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Association between lower body temperature and increased tau pathology in cognitively normal older adults

Blessing, Esther M; Parekh, Ankit; Betensky, Rebecca A; Babb, James; Saba, Natalie; Debure, Ludovic; Varga, Andrew W; Ayappa, Indu; Rapoport, David M; Butler, Tracy A; de Leon, Mony J; Wisniewski, Thomas; Lopresti, Brian J; Osorio, Ricardo S
BACKGROUND:Preclinical studies suggest body temperature (Tb) and consequently brain temperature has the potential to bidirectionally interact with tau pathology in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Tau phosphorylation is substantially increased by small (<1 °C) decreases in temperature within the human physiological range, and thermoregulatory nuclei are affected by tau pathology early in the AD continuum. In this study we evaluated whether Tb (as a proxy for brain temperature) is cross-sectionally associated with clinically utilized markers of tau pathology in cognitively normal older adults. METHODS:Tb was continuously measured with ingestible telemetry sensors for 48-h. This period also included two nights of nocturnal polysomnography to delineate whether Tb during waking vs sleep is differentially associated with tau pathology. Tau phosphorylation was assessed with plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (P-tau), sampled the day following Tb measurement. In addition, neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) burden in early Braak stage regions was imaged with PET-MR using the [18F]MK-6240 radiotracer on average one month later. RESULTS:Lower Tb was associated with increased NFT burden, as well as increased plasma and CSF P-tau levels (p < 0.05). NFT burden was associated with lower Tb during waking (p < 0.05) but not during sleep intervals. Plasma and CSF Ptau levels were highly correlated with each other (p < 0.05), and both variables were correlated with tau tangle radiotracer uptake (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:These results, the first available for human, suggest that lower Tb in older adults may be associated with increased soluble and aggregated tau pathology. Our findings add to the substantial preclinical literature associating lower body and brain temperature with tau hyperphosphorylation. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER/BACKGROUND:NCT03053908.
PMID: 35550158
ISSN: 1095-953x
CID: 5214682

Platelet Function Is Associated With Dementia Risk in the Framingham Heart Study

Ramos-Cejudo, Jaime; Johnson, Andrew D; Beiser, Alexa; Seshadri, Sudha; Salinas, Joel; Berger, Jeffrey S; Fillmore, Nathanael R; Do, Nhan; Zheng, Chunlei; Kovbasyuk, Zanetta; Ardekani, Babak A; Nunzio, Pomara; Bubu, Omonigho M; Parekh, Ankit; Convit, Antonio; Betensky, Rebecca A; Wisniewski, Thomas M; Osorio, Ricardo S
Background Vascular function is compromised in Alzheimer disease (AD) years before amyloid and tau pathology are detected and a substantial body of work shows abnormal platelet activation states in patients with AD. The aim of our study was to investigate whether platelet function in middle age is independently associated with future risk of AD. Methods and Results We examined associations of baseline platelet function with incident dementia risk in the community-based FHS (Framingham Heart Study) longitudinal cohorts. The association between platelet function and risk of dementia was evaluated using the cumulative incidence function and inverse probability weighted Cox proportional cause-specific hazards regression models, with adjustment for demographic and clinical covariates. Platelet aggregation response was measured by light transmission aggregometry. The final study sample included 1847 FHS participants (average age, 53.0 years; 57.5% women). During follow-up (median, 20.5 years), we observed 154 cases of incident dementia, of which 121 were AD cases. Results from weighted models indicated that platelet aggregation response to adenosine diphosphate 1.0 µmol/L was independently and positively associated with dementia risk, and it was preceded in importance only by age and hypertension. Sensitivity analyses showed associations with the same directionality for participants defined as adenosine diphosphate hyper-responders, as well as the platelet response to 0.1 µmol/L epinephrine. Conclusions Our study shows individuals free of antiplatelet therapy with a higher platelet response are at higher risk of dementia in late life during a 20-year follow-up, reinforcing the role of platelet function in AD risk. This suggests that platelet phenotypes may be associated with the rate of dementia and potentially have prognostic value.
PMID: 35470685
ISSN: 2047-9980
CID: 5215632

The role of mitochondrial dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease: A potential pathway to treatment

Reiss, Allison B; Ahmed, Saba; Dayaramani, Christopher; Glass, Amy D; Gomolin, Irving H; Pinkhasov, Aaron; Stecker, Mark M; Wisniewski, Thomas; De Leon, Joshua
BACKGROUND:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia worldwide and is characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive impairment. Our understanding of AD pathogenesis is limited and no effective disease-modifying treatment is available. Mitochondria are cytoplasmic organelles critical to the homeostatic regulation of glucose and energy in the cell. METHODS:Mitochondrial abnormalities are found early in the course of AD and dysfunctional mitochondria are involved in AD progression. The resulting respiratory chain impairment, neuronal apoptosis, and generation of reactive oxygen species are highly damaging to neurons. Restoration of mitochondrial function may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for AD. RESULTS:This review discusses the specifics of mitochondrial fragmentation, imbalances in fission and fusion, and DNA damage seen in AD and the contribution of compromised mitochondrial activity to AD etiopathogenesis. It explores how an understanding of the processes underlying mitochondrial failure may lead to urgently needed treatment innovations. It considers individual mitochondrial proteins that have emerged as promising drug targets and evaluates neuroprotective agents that could improve the functional state of mitochondria in the setting of AD. CONCLUSIONS:There is great promise in exploring original approaches to preserving mitochondrial viability as a means to achieve breakthroughs in treating AD.
PMID: 35508280
ISSN: 1873-6815
CID: 5216242

Comparison of serum neurodegenerative biomarkers among hospitalized COVID-19 patients versus non-COVID subjects with normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, or Alzheimer's dementia

Frontera, Jennifer A; Boutajangout, Allal; Masurkar, Arjun V; Betensky, Rebecca A; Ge, Yulin; Vedvyas, Alok; Debure, Ludovic; Moreira, Andre; Lewis, Ariane; Huang, Joshua; Thawani, Sujata; Balcer, Laura; Galetta, Steven; Wisniewski, Thomas
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Neurological complications among hospitalized COVID-19 patients may be associated with elevated neurodegenerative biomarkers. METHODS:Among hospitalized COVID-19 patients without a history of dementia (N = 251), we compared serum total tau (t-tau), phosphorylated tau-181 (p-tau181), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neurofilament light chain (NfL), ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1), and amyloid beta (Aβ40,42) between patients with or without encephalopathy, in-hospital death versus survival, and discharge home versus other dispositions. COVID-19 patient biomarker levels were also compared to non-COVID cognitively normal, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia controls (N = 161). RESULTS:Admission t-tau, p-tau181, GFAP, and NfL were significantly elevated in patients with encephalopathy and in those who died in-hospital, while t-tau, GFAP, and NfL were significantly lower in those discharged home. These markers correlated with severity of COVID illness. NfL, GFAP, and UCHL1 were higher in COVID patients than in non-COVID controls with MCI or AD. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:Neurodegenerative biomarkers were elevated to levels observed in AD dementia and associated with encephalopathy and worse outcomes among hospitalized COVID-19 patients.
PMID: 35023610
ISSN: 1552-5279
CID: 5116752

Proteomic differences in hippocampus and cortex of sudden unexplained death in childhood

Leitner, Dominique F; William, Christopher; Faustin, Arline; Askenazi, Manor; Kanshin, Evgeny; Snuderl, Matija; McGuone, Declan; Wisniewski, Thomas; Ueberheide, Beatrix; Gould, Laura; Devinsky, Orrin
Sudden unexplained death in childhood (SUDC) is death of a child over 1 year of age that is unexplained after review of clinical history, circumstances of death, and complete autopsy with ancillary testing. Multiple etiologies may cause SUDC. SUDC and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) share clinical and pathological features, suggesting some similarities in mechanism of death and possible abnormalities in hippocampus and cortex. To identify molecular signaling pathways, we performed label-free quantitative mass spectrometry on microdissected frontal cortex, hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), and cornu ammonis (CA1-3) in SUDC (n = 19) and pediatric control cases (n = 19) with an explained cause of death. At a 5% false discovery rate (FDR), we found differential expression of 660 proteins in frontal cortex, 170 in DG, and 57 in CA1-3. Pathway analysis of altered proteins identified top signaling pathways associated with activated oxidative phosphorylation (p = 6.3 × 10-15, z = 4.08) and inhibited EIF2 signaling (p = 2.0 × 10-21, z = - 2.56) in frontal cortex, and activated acute phase response in DG (p = 8.5 × 10-6, z = 2.65) and CA1-3 (p = 4.7 × 10-6, z = 2.00). Weighted gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA) of clinical history indicated that SUDC-positive post-mortem virology (n = 4/17) had the most significant module in each brain region, with the top most significant associated with decreased mRNA metabolic processes (p = 2.8 × 10-5) in frontal cortex. Additional modules were associated with clinical history, including fever within 24 h of death (top: increased mitochondrial fission in DG, p = 1.8 × 10-3) and febrile seizure history (top: decreased small molecule metabolic processes in frontal cortex, p = 8.8 × 10-5) in all brain regions, neuropathological hippocampal findings in the DG (top: decreased focal adhesion, p = 1.9 × 10-3). Overall, cortical and hippocampal protein changes were present in SUDC cases and some correlated with clinical features. Our studies support that proteomic studies of SUDC cohorts can advance our understanding of the pathogenesis of these tragedies and may inform the development of preventive strategies.
PMCID:8953962
PMID: 35333953
ISSN: 1432-0533
CID: 5200692

The amyloid plaque proteome in early onset Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome

Drummond, Eleanor; Kavanagh, Tomas; Pires, Geoffrey; Marta-Ariza, Mitchell; Kanshin, Evgeny; Nayak, Shruti; Faustin, Arline; Berdah, Valentin; Ueberheide, Beatrix; Wisniewski, Thomas
Amyloid plaques contain many proteins in addition to beta amyloid (Aβ). Previous studies examining plaque-associated proteins have shown these additional proteins are important; they provide insight into the factors that drive amyloid plaque development and are potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to comprehensively identify proteins that are enriched in amyloid plaques using unbiased proteomics in two subtypes of early onset AD: sporadic early onset AD (EOAD) and Down Syndrome (DS) with AD. We focused our study on early onset AD as the drivers of the more aggressive pathology development in these cases is unknown and it is unclear whether amyloid-plaque enriched proteins differ between subtypes of early onset AD. Amyloid plaques and neighbouring non-plaque tissue were microdissected from human brain sections using laser capture microdissection and label-free LC-MS was used to quantify the proteins present. 48 proteins were consistently enriched in amyloid plaques in EOAD and DS. Many of these proteins were more significantly enriched in amyloid plaques than Aβ. The most enriched proteins in amyloid plaques in both EOAD and DS were: COL25A1, SMOC1, MDK, NTN1, OLFML3 and HTRA1. Endosomal/lysosomal proteins were particularly highly enriched in amyloid plaques. Fluorescent immunohistochemistry was used to validate the enrichment of four proteins in amyloid plaques (moesin, ezrin, ARL8B and SMOC1) and to compare the amount of total Aβ, Aβ40, Aβ42, phosphorylated Aβ, pyroglutamate Aβ species and oligomeric species in EOAD and DS. These studies showed that phosphorylated Aβ, pyroglutamate Aβ species and SMOC1 were significantly higher in DS plaques, while oligomers were significantly higher in EOAD. Overall, we observed that amyloid plaques in EOAD and DS largely contained the same proteins, however the amount of enrichment of some proteins was different in EOAD and DS. Our study highlights the significant enrichment of many proteins in amyloid plaques, many of which may be potential therapeutic targets and/or biomarkers for AD.
PMCID:9008934
PMID: 35418158
ISSN: 2051-5960
CID: 5201962

New insights into the genetic etiology of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias

Bellenguez, Céline; Küçükali, Fahri; Jansen, Iris E; Kleineidam, Luca; Moreno-Grau, Sonia; Amin, Najaf; Naj, Adam C; Campos-Martin, Rafael; Grenier-Boley, Benjamin; Andrade, Victor; Holmans, Peter A; Boland, Anne; Damotte, Vincent; van der Lee, Sven J; Costa, Marcos R; Kuulasmaa, Teemu; Yang, Qiong; de Rojas, Itziar; Bis, Joshua C; Yaqub, Amber; Prokic, Ivana; Chapuis, Julien; Ahmad, Shahzad; Giedraitis, Vilmantas; Aarsland, Dag; Garcia-Gonzalez, Pablo; Abdelnour, Carla; Alarcón-Martín, Emilio; Alcolea, Daniel; Alegret, Montserrat; Alvarez, Ignacio; Álvarez, Victoria; Armstrong, Nicola J; Tsolaki, Anthoula; Antúnez, Carmen; Appollonio, Ildebrando; Arcaro, Marina; Archetti, Silvana; Pastor, Alfonso Arias; Arosio, Beatrice; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Bailly, Henri; Banaj, Nerisa; Baquero, Miquel; Barral, Sandra; Beiser, Alexa; Pastor, Ana Belén; Below, Jennifer E; Benchek, Penelope; Benussi, Luisa; Berr, Claudine; Besse, Céline; Bessi, Valentina; Binetti, Giuliano; Bizarro, Alessandra; Blesa, Rafael; Boada, Mercè; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borroni, Barbara; Boschi, Silvia; Bossù, Paola; BrÃ¥then, Geir; Bressler, Jan; Bresner, Catherine; Brodaty, Henry; Brookes, Keeley J; Brusco, Luis Ignacio; Buiza-Rueda, Dolores; Bûrger, Katharina; Burholt, Vanessa; Bush, William S; Calero, Miguel; Cantwell, Laura B; Chene, Geneviève; Chung, Jaeyoon; Cuccaro, Michael L; Carracedo, Ángel; Cecchetti, Roberta; Cervera-Carles, Laura; Charbonnier, Camille; Chen, Hung-Hsin; Chillotti, Caterina; Ciccone, Simona; Claassen, Jurgen A H R; Clark, Christopher; Conti, Elisa; Corma-Gómez, Anaïs; Costantini, Emanuele; Custodero, Carlo; Daian, Delphine; Dalmasso, Maria Carolina; Daniele, Antonio; Dardiotis, Efthimios; Dartigues, Jean-François; de Deyn, Peter Paul; de Paiva Lopes, Katia; de Witte, Lot D; Debette, Stéphanie; Deckert, Jürgen; Del Ser, Teodoro; Denning, Nicola; DeStefano, Anita; Dichgans, Martin; Diehl-Schmid, Janine; Diez-Fairen, Mónica; Rossi, Paolo Dionigi; Djurovic, Srdjan; Duron, Emmanuelle; Düzel, Emrah; Dufouil, Carole; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Engelborghs, Sebastiaan; Escott-Price, Valentina; Espinosa, Ana; Ewers, Michael; Faber, Kelley M; Fabrizio, Tagliavini; Nielsen, Sune Fallgaard; Fardo, David W; Farotti, Lucia; Fenoglio, Chiara; Fernández-Fuertes, Marta; Ferrari, Raffaele; Ferreira, Catarina B; Ferri, Evelyn; Fin, Bertrand; Fischer, Peter; Fladby, Tormod; Fließbach, Klaus; Fongang, Bernard; Fornage, Myriam; Fortea, Juan; Foroud, Tatiana M; Fostinelli, Silvia; Fox, Nick C; Franco-Macías, Emlio; Bullido, María J; Frank-García, Ana; Froelich, Lutz; Fulton-Howard, Brian; Galimberti, Daniela; García-Alberca, Jose Maria; García-González, Pablo; Garcia-Madrona, Sebastian; Garcia-Ribas, Guillermo; Ghidoni, Roberta; Giegling, Ina; Giorgio, Giaccone; Goate, Alison M; Goldhardt, Oliver; Gomez-Fonseca, Duber; González-Pérez, Antonio; Graff, Caroline; Grande, Giulia; Green, Emma; Grimmer, Timo; Grünblatt, Edna; Grunin, Michelle; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Guetta-Baranes, Tamar; Haapasalo, Annakaisa; Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios; Haines, Jonathan L; Hamilton-Nelson, Kara L; Hampel, Harald; Hanon, Olivier; Hardy, John; Hartmann, Annette M; Hausner, Lucrezia; Harwood, Janet; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Helisalmi, Seppo; Heneka, Michael T; Hernández, Isabel; Herrmann, Martin J; Hoffmann, Per; Holmes, Clive; Holstege, Henne; Vilas, Raquel Huerto; Hulsman, Marc; Humphrey, Jack; Biessels, Geert Jan; Jian, Xueqiu; Johansson, Charlotte; Jun, Gyungah R; Kastumata, Yuriko; Kauwe, John; Kehoe, Patrick G; Kilander, Lena; StÃ¥hlbom, Anne Kinhult; Kivipelto, Miia; Koivisto, Anne; Kornhuber, Johannes; Kosmidis, Mary H; Kukull, Walter A; Kuksa, Pavel P; Kunkle, Brian W; Kuzma, Amanda B; Lage, Carmen; Laukka, Erika J; Launer, Lenore; Lauria, Alessandra; Lee, Chien-Yueh; Lehtisalo, Jenni; Lerch, Ondrej; Lleó, Alberto; Longstreth, William; Lopez, Oscar; de Munain, Adolfo Lopez; Love, Seth; Löwemark, Malin; Luckcuck, Lauren; Lunetta, Kathryn L; Ma, Yiyi; Macías, Juan; MacLeod, Catherine A; Maier, Wolfgang; Mangialasche, Francesca; Spallazzi, Marco; Marquié, Marta; Marshall, Rachel; Martin, Eden R; Montes, Angel Martín; Rodríguez, Carmen Martínez; Masullo, Carlo; Mayeux, Richard; Mead, Simon; Mecocci, Patrizia; Medina, Miguel; Meggy, Alun; Mehrabian, Shima; Mendoza, Silvia; Menéndez-González, Manuel; Mir, Pablo; Moebus, Susanne; Mol, Merel; Molina-Porcel, Laura; Montrreal, Laura; Morelli, Laura; Moreno, Fermin; Morgan, Kevin; Mosley, Thomas; Nöthen, Markus M; Muchnik, Carolina; Mukherjee, Shubhabrata; Nacmias, Benedetta; Ngandu, Tiia; Nicolas, Gael; Nordestgaard, Børge G; Olaso, Robert; Orellana, Adelina; Orsini, Michela; Ortega, Gemma; Padovani, Alessandro; Paolo, Caffarra; Papenberg, Goran; Parnetti, Lucilla; Pasquier, Florence; Pastor, Pau; Peloso, Gina; Pérez-Cordón, Alba; Pérez-Tur, Jordi; Pericard, Pierre; Peters, Oliver; Pijnenburg, Yolande A L; Pineda, Juan A; Piñol-Ripoll, Gerard; Pisanu, Claudia; Polak, Thomas; Popp, Julius; Posthuma, Danielle; Priller, Josef; Puerta, Raquel; Quenez, Olivier; Quintela, Inés; Thomassen, Jesper Qvist; Rábano, Alberto; Rainero, Innocenzo; Rajabli, Farid; Ramakers, Inez; Real, Luis M; Reinders, Marcel J T; Reitz, Christiane; Reyes-Dumeyer, Dolly; Ridge, Perry; Riedel-Heller, Steffi; Riederer, Peter; Roberto, Natalia; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Eloy; Rongve, Arvid; Allende, Irene Rosas; Rosende-Roca, Maitée; Royo, Jose Luis; Rubino, Elisa; Rujescu, Dan; Sáez, María Eugenia; Sakka, Paraskevi; Saltvedt, Ingvild; Sanabria, Ángela; Sánchez-Arjona, María Bernal; Sanchez-Garcia, Florentino; Juan, Pascual Sánchez; Sánchez-Valle, Raquel; Sando, Sigrid B; Sarnowski, Chloé; Satizabal, Claudia L; Scamosci, Michela; Scarmeas, Nikolaos; Scarpini, Elio; Scheltens, Philip; Scherbaum, Norbert; Scherer, Martin; Schmid, Matthias; Schneider, Anja; Schott, Jonathan M; Selbæk, Geir; Seripa, Davide; Serrano, Manuel; Sha, Jin; Shadrin, Alexey A; Skrobot, Olivia; Slifer, Susan; Snijders, Gijsje J L; Soininen, Hilkka; Solfrizzi, Vincenzo; Solomon, Alina; Song, Yeunjoo; Sorbi, Sandro; Sotolongo-Grau, Oscar; Spalletta, Gianfranco; Spottke, Annika; Squassina, Alessio; Stordal, Eystein; Tartan, Juan Pablo; Tárraga, Lluís; Tesí, Niccolo; Thalamuthu, Anbupalam; Thomas, Tegos; Tosto, Giuseppe; Traykov, Latchezar; Tremolizzo, Lucio; Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne; Uitterlinden, Andre; Ullgren, Abbe; Ulstein, Ingun; Valero, Sergi; Valladares, Otto; Broeckhoven, Christine Van; Vance, Jeffery; Vardarajan, Badri N; van der Lugt, Aad; Dongen, Jasper Van; van Rooij, Jeroen; van Swieten, John; Vandenberghe, Rik; Verhey, Frans; Vidal, Jean-Sébastien; Vogelgsang, Jonathan; Vyhnalek, Martin; Wagner, Michael; Wallon, David; Wang, Li-San; Wang, Ruiqi; Weinhold, Leonie; Wiltfang, Jens; Windle, Gill; Woods, Bob; Yannakoulia, Mary; Zare, Habil; Zhao, Yi; Zhang, Xiaoling; Zhu, Congcong; Zulaica, Miren; Farrer, Lindsay A; Psaty, Bruce M; Ghanbari, Mohsen; Raj, Towfique; Sachdev, Perminder; Mather, Karen; Jessen, Frank; Ikram, M Arfan; de Mendonça, Alexandre; Hort, Jakub; Tsolaki, Magda; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A; Amouyel, Philippe; Williams, Julie; Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth; Clarimon, Jordi; Deleuze, Jean-François; Rossi, Giacomina; Seshadri, Sudha; Andreassen, Ole A; Ingelsson, Martin; Hiltunen, Mikko; Sleegers, Kristel; Schellenberg, Gerard D; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Sims, Rebecca; van der Flier, Wiesje M; Ruiz, Agustín; Ramirez, Alfredo; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Laczo, Jan; Matoska, Vaclav; Serpente, Maria; Assogna, Francesca; Piras, Fabrizio; Piras, Federica; Ciullo, Valentina; Shofany, Jacob; Ferrarese, Carlo; Andreoni, Simona; Sala, Gessica; Zoia, Chiara Paola; Zompo, Maria Del; Benussi, Alberto; Bastiani, Patrizia; Takalo, Mari; Natunen, Teemu; Laatikainen, Tiina; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Antikainen, Riitta; Strandberg, Timo; Lindström, Jaana; Peltonen, Markku; Abraham, Richard; Al-Chalabi, Ammar; Bass, Nicholas J; Brayne, Carol; Brown, Kristelle S; Collinge, John; Craig, David; Deloukas, Pangiotis; Fox, Nick; Gerrish, Amy; Gill, Michael; Gwilliam, Rhian; Harold, Denise; Hollingworth, Paul; Johnston, Jarret A; Jones, Lesley; Lawlor, Brian; Livingston, Gill; Lovestone, Simon; Lupton, Michelle; Lynch, Aoibhinn; Mann, David; McGuinness, Bernadette; McQuillin, Andrew; O'Donovan, Michael C; Owen, Michael J; Passmore, Peter; Powell, John F; Proitsi, Petra; Rossor, Martin; Shaw, Christopher E; Smith, A David; Gurling, Hugh; Todd, Stephen; Mummery, Catherine; Ryan, Nathalie; Lacidogna, Giordano; Adarmes-Gómez, Ad; Mauleón, Ana; Pancho, Ana; Gailhajenet, Anna; Lafuente, Asunción; Macias-García, D; Martín, Elvira; Pelejà, Esther; Carrillo, F; Merlín, Isabel Sastre; Garrote-Espina, L; Vargas, Liliana; Carrion-Claro, M; Marín, M; Labrador, Ma; Buendia, Mar; Alonso, María Dolores; Guitart, Marina; Moreno, Mariona; Ibarria, Marta; Periñán, Mt; Aguilera, Nuria; Gómez-Garre, P; Cañabate, Pilar; Escuela, R; Pineda-Sánchez, R; Vigo-Ortega, R; Jesús, S; Preckler, Silvia; Rodrigo-Herrero, Silvia; Diego, Susana; Vacca, Alessandro; Roveta, Fausto; Salvadori, Nicola; Chipi, Elena; Boecker, Henning; Laske, Christoph; Perneczky, Robert; Anastasiou, Costas; Janowitz, Daniel; Malik, Rainer; Anastasiou, Anna; Parveen, Kayenat; Lage, Carmen; López-García, Sara; Antonell, Anna; Mihova, Kalina Yonkova; Belezhanska, Diyana; Weber, Heike; Kochen, Silvia; Solis, Patricia; Medel, Nancy; Lisso, Julieta; Sevillano, Zulma; Politis, Daniel G; Cores, Valeria; Cuesta, Carolina; Ortiz, Cecilia; Bacha, Juan Ignacio; Rios, Mario; Saenz, Aldo; Abalos, Mariana Sanchez; Kohler, Eduardo; Palacio, Dana Lis; Etchepareborda, Ignacio; Kohler, Matias; Novack, Gisela; Prestia, Federico Ariel; Galeano, Pablo; Castaño, Eduardo M; Germani, Sandra; Toso, Carlos Reyes; Rojo, Matias; Ingino, Carlos; Mangone, Carlos; Rubinsztein, David C; Teipel, Stefan; Fievet, Nathalie; Deramerourt, Vincent; Forsell, Charlotte; Thonberg, Håkan; Bjerke, Maria; Roeck, Ellen De; Martínez-Larrad, María Teresa; Olivar, Natividad; Aguilera, Nuria; Cano, Amanda; Cañabate, Pilar; Macias, Juan; Maroñas, Olalla; Nuñez-Llaves, Raúl; Olivé, Clàudia; Pelejá, Ester; Adarmes-Gómez, Astrid D; Alonso, María Dolores; Amer-Ferrer, Guillermo; Antequera, Martirio; Burguera, Juan Andrés; Carrillo, Fátima; Carrión-Claro, Mario; Casajeros, María José; Martinez de Pancorbo, Marian; Escuela, Rocío; Garrote-Espina, Lorena; Gómez-Garre, Pilar; Hevilla, Saray; Jesús, Silvia; Espinosa, Miguel Angel Labrador; Legaz, Agustina; López-García, Sara; Macias-García, Daniel; Manzanares, Salvadora; Marín, Marta; Marín-Muñoz, Juan; Marín, Tamara; Martínez, Begoña; Martínez, Victoriana; Martínez-Lage Álvarez, Pablo; Iriarte, Maite Mendioroz; Periñán-Tocino, María Teresa; Pineda-Sánchez, Rocío; Real de Asúa, Diego; Rodrigo, Silvia; Sastre, Isabel; Vicente, Maria Pilar; Vigo-Ortega, Rosario; Vivancos, Liliana; Epelbaum, Jacques; Hannequin, Didier; Campion, Dominique; Deramecourt, Vincent; Tzourio, Christophe; Brice, Alexis; Dubois, Bruno; Williams, Amy; Thomas, Charlene; Davies, Chloe; Nash, William; Dowzell, Kimberley; Morales, Atahualpa Castillo; Bernardo-Harrington, Mateus; Turton, James; Lord, Jenny; Brown, Kristelle; Vardy, Emma; Fisher, Elizabeth; Warren, Jason D; Rossor, Martin; Ryan, Natalie S; Guerreiro, Rita; Uphill, James; Bass, Nick; Heun, Reinhard; Kölsch, Heike; Schürmann, Britta; Lacour, André; Herold, Christine; Johnston, Janet A; Passmore, Peter; Powell, John; Patel, Yogen; Hodges, Angela; Becker, Tim; Warden, Donald; Wilcock, Gordon; Clarke, Robert; Deloukas, Panagiotis; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Hooper, Nigel M; Pickering-Brown, Stuart; Sussams, Rebecca; Warner, Nick; Bayer, Anthony; Heuser, Isabella; Drichel, Dmitriy; Klopp, Norman; Mayhaus, Manuel; Riemenschneider, Matthias; Pinchler, Sabrina; Feulner, Thomas; Gu, Wei; van den Bussche, Hendrik; Hüll, Michael; Frölich, Lutz; Wichmann, H-Erich; Jöckel, Karl-Heinz; O'Donovan, Michael; Owen, Michael; Bahrami, Shahram; Bosnes, Ingunn; Selnes, Per; Bergh, Sverre; Palotie, Aarno; Daly, Mark; Jacob, Howard; Matakidou, Athena; Runz, Heiko; John, Sally; Plenge, Robert; McCarthy, Mark; Hunkapiller, Julie; Ehm, Meg; Waterworth, Dawn; Fox, Caroline; Malarstig, Anders; Klinger, Kathy; Call, Kathy; Behrens, Tim; Loerch, Patrick; Mäkelä, Tomi; Kaprio, Jaakko; Virolainen, Petri; Pulkki, Kari; Kilpi, Terhi; Perola, Markus; Partanen, Jukka; Pitkäranta, Anne; Kaarteenaho, Riitta; Vainio, Seppo; Turpeinen, Miia; Serpi, Raisa; Laitinen, Tarja; Mäkelä, Johanna; Kosma, Veli-Matti; Kujala, Urho; Tuovila, Outi; Hendolin, Minna; Pakkanen, Raimo; Waring, Jeff; Riley-Gillis, Bridget; Liu, Jimmy; Biswas, Shameek; Diogo, Dorothee; Marshall, Catherine; Hu, Xinli; Gossel, Matthias; Graham, Robert; Cummings, Beryl; Ripatti, Samuli; Schleutker, Johanna; Arvas, Mikko; Carpén, Olli; Hinttala, Reetta; Kettunen, Johannes; Mannermaa, Arto; Laukkanen, Jari; Julkunen, Valtteri; Remes, Anne; Kälviäinen, Reetta; Peltola, Jukka; Tienari, Pentti; Rinne, Juha; Ziemann, Adam; Waring, Jeffrey; Esmaeeli, Sahar; Smaoui, Nizar; Lehtonen, Anne; Eaton, Susan; Lahdenperä, Sanni; van Adelsberg, Janet; Michon, John; Kerchner, Geoff; Bowers, Natalie; Teng, Edmond; Eicher, John; Mehta, Vinay; Gormley, Padhraig; Linden, Kari; Whelan, Christopher; Xu, Fanli; Pulford, David; Färkkilä, Martti; Pikkarainen, Sampsa; Jussila, Airi; Blomster, Timo; Kiviniemi, Mikko; Voutilainen, Markku; Georgantas, Bob; Heap, Graham; Rahimov, Fedik; Usiskin, Keith; Lu, Tim; Oh, Danny; Kalpala, Kirsi; Miller, Melissa; McCarthy, Linda; Eklund, Kari; Palomäki, Antti; Isomäki, Pia; Pirilä, Laura; Kaipiainen-Seppänen, Oili; Huhtakangas, Johanna; Lertratanakul, Apinya; Hochfeld, Marla; Bing, Nan; Gordillo, Jorge Esparza; Mars, Nina; Pelkonen, Margit; Kauppi, Paula; Kankaanranta, Hannu; Harju, Terttu; Close, David; Greenberg, Steven; Chen, Hubert; Betts, Jo; Ghosh, Soumitra; Salomaa, Veikko; Niiranen, Teemu; Juonala, Markus; Metsärinne, Kaj; Kähönen, Mika; Junttila, Juhani; Laakso, Markku; Pihlajamäki, Jussi; Sinisalo, Juha; Taskinen, Marja-Riitta; Tuomi, Tiinamaija; Challis, Ben; Peterson, Andrew; Chu, Audrey; Parkkinen, Jaakko; Muslin, Anthony; Joensuu, Heikki; Meretoja, Tuomo; Aaltonen, Lauri; Mattson, Johanna; Auranen, Annika; Karihtala, Peeter; Kauppila, Saila; Auvinen, Päivi; Elenius, Klaus; Popovic, Relja; Schutzman, Jennifer; Loboda, Andrey; Chhibber, Aparna; Lehtonen, Heli; McDonough, Stefan; Crohns, Marika; Kulkarni, Diptee; Kaarniranta, Kai; Turunen, Joni A; Ollila, Terhi; Seitsonen, Sanna; Uusitalo, Hannu; Aaltonen, Vesa; Uusitalo-Järvinen, Hannele; Luodonpää, Marja; Hautala, Nina; Loomis, Stephanie; Strauss, Erich; Chen, Hao; Podgornaia, Anna; Hoffman, Joshua; Tasanen, Kaisa; Huilaja, Laura; Hannula-Jouppi, Katariina; Salmi, Teea; Peltonen, Sirkku; Koulu, Leena; Harvima, Ilkka; Wu, Ying; Choy, David; Pussinen, Pirkko; Salminen, Aino; Salo, Tuula; Rice, David; Nieminen, Pekka; Palotie, Ulla; Siponen, Maria; Suominen, Liisa; Mäntylä, Päivi; Gursoy, Ulvi; Anttonen, Vuokko; Sipilä, Kirsi; Davis, Justin Wade; Quarless, Danjuma; Petrovski, Slavé; Wigmore, Eleonor; Chen, Chia-Yen; Bronson, Paola; Tsai, Ellen; Huang, Yunfeng; Maranville, Joseph; Shaikho, Elmutaz; Mohammed, Elhaj; Wadhawan, Samir; Kvikstad, Erika; Caliskan, Minal; Chang, Diana; Bhangale, Tushar; Pendergrass, Sarah; Holzinger, Emily; Chen, Xing; Hedman, Åsa; King, Karen S; Wang, Clarence; Xu, Ethan; Auge, Franck; Chatelain, Clement; Rajpal, Deepak; Liu, Dongyu; Call, Katherine; Xia, Tai-He; Brauer, Matt; Kurki, Mitja; Karjalainen, Juha; Havulinna, Aki; Jalanko, Anu; Palta, Priit; Della Briotta Parolo, Pietro; Zhou, Wei; Lemmelä, Susanna; Rivas, Manuel; Harju, Jarmo; Lehisto, Arto; Ganna, Andrea; Llorens, Vincent; Laivuori, Hannele; Rüeger, Sina; Niemi, Mari E; Tukiainen, Taru; Reeve, Mary Pat; Heyne, Henrike; Palin, Kimmo; Garcia-Tabuenca, Javier; Siirtola, Harri; Kiiskinen, Tuomo; Lee, Jiwoo; Tsuo, Kristin; Elliott, Amanda; Kristiansson, Kati; Hyvärinen, Kati; Ritari, Jarmo; Koskinen, Miika; Pylkäs, Katri; Kalaoja, Marita; Karjalainen, Minna; Mantere, Tuomo; Kangasniemi, Eeva; Heikkinen, Sami; Laakkonen, Eija; Sipeky, Csilla; Heron, Samuel; Karlsson, Antti; Jambulingam, Dhanaprakash; Rathinakannan, Venkat Subramaniam; Kajanne, Risto; Aavikko, Mervi; Jiménez, Manuel González; Della Briotta Parola, Pietro; Lehistö, Arto; Kanai, Masahiro; Kaunisto, Mari; Kilpeläinen, Elina; Sipilä, Timo P; Brein, Georg; Awaisa, Ghazal; Shcherban, Anastasia; Donner, Kati; Loukola, Anu; Laiho, Päivi; Sistonen, Tuuli; Kaiharju, Essi; Laukkanen, Markku; Järvensivu, Elina; Lähteenmäki, Sini; Männikkö, Lotta; Wong, Regis; Mattsson, Hannele; Hiekkalinna, Tero; Paajanen, Teemu; Pärn, Kalle; Gracia-Tabuenca, Javier; Abner, Erin; Adams, Perrie M; Aguirre, Alyssa; Albert, Marilyn S; Albin, Roger L; Allen, Mariet; Alvarez, Lisa; Apostolova, Liana G; Arnold, Steven E; Asthana, Sanjay; Atwood, Craig S; Ayres, Gayle; Baldwin, Clinton T; Barber, Robert C; Barnes, Lisa L; Barral, Sandra; Beach, Thomas G; Becker, James T; Beecham, Gary W; Beekly, Duane; Below, Jennifer E; Benchek, Penelope; Benitez, Bruno A; Bennett, David; Bertelson, John; Margaret, Flanagan E; Bird, Thomas D; Blacker, Deborah; Boeve, Bradley F; Bowen, James D; Boxer, Adam; Brewer, James; Burke, James R; Burns, Jeffrey M; Bush, Will S; Buxbaum, Joseph D; Cairns, Nigel J; Cao, Chuanhai; Carlson, Christopher S; Carlsson, Cynthia M; Carney, Regina M; Carrasquillo, Minerva M; Chasse, Scott; Chesselet, Marie-Francoise; Chesi, Alessandra; Chin, Nathaniel A; Chui, Helena C; Chung, Jaeyoon; Craft, Suzanne; Crane, Paul K; Cribbs, David H; Crocco, Elizabeth A; Cruchaga, Carlos; Cuccaro, Michael L; Cullum, Munro; Darby, Eveleen; Davis, Barbara; De Jager, Philip L; DeCarli, Charles; DeToledo, John; Dick, Malcolm; Dickson, Dennis W; Dombroski, Beth A; Doody, Rachelle S; Duara, Ranjan; Ertekin-Taner, Nilüfer; Evans, Denis A; Fairchild, Thomas J; Fallon, Kenneth B; Farlow, Martin R; Farrell, John J; Fernandez-Hernandez, Victoria; Ferris, Steven; Frosch, Matthew P; Fulton-Howard, Brian; Galasko, Douglas R; Gamboa, Adriana; Gearing, Marla; Geschwind, Daniel H; Ghetti, Bernardino; Gilbert, John R; Grabowski, Thomas J; Graff-Radford, Neill R; Grant, Struan F A; Green, Robert C; Growdon, John H; Haines, Jonathan L; Hakonarson, Hakon; Hall, James; Hamilton, Ronald L; Harari, Oscar; Harrell, Lindy E; Haut, Jacob; Head, Elizabeth; Henderson, Victor W; Hernandez, Michelle; Hohman, Timothy; Honig, Lawrence S; Huebinger, Ryan M; Huentelman, Matthew J; Hulette, Christine M; Hyman, Bradley T; Hynan, Linda S; Ibanez, Laura; Jarvik, Gail P; Jayadev, Suman; Jin, Lee-Way; Johnson, Kim; Johnson, Leigh; Kamboh, M Ilyas; Karydas, Anna M; Katz, Mindy J; Kaye, Jeffrey A; Keene, C Dirk; Khaleeq, Aisha; Kim, Ronald; Knebl, Janice; Kowall, Neil W; Kramer, Joel H; Kuksa, Pavel P; LaFerla, Frank M; Lah, James J; Larson, Eric B; Lee, Chien-Yueh; Lee, Edward B; Lerner, Alan; Leung, Yuk Yee; Leverenz, James B; Levey, Allan I; Li, Mingyao; Lieberman, Andrew P; Lipton, Richard B; Logue, Mark; Lyketsos, Constantine G; Malamon, John; Mains, Douglas; Marson, Daniel C; Martiniuk, Frank; Mash, Deborah C; Masliah, Eliezer; Massman, Paul; Masurkar, Arjun; McCormick, Wayne C; McCurry, Susan M; McDavid, Andrew N; McDonough, Stefan; McKee, Ann C; Mesulam, Marsel; Mez, Jesse; Miller, Bruce L; Miller, Carol A; Miller, Joshua W; Montine, Thomas J; Monuki, Edwin S; Morris, John C; Myers, Amanda J; Nguyen, Trung; O'Bryant, Sid; Olichney, John M; Ory, Marcia; Palmer, Raymond; Parisi, Joseph E; Paulson, Henry L; Pavlik, Valory; Paydarfar, David; Perez, Victoria; Peskind, Elaine; Petersen, Ronald C; Phillips-Cremins, Jennifer E; Pierce, Aimee; Polk, Marsha; Poon, Wayne W; Potter, Huntington; Qu, Liming; Quiceno, Mary; Quinn, Joseph F; Raj, Ashok; Raskind, Murray; Reiman, Eric M; Reisberg, Barry; Reisch, Joan S; Ringman, John M; Roberson, Erik D; Rodriguear, Monica; Rogaeva, Ekaterina; Rosen, Howard J; Rosenberg, Roger N; Royall, Donald R; Sager, Mark A; Sano, Mary; Saykin, Andrew J; Schneider, Julie A; Schneider, Lon S; Seeley, William W; Slifer, Susan H; Small, Scott; Smith, Amanda G; Smith, Janet P; Song, Yeunjoo E; Sonnen, Joshua A; Spina, Salvatore; George-Hyslop, Peter St; Stern, Robert A; Stevens, Alan B; Strittmatter, Stephen M; Sultzer, David; Swerdlow, Russell H; Tanzi, Rudolph E; Tilson, Jeffrey L; Trojanowski, John Q; Troncoso, Juan C; Tsuang, Debby W; Valladares, Otto; Van Deerlin, Vivianna M; van Eldik, Linda J; Vassar, Robert; Vinters, Harry V; Vonsattel, Jean-Paul; Weintraub, Sandra; Welsh-Bohmer, Kathleen A; Whitehead, Patrice L; Wijsman, Ellen M; Wilhelmsen, Kirk C; Williams, Benjamin; Williamson, Jennifer; Wilms, Henrik; Wingo, Thomas S; Wisniewski, Thomas; Woltjer, Randall L; Woon, Martin; Wright, Clinton B; Wu, Chuang-Kuo; Younkin, Steven G; Yu, Chang-En; Yu, Lei; Zhang, Yuanchao; Zhao, Yi; Zhu, Xiongwei; Adams, Hieab; Akinyemi, Rufus O; Ali, Muhammad; Armstrong, Nicola; Aparicio, Hugo J; Bahadori, Maryam; Becker, James T; Breteler, Monique; Chasman, Daniel; Chauhan, Ganesh; Comic, Hata; Cox, Simon; Cupples, Adrienne L; Davies, Gail; DeCarli, Charles S; Duperron, Marie-Gabrielle; Dupuis, Josée; Evans, Tavia; Fan, Frank; Fitzpatrick, Annette; Fohner, Alison E; Ganguli, Mary; Geerlings, Mirjam; Glatt, Stephen J; Gonzalez, Hector M; Goss, Monica; Grabe, Hans; Habes, Mohamad; Heckbert, Susan R; Hofer, Edith; Hong, Elliot; Hughes, Timothy; Kautz, Tiffany F; Knol, Maria; Kremen, William; Lacaze, Paul; Lahti, Jari; Grand, Quentin Le; Litkowski, Elizabeth; Li, Shuo; Liu, Dan; Liu, Xuan; Loitfelder, Marisa; Manning, Alisa; Maillard, Pauline; Marioni, Riccardo; Mazoyer, Bernard; van Lent, Debora Melo; Mei, Hao; Mishra, Aniket; Nyquist, Paul; O'Connell, Jeffrey; Patel, Yash; Paus, Tomas; Pausova, Zdenka; Raikkonen-Talvitie, Katri; Riaz, Moeen; Rich, Stephen; Rotter, Jerome; Romero, Jose; Roshchupkin, Gena; Saba, Yasaman; Sargurupremraj, Murali; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Shulman, Joshua M; Smith, Jennifer; Sekhar, Hema; Rajula, Reddy; Shin, Jean; Simino, Jeannette; Sliz, Eeva; Teumer, Alexander; Thomas, Alvin; Tin, Adrienne; Tucker-Drob, Elliot; Vojinovic, Dina; Wang, Yanbing; Weinstein, Galit; Williams, Dylan; Wittfeld, Katharina; Yanek, Lisa; Yang, Yunju
Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/'proxy' AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 risk loci, of which 42 were new at the time of analysis. Pathway enrichment analyses confirmed the involvement of amyloid/tau pathways and highlighted microglia implication. Gene prioritization in the new loci identified 31 genes that were suggestive of new genetically associated processes, including the tumor necrosis factor alpha pathway through the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex. We also built a new genetic risk score associated with the risk of future AD/dementia or progression from mild cognitive impairment to AD/dementia. The improvement in prediction led to a 1.6- to 1.9-fold increase in AD risk from the lowest to the highest decile, in addition to effects of age and the APOE ε4 allele.
PMCID:9005347
PMID: 35379992
ISSN: 1546-1718
CID: 5213092

Trajectories of Neurologic Recovery 12 Months After Hospitalization for COVID-19: A Prospective Longitudinal Study

Frontera, Jennifer A; Yang, Dixon; Medicherla, Chaitanya; Baskharoun, Samuel; Bauman, Kristie; Bell, Lena; Bhagat, Dhristie; Bondi, Steven; Chervinsky, Alexander; Dygert, Levi; Fuchs, Benjamin; Gratch, Daniel; Hasanaj, Lisena; Horng, Jennifer; Huang, Joshua; Jauregui, Ruben; Ji, Yuan; Kahn, D Ethan; Koch, Ethan; Lin, Jessica; Liu, Susan; Olivera, Anlys; Rosenthal, Jonathan; Snyder, Thomas; Stainman, Rebecca; Talmasov, Daniel; Thomas, Betsy; Valdes, Eduard; Zhou, Ting; Zhu, Yingrong; Lewis, Ariane; Lord, Aaron S; Melmed, Kara; Meropol, Sharon B; Thawani, Sujata; Troxel, Andrea B; Yaghi, Shadi; Balcer, Laura J; Wisniewski, Thomas; Galetta, Steven
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Little is known about trajectories of recovery 12-months after hospitalization for severe COVID. METHODS:We conducted a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of patients with and without neurological complications during index hospitalization for COVID-19 from March 10, 2020-May 20, 2020. Phone follow-up batteries were performed at 6- and 12-months post-COVID symptom onset. The primary 12-month outcome was the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) comparing patients with or without neurological complications using multivariable ordinal analysis. Secondary outcomes included: activities of daily living (Barthel Index), telephone Montreal Cognitive Assessment (t-MoCA) and Neuro-QoL batteries for anxiety, depression, fatigue and sleep. Changes in outcome scores from 6 to 12-months were compared using non-parametric paired-samples sign test. RESULTS:Twelve-month follow-up was completed in N=242 patients (median age 65, 64% male, 34% intubated during hospitalization) and N=174 completed both 6- and 12-month follow-up. At 12-months 197/227 (87%) had ≥1 abnormal metric: mRS>0 (75%), Barthel<100 (64%), t-MoCA≤18 (50%), high anxiety (7%), depression (4%), fatigue (9%) and poor sleep (10%). 12-month mRS scores did not differ significantly among those with (N=113) or without (N=129) neurological complications during hospitalization after adjusting for age, sex, race, pre-COVID mRS and intubation status (adjusted OR 1.4, 95% CI0.8-2.5), though those with neurological complications had higher fatigue scores (T-score 47 vs 44, P=0.037). Significant improvements in outcome trajectories from 6- to 12-months were observed in t-MoCA scores (56% improved, median difference 1 point, P=0.002), and Neuro-QoL anxiety scores (45% improved, P=0.003). Non-significant improvements occurred in fatigue, sleep and depression scores in 48%, 48% and 38% of patients, respectively. Barthel and mRS scores remained unchanged between 6 and 12-months in >50% of patients. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:At 12-months post-hospitalization for severe COVID, 87% of patients had ongoing abnormalities in functional, cognitive or Neuro-QoL metrics and abnormal cognition persisted in 50% of patients without a prior history of dementia/cognitive abnormality. Only fatigue severity differed significantly between patients with or without neurological complications during index hospitalization. However, significant improvements in cognitive (t-MoCA) and anxiety (Neuro-QoL) scores occurred in 56% and 45% of patients, respectively, between 6- to 12-months. These results may not be generalizable to those with mild/moderate COVID.
PMID: 35314503
ISSN: 1526-632x
CID: 5192402

Cognitive Function among World Trade Center-Exposed Community Members with Mental Health Symptoms

Rosen, Rebecca; Shao, Yongzhao; Zhang, Qiao; Bao, Jia; Zhang, Yian; Masurkar, Arjun; Wisniewski, Thomas; Urban, Nina; Reibman, Joan
The World Trade Center Environmental Health Center (WTC EHC), is a federally designated clinical center of excellence for surveillance and treatment of WTC disaster exposed community members (WTC Survivors). Cognitive impairment (CI) has been extensively described in WTC responders and a concern for progressive impairment in all WTC disaster exposed groups has been raised. Cognitive status, however, has not been systematically characterized in the WTC Survivor population. We describe cognitive status in a subgroup of the Survivor population referred for mental health evaluation (N = 480) in the WTC EHC as measured by scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument, and examine their association with WTC exposures and individual-level covariates including PTSD and depression screening inventory scores. In regression analyses, probable cognitive impairment (MoCA score &lt; 26) was found in 59% of the study subjects and was significantly associated with age, race/ethnicity, education, income, depression and PTSD scores. Being caught in the dust cloud on 11 September 2011 was significantly associated with cognitive impairment even after controlling for the above. These data suggest an association with cognitive dysfunction in WTC Survivors with exposure to the toxic dust/fumes and psychological stress from the 9/11 terrorist attack and warrant further systematic study.
PMCID:8948727
PMID: 35329128
ISSN: 1660-4601
CID: 5184832

Exploration of Rapid Automatized Naming and Standard Visual Tests in Prodromal Alzheimer Disease Detection

Wu, Shirley Z; Nolan-Kenney, Rachel; Moehringer, Nicholas J; Hasanaj, Lisena F; Joseph, Binu M; Clayton, Ashley M; Rucker, Janet C; Galetta, Steven L; Wisniewski, Thomas M; Masurkar, Arjun V; Balcer, Laura J
BACKGROUND:Visual tests in Alzheimer disease (AD) have been examined over the last several decades to identify a sensitive and noninvasive marker of the disease. Rapid automatized naming (RAN) tasks have shown promise for detecting prodromal AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The purpose of this investigation was to determine the capacity for new rapid image and number naming tests and other measures of visual pathway structure and function to distinguish individuals with MCI due to AD from those with normal aging and cognition. The relation of these tests to vision-specific quality of life scores was also examined in this pilot study. METHODS:Participants with MCI due to AD and controls from well-characterized NYU research and clinical cohorts performed high and low-contrast letter acuity (LCLA) testing, as well as RAN using the Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) and Staggered Uneven Number test, and vision-specific quality of life scales, including the 25-Item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) and 10-Item Neuro-Ophthalmic Supplement. Individuals also underwent optical coherence tomography scans to assess peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer thicknesses. Hippocampal atrophy on brain MRI was also determined from the participants' Alzheimer disease research center or clinical data. RESULTS:Participants with MCI (n = 14) had worse binocular LCLA at 1.25% contrast compared with controls (P = 0.009) and longer (worse) MULES test times (P = 0.006) with more errors in naming images (P = 0.009) compared with controls (n = 16). These were the only significantly different visual tests between groups. MULES test times (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = 0.79), MULES errors (AUC = 0.78), and binocular 1.25% LCLA (AUC = 0.78) showed good diagnostic accuracy for distinguishing MCI from controls. A combination of the MULES score and 1.25% LCLA demonstrated the greatest capacity to distinguish (AUC = 0.87). These visual measures were better predictors of MCI vs control status than the presence of hippocampal atrophy on brain MRI in this cohort. A greater number of MULES test errors (rs = -0.50, P = 0.005) and worse 1.25% LCLA scores (rs = 0.39, P = 0.03) were associated with lower (worse) NEI-VFQ-25 scores. CONCLUSIONS:Rapid image naming (MULES) and LCLA are able to distinguish MCI due to AD from normal aging and reflect vision-specific quality of life. Larger studies will determine how these easily administered tests may identify patients at risk for AD and serve as measures in disease-modifying therapy clinical trials.
PMID: 34029274
ISSN: 1536-5166
CID: 4878882