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The Ethics of Telemedicine

Campbell, Kirk A; Bosco, Joseph A; Shah, Mehul R; Bosco, Joseph A
PMID: 34081881
ISSN: 2328-5273
CID: 4891842

Primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: perioperative considerations and complications

Nadarajah, Vidushan; Roach, Ryan; Ganta, Abhishek; Alaia, Michael J; Shah, Mehul R
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are among the most commonly studied orthopaedic injuries. Despite having an excellent prognosis, complications do occur. The timely recognition and management of complications is imperative to ensure the success of reconstruction. Avoiding such complications requires thorough preoperative planning, proficient technical skills to properly manage intraoperative complications, and an extensive knowledge of possible postoperative complications.
PMID: 28276989
ISSN: 2326-3660
CID: 2477192

Type ii slap tear in a 50-year-old recreational athlete treated with biceps tenodesis

Chapter by: Begly, John P.; Shah, Mehul
in: The Biceps and Superior Labrum Complex: A Clinical Casebook by
[S.l.] : Springer International Publishing, 2017
pp. 145-158
ISBN: 9783319549323
CID: 3030332

Synovial Hemangioma Presenting as a Painful Locked Knee A Case Report

Begly, John P; Rapp, Timothy B; Shah, Mehul R
A 39-year-old man presented to orthopaedic care with a painful, fully locked knee. Workup revealed free intraarticular nodules, which were subsequently arthroscopically removed and identified to be synovial hemangioma. To the investigators' knowledge, this is the second reported case of synovial hemangioma presenting as a painful, definitively locked knee. Synovial hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of knee pain, particularly after more common diagnoses have been ruled out. Efficient and appropriate diagnosis and treatment may result in favorable patient outcomes and avoid long-term disability and dysfunction.
PMID: 27815956
ISSN: 2328-5273
CID: 2357572

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Distinct Shared Decision-Making Aids for Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis in an Ethnically Diverse Patient Population

Shue, Jennifer; Karia, Raj J; Cardone, Dennis; Samuels, Jonathan; Shah, Mehul; Slover, James D
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of decision aids for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) regarding the potential risks and benefits of different treatment options. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted of 147 patients with advanced hip or knee OA to compare the effect of two decision aids (booklet-only vs. booklet with DVD). RESULTS: Both decision aid programs were well received and demonstrated improvements in patient knowledge and willingness to participate in treatment decisions. The decision aids, however, had a marginal effect on patient willingness to participate in OA management, with an increase of 0.11 and 0.6 on a scale of 2 (P = 0.58) between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The decision aids were accepted for most patients and effective in improving patient knowledge and willingness to participate in the decision process. Nevertheless, the addition of a more expensive DVD to the booklet program did not improve patient acceptance or knowledge.
PMID: 27325341
ISSN: 1524-4733
CID: 2157932

The utility of plain radiographs in the initial evaluation of knee pain amongst sports medicine patients

Alaia, Michael J; Khatib, Omar; Shah, Mehul; A Bosco, Joseph; M Jazrawi, Laith; Strauss, Eric J
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether screening radiographs as part of the initial workup of knee pain impacts clinical decision-making in a sports medicine practice. METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by the attending orthopaedic surgeon following the initial office visit for 499 consecutive patients presenting to the sports medicine centre with a chief complaint of knee pain. The questionnaire documented patient age, duration of symptoms, location of knee pain, associated mechanical symptoms, history of trauma within the past 2 weeks, positive findings on plain radiographs, whether magnetic resonance imaging was ordered, and whether plain radiographs impacted the management decisions for the patient. Patients were excluded if they had prior X-rays, history of malignancy, ongoing pregnancy, constitutional symptoms as well as those patients with prior knee surgery or intra-articular infections. Statistical analyses were then performed to determine which factors were more likely do correspond with diagnostic radiographs. RESULTS: Overall, initial screening radiographs did not change management in 72 % of the patients assessed in the office. The mean age of patients in whom radiographs did change management was 57.9 years compared to 37.1 years in those patients where plain radiograph did not change management (p < 0.0001). Plain radiographs had no impact on clinical management in 97.3 % of patients younger than 40. In patients whom radiographs did change management, radiographs were more likely to influence management if patients were over age forty, had pain for over 6 months, had medial or diffuse pain, or had mechanical symptoms. A basic cost analysis revealed that the cost of a clinically useful radiographic series in a patient under 40 years of age was $7,600, in contrast to $413 for a useful series in patients above the age of 40. CONCLUSION: Data from the current study support the hypothesis that for the younger patient population, routine radiographic imaging as a screening tool may be of little clinical benefit. Factors supporting obtaining screening radiographs include age greater than 40, knee pain for greater than 6 months, the presence of medial or diffuse knee pain, and the presence of mechanical symptoms. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.
PMID: 24832691
ISSN: 0942-2056
CID: 996492

Management of focal cartilage defects in the knee - Is ACI the answer?

Strauss, Eric J; Fonseca, Lauren E; Shah, Mehul R; Yorum, Thomas
Injuries to the articular cartilage of the knee are common. They alter the normal distribution of weightbearing forces and predispose patients to the development of degenerative joint disease. The management of focal chondral lesions continues to be problematic for the treating orthopaedic surgeon. Although many treatment options are currently available, none fulfill the criteria for an ideal repair solution: a hyaline repair tissue that completely fills the defect and integrates well with the surrounding normal cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a relatively new cell-based treatment method for full-thickness cartilage injuries that in recent years has increased in popularity, with early studies showing promising results. The current article reviews the nature of cartilage lesions in the knee and the treatment modalities utilized in their management, focusing on the role ACI plays in the surgical treatment of these complex injuries
PMID: 21332441
ISSN: 1936-9727
CID: 128797

Femoroacetabular impingement--diagnosis and treatment

Kaplan, Kevin M; Shah, Mehul R; Youm, Thomas
Femoroacetabular impingement results from an abnormal contact between the femur and the pelvis. This abnormal contact leads to developmental changes in the femoral neck, labrum, and acetabulum. Secondary to the altered hip joint mechanics, chondral damage occurs and initiates the degenerative process, eventually leading to osteoarthritis. Numerous etiologies have been implicated in femoroacetabular impingement, and a variety of treatment algorithms have been established, with no definitive gold standard. However, the treatment of this disorder with joint preserving techniques offers a viable option between the extremes of nonoperative treatment and total joint arthroplasty
PMID: 20632980
ISSN: 1936-9727
CID: 111376

Initial loop and knot security of arthroscopic knots using high-strength sutures

Shah, Mehul R; Strauss, Eric J; Kaplan, Kevin; Jazrawi, Laith; Rosen, Jeffrey
Purpose: There are many options for arthroscopic knots including the type of knot and suture material used. The current investigation evaluated knot properties using 3 high-strength suture materials tied in 5 common arthroscopic knot configurations. Methods: Four arthroscopic sliding knots including the Roeder, Weston, SMC, and Tennessee Slider and an arthroscopic nonsliding Surgeon's knot were evaluated. Each knot was tied with each of 3 No. 2 polyblended suture types (Fiberwire [Arthrex, Naples, FL], Ultrabraid [Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA], and Orthocord [Mitek, Raynham, MA]). Each configuration was tied 8 times, for a total of 120 samples. Loop security and knot security were then evaluated by using a previously described protocol comparing the different knot types and suture material. Results: With respect to loop security, Orthocord performed better than the other tested suture materials, producing on average smaller knot loops. For the nonsliding Surgeon's knot, there was no difference in loop security observed between suture types. For the Roeder knot, Fiberwire had superior knot security compared with Ultrabraid and Orthocord (P < .001). For the Weston knot, Ultrabraid showed superior knot security compared with Orthocord (P < .02). Knot security for the Tenessee slider knot was better for both Fiberwire and Ultrabraid compared with Orthocord (P < .001, respectively). Similar results were seen with the SMC knot, with Fiberwire and Ultrabraid outperforming Orthocord (P < .001, respectively). The nonsliding Surgeon's knot had significantly lower mean loads to failure compared with arthroscopic sliding knots for each tested suture material (P < .02 for all comparisons). Conclusions: Loop security and knot security varied depending on the type of knot tied and suture material used. Arthroscopic sliding knots performed better than the nonsliding Surgeon's knot. Clinical Relevance: Surgeons should try to use sliding knots instead of Surgeon's knots when using polyblend suture material. Differences between the brands in this suture category will change the characteristics of the knots thrown and may ultimately affect tissue fixation
PMID: 17681211
ISSN: 1526-3231
CID: 73341

Articular cartilage restoration of the knee

Shah, Mehul R; Kaplan, Kevin M; Meislin, Robert J; Bosco, Joseph A 3rd
Articular cartilage defects are common and play a significant role in degenerative joint disease. Cartilage is unable to regenerate, secondary to an inherent lack of vascular supply, thus, various techniques have been described in an attempt to treat and potentially restore these defects. Treatment decisions should be based on appropriate evaluation and classification of the pathology. Only then can the surgeon choose to perform a repair or a restoration of the articular surface. Current literature and techniques for the treatment of articular cartilage defects are reviewed, with an algorithm developed for the management of articular cartilage defects by orthopaedic surgeons.
PMID: 17539762
ISSN: 1936-9719
CID: 73027