Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


SPECT/CT-plethysmography--non-invasive quantitation of bone and soft tissue blood flow

Dayan, Lior; Keidar, Zohar; Israel, Ora; Milloul, Victor; Sachs, Johnathan; Jacob, Giris
Preserved blood flow to bone and soft tissue is essential for their normal function. To date only numerous methods are suitable for direct bone blood flow (BBF) measurement. Here, we introduce a novel quantitative method for bone and soft tissue blood flow (BBF and SBF, respectively) measurement. It involves a combination of SPECT/CT imaging for blood pool localization in a specific region of interest ("soft" and "hard" tissues composing a limb) with veno-occlusive plethysmography. Using it, we measured BBF and SBF in the four limbs of 10 healthy subjects. At steady state blood flow measurements in the four limbs were similar, ranging between 5.5-6.5 and 1.87-2.48 ml per 100 ml of tissue per minute for BBF and SBF, respectively. Our results are comparable to those in the literature. We concluded that SPECT/CT-plethysmography appears to be a readily available and easy to use method to measure BBF and SBF, and can be added to the armamentarium of methods for BBF measurements.
PMID: 18710528
ISSN: 1749-799x
CID: 5372622

Hormonal and volume dysregulation in women with premenstrual syndrome

Rosenfeld, Rimma; Livne, Dana; Nevo, Ori; Dayan, Lior; Milloul, Victor; Lavi, Shahar; Jacob, Giris
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) presents with emotional and physical symptoms. Although the emotional symptoms have been extensively studied, the pathophysiology of the fluid-retention symptoms is not currently known. We tested the hypothesis that the fluid regulatory mechanisms are disturbed in PMS. Nine regularly menstruating women with PMS were compared with 9 healthy age-matched women. Hemodynamic parameters and upright plasma volume shift (extrapolated from changes in hematocrit), plasma renin activity (PRA), and plasma aldosterone and sex hormones were measured at different times during the menstrual cycle. During the early follicular and the midluteal phases, the plasma volume shift, supine and upright PRA, and plasma aldosterone were similar in both groups, and none of the participants had edema. However, during the late luteal phase, ankle edema was present only in women with PMS, and their maximal plasma volume shift was lower compared with controls (11.7+/-1.3 versus 15.6+/-0.6; P=0.004). The area under the curve (estimates the amount of the total plasma shift during 30 minutes standing) was 300+/-28 and 406+/-16 in PMS and controls, respectively (P=0.01). PRA and aldosterone levels were higher during the late luteal phase in women with PMS compared with controls (supine PRA: 1.4+/-0.3 [PMS] versus 1.1+/-0.4 [control; P value not significant], upright PRA: 3.9+/-0.08 versus 1.6+/-0.3 ng/mL per hour [P=0.015], supine plasma aldosterone: 131+/-30 versus 68+/-17 pg/mL [P=0.09], and upright plasma aldosterone: 208+/-40 versus 102+/-16 pg/mL [P=0.03]). We, therefore, conclude that women with PMS have increased plasma fluid-regulatory hormones and disturbed fluid distribution only during their late luteal menstrual phase.
PMID: 18259015
ISSN: 1524-4563
CID: 5372612

Aspergillus vertebral osteomyelitis in chronic leukocyte leukemia patient diagnosed by a novel panfungal polymerase chain reaction method [Case Report]

Dayan, Lior; Sprecher, Hannah; Hananni, Amos; Rosenbaum, Hana; Milloul, Victor; Oren, Ilana
BACKGROUND CONTEXT/BACKGROUND:Vertebral osteomyelitis and disciitis caused by Aspergillus spp is a rare event. Early diagnosis and early antifungal therapy are critical in improving the prognosis for these patients. The diagnosis of invasive fungal infections is, in many cases, not straightforward and requires invasive procedures so that histological examination and culture can be performed. Furthermore, current traditional microbiological tests (ie, cultures and stains) lack the sensitivity for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:To present a case of vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Aspergillus spp diagnosed using a novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS:Case report. METHODS:Aspergillus DNA was detected in DNA extracted from the necrotic bone tissue by using a "panfungal" PCR novel method. RESULTS:Treatment with voriconazole was started based on the diagnosis. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Using this novel technique enabled us to diagnose accurately an unusual bone pathogen that requires a unique treatment.
PMID: 17905324
ISSN: 1529-9430
CID: 5372602

Impaired cerebral CO2 vasoreactivity: association with endothelial dysfunction

Lavi, Shahar; Gaitini, Diana; Milloul, Victor; Jacob, Giris
Conflicting data exist on the role of nitric oxide (NO) in cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation. Previous studies involving human and animal subjects seem to indicate that NO involvement is limited to the CO(2)-dependent mechanism (chemoregulation) and not to the pressure-dependent autoregulation (mechanoregulation). We tested this hypothesis in patients with impaired endothelial function compared with healthy controls. Blood pressure, heart rate, end-tidal Pco(2), CBF velocities (CBFV), forearm blood flow, and reactive hyperemia were assessed in 16 patients with diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension and compared with 12 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Pressure-dependent autoregulation was determined by escalating doses of phenylephrine. CO(2) vasoreactivity index was extrapolated from individual slopes of mean CBFV during normocapnia, hyperventilation, and CO(2) inhalation. Measurements were repeated after sodium nitroprusside infusion. Indexes of endothelial function, maximal and area under the curve (AUC) of forearm blood flow (FBF) changes, were significantly impaired in patients (maximal flow: 488 +/- 75 vs. 297 +/- 31%; P = 0.01, AUC DeltaFBF: 173 +/- 17 vs. 127 +/- 11; P = 0.03). Patients and controls showed similar changes in cerebrovascular resistance during blood pressure challenges (identical slopes). CO(2) vasoreactivity was impaired in patients compared with controls: 1.19 +/- 0.1 vs. 1.54 +/- 0.1 cm.s(-1).mmHg(-1); P = 0.04. NO donor (sodium nitroprusside) offsets this disparity. These results suggest that patients with endothelial dysfunction have impaired CO(2) vasoreactivity and preserved pressure-dependent autoregulation. This supports our hypothesis that NO is involved in CO(2)-dependent CBF regulation alone. CBFV chemoregulation could therefore be a surrogate of local cerebral endothelial function.
PMID: 16766649
ISSN: 0363-6135
CID: 5372592