Outcomes, Techniques, and Risk Factors for Dehiscence in Central Wedge Labiaplasty
PURPOSE:Outcomes after female cosmetic genital surgery (FCGS) performed by plastic surgeons working in a group practice setting have not been well documented. This article aimed to assess outcomes and to describe FCGS techniques used in a large group private plastic surgery practice. METHODS:A retrospective chart review identified patients who underwent FCGS from 2009 to 2018. Demographic, clinical, and operative information was reviewed and recorded. Outcomes were assessed by evaluating postoperative complications and the need for revision surgery. RESULTS:Seventy-seven women between the ages of 14 and 53 years underwent FCGS performed by 1 of 6 surgeons. Forty-five patients underwent central wedge excision for labia minora hypertrophy, whereas 32 patients underwent extended central wedge excision for labia minora and clitoral hood hypertrophy. Four patients underwent liposuction of the mons pubis as an additional procedure. Over a mean follow-up of 37.4 months, postoperative asymmetry/redundancy occurred in 12 patients, requiring revision in 10. Wound dehiscence occurred in 12 patients, requiring revision in 9. There was one hematoma postoperatively requiring evacuation, one case of dyspareunia, and one case of decreased sensation. A single-layer wound closure (P = 0.050) and mons liposuction (P = 0.011) were risk factors for wound dehiscence. CONCLUSIONS:Central wedge excision and extended central wedge excision labiaplasty were the techniques used in a large group plastic surgery practice. Postoperative asymmetry and dehiscence were the most common complications, and the revision surgery rate was high. A single-layer wound closure and additional mons liposuction were risk factors for dehiscence after central wedge labiaplasty.
Assessing Patient-Reported Outcomes After Female Cosmetic Genital Surgery
PURPOSE:Patient-reported outcomes after female cosmetic genital surgery (FCGS) have been well documented; however, methods vary widely between studies and are often very detailed, time-consuming, and difficult to reproduce. The purpose of this study was to assess patient-reported outcomes after FCGS using a novel method and survey as well as to present the results of a pilot study aimed at validating this survey. METHODS:A retrospective chart review identified patients who underwent FCGS. Demographic, clinical, operative, and outcome characteristics were recorded. A novel survey, including 14 items administered by telephone interview, was developed and extrapolated from the BREAST-Q for augmentation mammaplasty, to assess patient-reported outcomes after FCGS with regard to satisfaction with outcome and physical, psychosocial, and sexual well-being. RESULTS:The survey response rate was 50.6% (39 patients). Over a mean time after surgery of 56 months, 14 complications occurred in 11 patients (28.2%), and 10 complications required revision surgery. Postoperative asymmetry and dehiscence were the most common complications. Despite the higher complication and revision surgery rates, 97.4% agreed that the surgery was a good experience and were satisfied with the results after surgery. In addition, patient-reported outcomes after FCGS showed significant improvement in physical well-being, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:This novel survey can be used to assess patient-reported outcomes after FCGS in an efficient approach. Despite the potential complications and need for revision surgery, the vast majority of patients who undergo FCGS feel that it is a good experience, are satisfied with the results after surgery, and show significant improvement in physical, psychosocial, and sexual well-being after surgery.