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Estimating lifetime risk for breast cancer as a screening tool for identifying those who would benefit from additional services among women utilizing mobile mammography

Wetmore, John B; Otarola, Lyshsae; Paulino, Lewis J; Henry, Brittney R; Levine, Alec F; Kone, Djeneba; Ulloa, Jennifer; Jandorf, Lina; Margolies, Laurie; Vang, Suzanne
BACKGROUND:To estimate lifetime risk of breast cancer among women utilizing mobile mammography and to determine the proportion that might benefit from additional services, such as genetic counseling and educational programs. METHODS:Retrospective analysis of electronic health records for 2214 women screened for breast cancer on a mobile mammography van was conducted. Participants answered questions about their demographic characteristics, breast health, and family history of cancer. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the odds of being recommended for additional services by the Tyrer-Cuzick (TC) lifetime risk score. RESULTS:The average TC ten-year risk score was 2.76 % ± 2.01 %, and the average TC lifetime risk score was 7.30 % ± 4.80 %. Using lifetime risk scores ≥ 10 %, it was determined that 444 patients (20.23 %) could be referred to additional services. Less than one percent of patients had been tested for the BRCA genes previously. The odds of being recommended for additional services by the TC model were significantly greater among those who were eligible for the New York Cancer Services Program (i.e., a proxy for lack of insurance) when compared to those who were ineligible (OR=1.31, 95 % CI: 1.03-1.66). After adjustment, screening borough and race/ethnicity were not significantly associated with being recommended for services. CONCLUSION:Genetic counseling and education are some of the tools available to promote awareness and early detection of breast cancer; however, screening guidelines do not mandate genetic counseling or referrals for individuals at high-risk. POLICY SUMMARY:Patients and providers should have discussions about predicted TC lifetime risk scores at follow-up breast cancer screening appointments, as this is a missed opportunity to improve care at both fixed sites and mobile clinics.
PMID: 35995395
ISSN: 2213-5383
CID: 5403882

Delays in Follow-up Care for Abnormal Mammograms in Mobile Mammography Versus Fixed-Clinic Patients

Vang, Suzanne S; Dunn, Alexandra; Margolies, Laurie R; Jandorf, Lina
BACKGROUND:Mobile mammographic services (MM) have been shown to increase breast cancer screening in medically underserved women. However, little is known about MM patients' adherence to follow-up of abnormal mammograms and how this compares with patients from traditional, fixed clinics. OBJECTIVES:To assess delays in follow-up of abnormal mammograms in women screened using MM versus fixed clinics. DESIGN:Electronic medical record review of abnormal screening mammograms. SUBJECTS:Women screened on a MM van or at a fixed clinic with an abnormal radiographic result in 2019 (N = 1,337). MAIN MEASURES:Our outcome was delay in follow-up of an abnormal mammogram of 60 days or greater. Guided by Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Utilization, we assessed the following: predisposing (age, ethnicity, marital status, preferred language), enabling (insurance, provider referral, clinic site), and need (personal breast cancer history, family history of breast/ovarian cancer) factors. KEY RESULTS:Only 45% of MM patients had obtained recommended follow-up within 60 days of an abnormal screening compared to 72% of fixed-site patients (p < .001). After adjusting for predisposing, enabling, and need factors, MM patients were 2.1 times more likely to experience follow-up delays than fixed-site patients (CI: 1.5-3.1; p < .001). African American (OR: 1.5; CI: 1.0-2.1; p < .05) and self-referred (OR: 1.8; CI: 1.2-2.8; p < .01) women were significantly more likely to experience delays compared to Non-Hispanic White women or women with a provider referral, respectively. Women who were married (OR: 0.63; CI: 0.5-0.9; p < .01), had breast cancer previously (OR: 0.37; CI: 0.2-0.8; p < .05), or had a family history of breast/ovarian cancer (OR: 0.76; CI: 0.6-0.9; p < .05) were less likely to experience delayed care compared to unmarried women, women with no breast cancer history, or women without a family history of breast/ovarian cancer, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:A substantial proportion of women screened using MM had follow-up delays. Women who are African American, self-referred, or unmarried are particularly at risk of experiencing delays in care for an abnormal mammogram.
PMID: 35212876
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 5403872

A Nationwide Comparison of the Provision of Ambulatory Care Services to Those Living With and Without Cancer, 2016-2018 [Letter]

Wang, Christina P; Knowlton, Harrison; Kee, Dustin; Vang, Suzanne; Mazumdar, Madhu; Agarwal, Parul
PMID: 38498290
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 5640132

A Community-Based Survey of Colorectal Cancer Screening Behaviors in Chinese Immigrants Residing in a Major Metropolitan Area

Vang, Suzanne; Wang, Christina P; Cheung, Aaron J; Lin, Jenny J; Jandorf, Lina H
ISSN: 2577-2228
CID: 5556762

Screening Mammogram Adherence in Medically Underserved Women: Does Language Preference Matter?

Vang, Suzanne; Margolies, Laurie R; Jandorf, Lina
This study examines the relationship between language preference and screening mammogram adherence in medically underserved women in New York City. A survey was conducted with 518 women age 40 and over attending breast health education programs in English, Spanish, Chinese (Mandarin/Cantonese), and French. Women who preferred Chinese were 53% less likely to have had a mammogram within the past year compared to women who preferred English (p < .01). Women age 75 and older (p < .0001) and those without insurance (p < .05) were also found to be significantly less likely to have had a screening mammogram compared to women ages 55-74 and those with private insurance, respectively. This research indicates medically underserved women who prefer a non-English language may benefit from linguistically appropriate interventions to improve screening mammogram adherence. Future research should examine appropriateness of breast cancer screening for women age 75 and older and explore ways to improve screening mammogram use in the uninsured population.
PMID: 33169336
ISSN: 1543-0154
CID: 5403862

Do older adult cancer survivors experience worse health-related quality of life in comparison to middle-aged cancer survivors? A secondary data analysis of the 2014 behavioral risk factor surveillance study

Vang, Suzanne Sharry
ISSN: 2456-8139
CID: 5403902

Social Engagement and Subjective Well-Being in Older Adults Newly Diagnosed with Cancer

Vang, Suzanne
Cancer and its treatment can precipitate a range of physical and psychological health issues, particularly in old age. Older adult cancer patients have reported experiencing heightened levels of anxiety, depression, and isolation. The current study aims to understand the role of social engagement in influencing older adult cancer patients’ subjective well-being through a Stress and Coping Framework lens. Using National Health and Aging Trends Study data, this research examines frequency of social engagement and its relationship with subjective well-being. Results indicate that greater social engagement improves subjective well-being in older adult cancer patients. Respondents who are unmarried and experiencing greater anxiety and depressive symptoms are at risk of having poor subjective well-being. Efforts to improve subjective well-being in older adults with cancer should consider promoting social engagement. Special attention should be paid to older adult cancer patients who are unmarried or experiencing elevated anxiety or depressive symptoms. Greater research should examine the mechanisms by which social engagement might impact subjective well-being and how this might vary among different racial/ethnic groups.
ISSN: 2790-4008
CID: 5556752

Contextual Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adult Cancer Survivors

Vang, Suzanne
ISSN: 2640-1037
CID: 5403892

Developing a Culturally and Linguistically Targeted Breast Cancer Educational Program for a Multicultural Population

Fung, Jenny; Vang, Suzanne; Margolies, Laurie R; Li, Alicia; Blondeau-Lecomte, Esther; Li, Alice; Jandorf, Lina
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women in the USA. Despite the availability of screening mammograms, significant disparities still exist in breast cancer outcomes of racial/ethnic and sexual/gender minorities. To address these disparities, the Mount Sinai Mobile Breast Health Program in New York City collaborated with local organizations to develop culturally and linguistically appropriate breast cancer education programs aimed at increasing screening mammogram utilization. Literature review of the barriers to mammography screening formed the basis to allow us to draft a narrative presentation for each targeted cultural group: African American, African-born, Chinese, Latina, and Muslim women, as well as LGBTQ individuals. The presentations were then tested with focus groups comprised of gatekeepers and members from local community and faith-based organizations which served the targeted populations. Feedback from focus groups and gatekeepers was incorporated into the presentations, and if necessary, the presentations were translated. Subsequently, the presentations were re-tested for appropriateness and reviewed for consistency in message, design, educational information, and slide sequencing. Our experience demonstrated the importance of collaborating with community organizations to provide educational content that is culturally and linguistically appropriate for minority groups facing barriers to uptake of screening mammography.
PMID: 31713105
ISSN: 1543-0154
CID: 5403842

Racial/ethnic differences in supplemental imaging for breast cancer screening in women with dense breasts

Ezratty, Charlotte; Vang, Suzanne; Brown, Jordonna; Margolies, Laurie R; Jandorf, Lina; Lin, Jenny J
BACKGROUND:Mammography is limited when analyzing dense breasts for 2 reasons: (1) breast density masks underlying cancers and (2) breast density is an independent risk factor for cancer. We undertook this study to assess whether there is a racial/ethnic difference in supplemental image ordering for women with dense breasts. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of women aged 50-75 from an academic medical center who had completed a screening mammogram between 2014 and 2016 that was read as BI-RADS 1 with heterogeneously or extremely dense breasts or BI-RADS 2 with extremely dense breasts. Data were abstracted on type, timing and frequency of supplemental imaging tests ordered within two years of an initial screening mammogram. Patient characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, insurance, and comorbidities) were also abstracted. We used bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to assess for differences in supplemental imaging ordered by race/ethnicity. RESULTS:Three hundred twenty-six women met inclusion criteria. Mean age was 58 years: 25% were non-Hispanic white, 30% were non-Hispanic black, 27% were Hispanic, 6% were Asian and 14% unknown. Seventy-nine (24%) women were ordered a supplemental breast ultrasound after the initial screening mammogram. Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women were less likely to have supplemental imaging ordered compared to non-Hispanic white women (15% and 10%, respectively, vs. 45%, p < 0.0001). After controlling for patient age, ordering physician specialty, insurance, BI-RADS score, breast density, and family history of breast cancer, non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women remained less likely to be ordered supplemental imaging (OR 0.38 [95% CI 0.17-0.85] and OR 0.24 [95% CI 0.10-0.61], respectively, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Minority women with dense breasts are less likely to be ordered supplemental breast imaging. Further research should investigate physician and patient behaviors to determine barriers in supplemental imaging. Understanding these differences may help reduce disparities in breast cancer care and mortality.
PMID: 32394349
ISSN: 1573-7217
CID: 5403852