Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


[Mucosal associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma with positive PIM1 expression: a case report] [Case Report]

Yu, L L; Wu, T; Mao, D F; Xue, F; Liu, W H; Wang, Z H; Bai, H
PMID: 34979782
ISSN: 0578-1426
CID: 5136762

[A case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia of MTHFR C677T gene positive with methotrexate hypersensitivity was successfully rescued by hemodialysis] [Case Report]

Ren, L W; Wu, T; Xue, F; Liu, W H; Mao, D F; Yu, L L; Wang, Z H; Bai, H
PMID: 34384163
ISSN: 0253-2727
CID: 5073262

PSGL-1 restricts HIV-1 infectivity by blocking virus particle attachment to target cells

Fu, Yajing; He, Sijia; Waheed, Abdul A; Dabbagh, Deemah; Zhou, Zheng; Trinité, Benjamin; Wang, Zhao; Yu, Jieshi; Wang, Dan; Li, Feng; Levy, David N; Shang, Hong; Freed, Eric O; Wu, Yuntao
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a dimeric, mucin-like, 120-kDa glycoprotein that binds to P-, E-, and L-selectins. PSGL-1 is expressed primarily on the surface of lymphoid and myeloid cells and is up-regulated during inflammation to mediate leukocyte tethering and rolling on the surface of endothelium for migration into inflamed tissues. Although it has been reported that PSGL-1 expression inhibits HIV-1 replication, the mechanism of PSGL-1-mediated anti-HIV activity remains to be elucidated. Here we report that PSGL-1 in virions blocks the infectivity of HIV-1 particles by preventing the binding of particles to target cells. This inhibitory activity is independent of the viral glycoprotein present on the virus particle; the binding of particles bearing the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein or vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein or even lacking a viral glycoprotein is impaired by PSGL-1. Mapping studies show that the extracellular N-terminal domain of PSGL-1 is necessary for its anti-HIV-1 activity, and that the PSGL-1 cytoplasmic tail contributes to inhibition. In addition, we demonstrate that the PSGL-1-related monomeric E-selectin-binding glycoprotein CD43 also effectively blocks HIV-1 infectivity. HIV-1 infection, or expression of either Vpu or Nef, down-regulates PSGL-1 from the cell surface; expression of Vpu appears to be primarily responsible for enabling the virus to partially escape PSGL-1-mediated restriction. Finally, we show that PSGL-1 inhibits the infectivity of other viruses, such as murine leukemia virus and influenza A virus. These findings demonstrate that PSGL-1 is a broad-spectrum antiviral host factor with a unique mechanism of action.
PMID: 32273392
ISSN: 1091-6490
CID: 4379142

Assessment of Barrett's esophagus and dysplasia with ultrahigh-speed volumetric en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography

Ahsen, Osman O; Liang, Kaicheng; Lee, Hsiang-Chieh; Giacomelli, Michael G; Wang, Zhao; Potsaid, Benjamin; Figueiredo, Marisa; Huang, Qin; Jayaraman, Vijaysekhar; Fujimoto, James G; Mashimo, Hiroshi
BACKGROUND:This study aimed to evaluate the use of ultrahigh-speed volumetric en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography (OCT) with micromotor catheters for the in vivo assessment of Barrett's esophagus and dysplasia. METHODS:74 OCT datasets with correlated biopsy/endoscopic mucosal resection histology (49 nondysplastic Barrett's esophagus [NDBE], 25 neoplasia) were obtained from 14 patients with Barrett's esophagus and a history of dysplasia and 30 with NDBE. The associations between irregular mucosal patterns on en face OCT, absence of mucosal layering, surface signal > subsurface, and > 5 atypical glands on cross-sectional OCT vs. histology and treatment history were assessed by three blinded readers. RESULTS:Atypical glands under irregular mucosal patterns occurred in 75 % of neoplasia (96 % of treatment-naïve neoplasia) vs. 30 % of NDBE datasets (43 % of short- and 18 % of long-segment NDBE). Mucosal layering was absent in 35 % of neoplasia and 50 % of NDBE datasets, and surface signal > subsurface occurred in 29 % of neoplasia and 30 % of NDBE datasets. CONCLUSIONS:Atypical glands under irregular mucosal patterns are strongly associated with neoplasia, suggesting potential markers for dysplasia and a role in pathogenesis.
PMID: 30261534
ISSN: 1438-8812
CID: 4276682

Cycloid scanning for wide field optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy and angiography in vivo

Liang, Kaicheng; Wang, Zhao; Ahsen, Osman O; Lee, Hsiang-Chieh; Potsaid, Benjamin M; Jayaraman, Vijaysekhar; Cable, Alex; Mashimo, Hiroshi; Li, Xingde; Fujimoto, James G
Devices that perform wide field-of-view (FOV) precision optical scanning are important for endoscopic assessment and diagnosis of luminal organ disease such as in gastroenterology. Optical scanning for in vivo endoscopic imaging has traditionally relied on one or more proximal mechanical actuators, limiting scan accuracy and imaging speed. There is a need for rapid and precise two-dimensional (2D) microscanning technologies to enable the translation of benchtop scanning microscopies to in vivo endoscopic imaging. We demonstrate a new cycloid scanner in a tethered capsule for ultrahigh speed, side-viewing optical coherence tomography (OCT) endomicroscopy in vivo. The cycloid capsule incorporates two scanners: a piezoelectrically actuated resonant fiber scanner to perform a precision, small FOV, fast scan and a micromotor scanner to perform a wide FOV, slow scan. Together these scanners distally scan the beam circumferentially in a 2D cycloid pattern, generating an unwrapped 1 mm × 38 mm strip FOV. Sequential strip volumes can be acquired with proximal pullback to image centimeter-long regions. Using ultrahigh speed 1.3 μm wavelength swept-source OCT at a 1.17 MHz axial scan rate, we imaged the human rectum at 3 volumes/s. Each OCT strip volume had 166 × 2322 axial scans with 8.5 μm axial and 30 μm transverse resolution. We further demonstrate OCT angiography at 0.5 volumes/s, producing volumetric images of vasculature. In addition to OCT applications, cycloid scanning promises to enable precision 2D optical scanning for other imaging modalities, including fluorescence confocal and nonlinear microscopy.
PMID: 29682598
ISSN: 2334-2536
CID: 4276082

Ultrahigh-speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography and angiography enables delineation of lateral margins of endoscopic mucosal resection: a case report

Ahsen, Osman O; Lee, Hsiang-Chieh; Liang, Kaicheng; Wang, Zhao; Figueiredo, Marisa; Huang, Qin; Potsaid, Benjamin; Jayaraman, Vijaysekhar; Fujimoto, James G; Mashimo, Hiroshi
PMID: 29204188
ISSN: 1756-283x
CID: 4275752

MAL facilitates the incorporation of exocytic uroplakin-delivering vesicles into the apical membrane of urothelial umbrella cells

Zhou, G; Liang, FX; Romih, R; Wang, Z; Liao, Y; Ghiso, J; Luque-Garcia, JL; Neubert, TA; Kreibich, G; Alonso, MA; Schaeren-Wiemers, N; Sun, TT
The apical surface of mammalian bladder urothelium is covered by large (500-1000 nm) two-dimensional (2D) crystals of hexagonally packed 16-nm uroplakin particles (urothelial plaques), which play a role in permeability barrier function and uropathogenic bacterial binding. How the uroplakin proteins are delivered to the luminal surface is unknown. We show here that myelin-and-lymphocyte protein (MAL), a 17-kDa tetraspan protein suggested to be important for the apical sorting of membrane proteins, is coexpressed with uroplakins in differentiated urothelial cell layers. MAL depletion in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells did not affect, however, the apical sorting of uroplakins, but it decreased the rate by which uroplakins were inserted into the apical surface. Moreover, MAL knockout in vivo led to the accumulation of fusiform vesicles in mouse urothelial superficial umbrella cells, whereas MAL transgenic overexpression in vivo led to enhanced exocytosis and compensatory endocytosis, resulting in the accumulation of the uroplakin-degrading multivesicular bodies. Finally, although MAL and uroplakins cofloat in detergent-resistant raft fractions, they are associated with distinct plaque and hinge membrane subdomains, respectively. These data suggest a model in which 1) MAL does not play a role in the apical sorting of uroplakins; 2) the propensity of uroplakins to polymerize forming 16-nm particles and later large 2D crystals that behave as detergent-resistant (giant) rafts may drive their apical targeting; 3) the exclusion of MAL from the expanding 2D crystals of uroplakins explains the selective association of MAL with the hinge areas in the uroplakin-delivering fusiform vesicles, as well as at the apical surface; and 4) the hinge-associated MAL may play a role in facilitating the incorporation of the exocytic uroplakin vesicles into the corresponding hinge areas of the urothelial apical surface.
PMID: 22323295
ISSN: 1059-1524
CID: 165440

Use of a robotic sampling platform to assess young children's exposure to indoor bioaerosols

Wang, Z; Shalat, S L; Black, K; Lioy, P J; Stambler, A A; Emoekpere, O H; Hernandez, M; Han, T; Ramagopal, M; Mainelis, G
Indoor exposures to allergens, mold spores, and endotoxin have been suggested as etiological agents of asthma; therefore, accurate determination of those exposures, especially in young children (6-36 months), is important for understanding the development of asthma. Because use of personal sampling equipment in this population is difficult, and in children <1 year of age impossible, we developed a personal sampling surrogate: the Pretoddler Inhalable Particulate Environmental Robotic (PIPER) sampler to better estimate their exposures. During sampling, PIPER simulates the activity patterns, speed of motion, and the height of the breathing zones of young children, and mechanically resuspends the deposited dust just as a young child does during running and crawling. The concentrations of allergens, mold spores, and endotoxin measured by PIPER were compared to those measured using traditional stationary air sampling method in 75 homes in central New Jersey, United States. Endotoxin was detected in all homes with median concentrations of 1.0 and 0.55 EU/m(3) for PIPER and stationary sampler, respectively. The difference in median concentrations obtained using the two methods was statistically significant for homes with carpeted floors (P = 0.0001) in the heating season. For such homes, the average ratio of endotoxin concentration measured by PIPER to the stationary sampler was 2.96 (95% CI 2.29-3.63). Fungal spores were detected in all homes, with median fungal concentrations of 316 and 380 spores/m(3) for PIPER and stationary sampler, respectively. For fungi, the difference between the two sampling methods was not statistically significant. For both sampling methods, the total airborne mold levels were statistically significantly higher in the non-heating season than in the heating season. Allergens were detected in ~15% of investigated homes. The data indicate that the traditional stationary air-sampling methods may substantially underestimate personal exposures to endotoxin, especially due to resuspension of dust from carpeted floor surfaces. A personal sampling surrogate, such as PIPER, is a feasible approach to estimate personal exposures in young children. PIPER should be seriously considered as the sampling platform for future exposure studies in young children. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This study investigated potential indoor bioaerosol exposure of young children using a Pretoddler Inhalable Particulate Environmental Robotic (PIPER) sampler platform. The results show that the traditional stationary air-sampling methods can substantially underestimate personal exposures to resuspended material, and that a personal sampling surrogate, such as PIPER, offers a feasible surrogate for measuring personal inhalation exposures of young children.
PMID: 21954880
ISSN: 0905-6947
CID: 284672

Release mode of large and small dense-core vesicles specified by different synaptotagmin isoforms in PC12 cells

Zhang, Zhen; Wu, Yao; Wang, Zhao; Dunning, F Mark; Rehfuss, Jonathan; Ramanan, Deepshika; Chapman, Edwin R; Jackson, Meyer B
Many cells release multiple substances in different proportions according to the specific character of a stimulus. PC12 cells, a model neuroendocrine cell line, express multiple isoforms of the exocytotic Ca(2+) sensor synaptotagmin. We show that these isoforms sort to populations of dense-core vesicles that differ in size. These synaptotagmins differ in their Ca(2+) sensitivities, their preference for full fusion or kiss-and-run, and their sensitivity to inhibition by synaptotagmin IV. In PC12 cells, vesicles that harbor these different synaptotagmin isoforms can be preferentially triggered to fuse by different forms of stimulation. The mode of fusion is specified by the synaptotagmin isoform activated, and because kiss-and-run exocytosis can filter small molecules through a size-limiting fusion pore, the activation of isoforms that favor kiss-and-run will select smaller molecules over larger molecules packaged in the same vesicle. Thus synaptotagmin isoforms can provide multiple levels of control in the release of different molecules from the same cell.
PMID: 21551071
ISSN: 1059-1524
CID: 379082

Effect of RF Pulse Sequence on Temperature Elevation for a Given Time-Average SAR

Wang Z; Collins CM
In calculations of temperature increase during MRI, it is typically assumed adequate to consider the Specific energy Absorption Rate (SAR) levels averaged over an entire repetition time (TR) rather than explicitly consider the heating (as it occurs in reality) during the RF pulses only. Here we investigate this assumption with numerical calculations of SAR and temperature increase for a human head in a volume coil at 64 MHz and 300 MHz during three very different pulse sequences, each having a TR of 200 ms and a time-average whole-head SAR of 3.0W/kg, as well as with semi-analytical calculations considering a gradient-echo sequence in a segment of tissue with SAR of 10W/kg delivered in a 1ms pulse with TR of up to 5000 ms. While it is possible to calculate a temporal effect of specific pulse sequence on temperature, the difference between pulse sequences is so small and so transient that it should typically be adequate to consider only the time-average SAR in each TR
PMID: 21116480
ISSN: 1552-504x
CID: 148974