. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Approximately 6% of psoriasis patients met MBF criteria. The results identify characteristics associated with MBF that may distinguish patients warranting more frequent follow-up.
Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Clinics Multicenter Advancement Network Consortium (PPACMAN) 2021 Annual Meeting Proceedings
The Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Clinics Multicenter Advancement Network (PPACMAN) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to optimize the clinical care of patients with psoriatic disease through multidisciplinary collaboration models. The PPACMAN 2021 Annual Meeting was held virtually on December 11, 2021. In all, 50 stakeholders participated in the meeting including dermatologists, rheumatologists, cardiologists, clinical researchers, patient advocacy representatives, and industry representatives. During the opening session of the meeting, presenters provided an update of several research projects dedicated to predicting and preventing psoriatic arthritis (PsA) such as the Psorcast, PAMPA, HIPPOCRATES, and the ELLIPSS studies. The second session centered around novel approaches to deliver multidisciplinary care in psoriatic disease. PPACMAN leadership introduced its wellness program and invited speakers to discuss new advances in cardiovascular disease, sleep disturbance, mental health problems, and dietary interventions in psoriatic disease. The final session of the meeting focused on how to improve patient engagement in their disease and care.
A Joint Effort: Improving the Identification of Spondyloarthritis in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease [Editorial]
In individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) represent a significant burden of illness, with reported prevalence rates of up to 50%.1 Of the various types of EIMs, the most commonly involved organ system is the musculoskeletal system.
Spatial transcriptomics stratifies psoriatic disease severity by emergent cellular ecosystems
Whereas the cellular and molecular features of human inflammatory skin diseases are well characterized, their tissue context and systemic impact remain poorly understood. We thus profiled human psoriasis (PsO) as a prototypic immune-mediated condition with a high predilection for extracutaneous involvement. Spatial transcriptomics (ST) analyses of 25 healthy, active lesion, and clinically uninvolved skin biopsies and integration with public single-cell transcriptomics data revealed marked differences in immune microniches between healthy and inflamed skin. Tissue-scale cartography further identified core disease features across all active lesions, including the emergence of an inflamed suprabasal epidermal state and the presence of B lymphocytes in lesional skin. Both lesional and distal nonlesional samples were stratified by skin disease severity and not by the presence of systemic disease. This segregation was driven by macrophage-, fibroblast-, and lymphatic-enriched spatial regions with gene signatures associated with metabolic dysfunction. Together, these findings suggest that mild and severe forms of PsO have distinct molecular features and that severe PsO may profoundly alter the cellular and metabolic composition of distal unaffected skin sites. In addition, our study provides a valuable resource for the research community to study spatial gene organization of healthy and inflamed human skin.
Prevention of psoriatic arthritis: the next frontier
Alterations in the cutaneous microbiome of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis reveal similarities between non-lesional and lesional skin
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To investigate the cutaneous microbiome spanning the entire psoriatic disease spectrum, and to evaluate distinguishing features of psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS:Skin swabs were collected from upper and lower extremities of healthy individuals and patients with PsO and PsA. Psoriatic patients contributed both lesional (L) and contralateral non-lesional (NL) samples. Microbiota were analysed using 16S rRNA sequencing. RESULTS:was higher in NL PsA samples compared with NL PsO samples (p<0.05), potentially serving as a biomarker for disease progression. CONCLUSIONS:These findings show differences in diversity, bacterial composition and microbe-microbe interactions between healthy and psoriatic skin, both L and NL. We further identified bacterial biomarkers that differentiate disease phenotypes, which could potentially aid in predicting the transition from PsO to PsA.
Prevention of psoriatic arthritis: the next frontier
Paradoxical Effects of Depression on Psoriatic Arthritis Outcomes in a Combined Psoriasis-Psoriatic Arthritis Center
Backgroud: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic, inflammatory arthritis that, when left untreated, can lead to erosions, deformities and decrease in quality of life. PsA is known to be associated with multiple comorbidities, including cardiovascular, metabolic and mental health syndromes, all of which can increase its overall morbidity and mortality. Objective: To characterize a cohort of patients with PsA and understand the impact of depression on PsA outcome measures. Methods: 527 consecutive patients with PsA were enrolled in an observational, longitudinal registry that followed them prospectively at standard of care visits. Demographics, medical history, medication use, and clinical exam were all recorded. Results: Depression was reported in 22.8% of the population, anxiety in 18%, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in 4%. Depression was more common in female participants (P <.001). At baseline, individuals with PsA and concomitant depression had similar tender and swollen joint counts and RAPID3 compared to those without depression, and had lower body surface area affected by psoriasis (P =.04). At year one, all patients had improvement in clinical outcomes. However, patients with depression had a significantly higher tender joint count compared to those without depression (P =.001), despite similar swollen joint count and body surface area. Conclusion: In patients with depression, there is a discrepancy between improvement in physician assessed measures and patient reported outcomes. These observations underscore the importance of addressing depression and psychological distress as part of PsA treatment outcomes and points towards the need to address residual pain through co-adjuvant approaches.