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The Influence of Hand Dominance in Wrist Fracture Post-Operative Functional Evaluation

Wollstein, Ronit; Michael, Dafna; Harel, Hani; Carlson, Lois
Sensorimotor testing is used to measure outcomes in surgery, to document results of treatment and rehabilitation, and to compare results between surgeons, therapists, and institutions. When performing sensorimotor testing, failure to address dominant side differences may cause a bias in evaluation of outcomes. This study evaluated the effect of hand dominance on outcomes testing performed on patients following surgery for distal radius fractures (DRF). We hypothesized that the injured dominant hand will perform differently than the injured non-dominant hand. This is a retrospective study of patients following DRF treated surgically and evaluated in therapy. The patients were evaluated at fixed intervals: initially, at 6 weeks, and at 3 months post-surgery. Testing included grip strength, monofilaments, static and moving 2-point discrimination, Moberg testing, and stereognosis. Sixty patients included 46 (76.6%) females. Age averaged 62.1 (standard deviation: 16.9) years, and 54 were right-handed (90%). There were differences between dominant and non-dominant hand injury in 2 of 9 tests of sensibility for each time period, including little finger monofilament and Moberg testing initially, and moving 2-point discrimination in the little finger, monofilament testing of the thumb at 3 months. Both groups improved between initial and 3-month evaluation without differences in amount of improvement. Despite some significant differences in the applied tests between dominant and non-dominant injured hands, our results do not support correction for hand-dominance when using the described examinations in evaluating outcomes following DRF surgery.
PMID: 34760841
ISSN: 2292-5503
CID: 5050642

Palmar Musculature: Does It Affect the Development of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? A Pilot Study

Simcox, Trevor; Seo, Lauren; Dunham, Kevin; Huang, Shengnan; Petchprapa, Catherine; Wollstein, Ronit
PMID: 34109061
ISSN: 2163-3916
CID: 5017942

A novel mutation in MYCN gene causing congenital absence of the flexor pollicis longus tendon as an unusual presentation of Feingold syndrome 1

Peleg, Amir; Kurolap, Alina; Sagi-Dain, Lena; Larom-Khan, G; Adir, V; Mory, Adi; Paperna, Tamar; Shuldiner, A R; Gonzaga-Jauregui, C; Adir, Noam; Baris Feldman, Hagit; Wollstein, R
Feingold syndrome 1 (FGLDS1) is an autosomal dominant malformation syndrome, characterized by skeletal anomalies, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, gastrointestinal atresias and learning disabilities. Mutations in the MYCN gene are known to be the cause of this syndrome. Congenital absence of the flexor pollicis longus (CAFPL) tendon is a rare hand anomaly. Most cases are sporadic and no genetic variants have been described associated with this abnormality. We describe here a pedigree combining familial CAFPL tendon as a feature of FGLDS1. Molecular analyses of whole exome sequence data in five affected family members spanning three generations of this family revealed a novel mutation in the MYCN gene (c.1171C>T; p.Arg391Cys). Variants in MYCN have not been published in association with isolated or syndromic CAFPL tendon, nor has this been described as a skeletal feature of Feingold syndrome. This report expands on the clinical and molecular spectrum of MYCN-related disorders and highlights the importance of MYCN protein in normal human thumb and foramen development.
PMID: 32925198
ISSN: 1473-5717
CID: 4609482

Using Extensor Retinaculum to Reconstruct the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint Ulnar Collateral Ligament

Mastella, Daniel; Gorski, John; Ashmead, Duffield; Wollstein, Ronit
Chronic complete tears of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb metacarpophalangeal joint often require surgical reconstruction. The indications, materials used, and the methods for reconstruction remain controversial. We describe a technique for reconstruction that utilizes a slip of the extensor retinaculum for reconstruction. The advantages of extensor retinaculum as a graft choice are that it matches the native ligament with a synovial and nonsynovial surface, has elasticity similar to the ligament and minimal donor site morbidity. Reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament with this graft successfully restores pinch.
PMID: 33165166
ISSN: 1531-6572
CID: 4675882

Trigger Fingers After Open Carpal Tunnel Release

Ashmead, Duffield; Okada, Haruko; Macknin, Jonathan; Naalt, Steven Vander; Staff, Ilene; Wollstein, Ronit
Trigger finger (TF) and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are common conditions often occurring together with an unclear relationship. While some studies conclude that TFs occur as a result of carpal tunnel release (CTR), others have not established a causal relationship. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence and timing of TF development in the same hand after open CTR in our population. This was a retrospective review of 497 patients undergoing open CTR by a single surgeon. Two hundred twenty-nine charts were analysed for age, gender, handedness, BMI, workers' compensation status, and background disease. We analysed the specific digit involved and timing to development of triggering after CTR. Thirty-one patients developed triggering after CTR (13.5%). Mean age was 52.5 (14.0) years. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 53 months with a median follow-up of 6 months (interquartile range = 2-13). The thumb was the most common to trigger (42.22%), followed by the ring 24.44%, middle 22.22%, little 8.89%, and index fingers 2.22%. Trigger thumb occurred at 3.5 months (3.6) post-operatively, while other digits triggered at 7.5 months (4-10.25) after surgery (P = .022). No risk factors were associated with TF development. Our results suggest that a trigger thumb develops more frequently and earlier than other trigger digits after an open CTR. Further study is needed to clarify the mechanisms involved and may enable specific treatment such as local anti-inflammatory medication following CTR. We suggest educating prospective carpal tunnel surgery patients to high risk of triggering following CTR.
PMID: 33215032
ISSN: 2292-5503
CID: 4671362

Results of a Multidisciplinary Clinic to Prevent Second Fragility Fracture [Meeting Abstract]

Khazen, N S; Steier, M; Wollstein, R
Purpose: Identifying and treating patients with fragility fractures may be effective in prevention of consequent fractures since a first fragility fracture predicts a second fracture. Since fracture liaisons have been shown to be effective in preventing fracture occurrence, a multidisciplinary anti-osteoporotic clinic designed for patients with prior distal radius fragility fractures (DRF) was formed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this clinic. We hypothesized that targeting this early fracture may be effective in prevention of a second fracture.
Method(s):A retrospective case-control study. Cases included patients treated surgically for a DRF fragility fracture, assigned to a tertiary, multidisciplinary, fracture prevention clinic. Controls constituted a series of similarly treated patients in the same health system that did not attend the clinic. Our main outcome was a second fracture during the follow-up period.
Result(s):Average follow-up period was 42 months in the treated group and 85 months in the untreated group. The treated group was treated significantly more for osteoporosis than the control group. There was one new fracture in the treated group, and 6 new fractures in the control group. Using multivariate analysis, follow-up period was not a significant factor in new fracture occurrence. There was no significant difference in fracture occurrence between the groups.
Conclusion(s):The evidence from this study supports implementation of the multidisciplinary anti-osteoporotic clinic in treating osteoporosis but not in reducing subsequent fractures. Despite a significant difference in treatment, there was no difference in fracture occurrence. Though it is possible that we were underpowered to detect a difference in fracture incidence and that longer follow-up is needed, it is also possible that our treatment is not effective enough
ISSN: 1523-4681
CID: 4774362

Translation of 2-Dimensional Wrist Radiographic Measurements to 3-Dimensional CT Scans

Wollstein, Ronit; Kramer, Aviv; Babb, James; Petchprapa, Catherine
Background: Anatomical structure affects function. The morphology of articulations dictates the way forces will travel through the joint. A better understanding of the structure and function of the wrist will enhance our ability to diagnose and treat wrist conditions. Two wrist types have been described based on the morphology of the midcarpal joint. Biomechanically it is important to see if these 2-dimensional (2D) observations reflect articular contact areas. Our purpose was to assess the correlation between measurements performed on wrist radiographs (2D) to measurements performed on 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT). Methods: Retrospective review of a database of normal wrist radiographs and corresponding normal CT scans. Only imaging pairs with normal carpal alignment and technically optimal imaging were included. Evaluations included lunate, capitate and wrist type, capitate circumference, percent capitate circumference and volume that articulates with the lunate, scapholunate ligament, scaphoid, hamate, trapezoid, base of the index and middle and ring metacarpal bones. Results: Midcarpal joint radiographic measurements were positively correlated with measurements on CT scans. Correlations were 0.51 for capitate type and 0.71 for lunate type with both p < 0.001. Percent contact of the lunate with the hamate: r was 0.74 p < 0.001. Using logistic regression analysis, percent lunate-hamate contact on CT was a significant predictor of radiographic lunate type 2 p < 0.001. Percent contact area between lunate and hamate > 7.8% on CT scan achieved a sensitivity of 100% and specificity 79.4% for a type 2 lunate. Conclusions: 1) Good correlations found between CT and plain radiographs in lunate type, capitate type, and midcarpal joint contact support the use of plain radiographs to describe contact between the carpal bones in the clinical setting. 2) The retrospective nature of this study limited the technical quality of the measurements. Volumetric analysis may aid in a more exact evaluation of surface contact area.
PMID: 32723043
ISSN: 2424-8363
CID: 4581162

Axillary web syndrome following collagenase injection for Dupuytren's contracture: a case report [Letter]

Soares, Jan; Wollstein, Ronit; Ashmead, Duffield
ISSN: 1753-1934
CID: 4526672

Capitate and Lunate Morphology in Normal Wrist Radiographs-A Pilot Study

Wollstein, Ronit; Rubinstein, Roee; Friedlander, Scott; Werner, Frederick
BACKGROUND:Morphology may provide the basis for the understanding of wrist mechanics. METHODS:We used classification systems based on cadaver dissection of lunate and capitate types to evaluate a normal database of 70 wrist radiographs in 35 subjects looking for associations between bone shapes. Kappa statistics and a log-linear mixed -effects model with a random intercept were used. RESULTS:There were 39 type-1, 31 type- 2 lunates, 50 spherical, 10 flat and 10 V-shaped capitates. There was a significant difference in lunate and capitate shape between the hands of the same individual p <0.001. This may be due to different loads on the dominant vs. nondominant hands in the same individual. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Further study to better understand the development of radiographic parameters of the midcarpal joint may aid in our understanding of the morphology and mechanics of the wrist.
PMID: 30520379
ISSN: 1875-6360
CID: 4614132

Association between Functional Outcomes and Radiographic Reduction Following Surgery for Distal Radius Fractures

Wollstein, Ronit; Allon, Raviv; Zvi, Yoav; Katz, Alan; Werech, Sharon; Palmon, Orit
Background: Quality of reduction in distal radius fractures (DRF) is assessed using radiographic parameters, however few studies examine the association between radiographic measurements and functional outcomes. Our purpose was to evaluate the relationship between radiographic measurements and clinical outcome measures following surgery for DRF using detailed testing to demonstrate further associations between post-surgical radiographic measurements and function. Methods: Measurements were performed on postoperative radiographs of 38 patients following ORIF of DRF. Measurements included: radial inclination, radial height, ulnar variance, volar tilt, radiocarpal interval (d2/w2), and the intra-articular step-off. Clinical outcome measures included motion, grip strength, functional dexterity testing, Moberg pick-up test, specific activities of daily living, DASH score, pain scale, manual-assessment questionnaire. Results: Different radiographic parameters correlated with different specific tasks. The parameter correlated with most functional tasks was ulnar-variance. Radial inclination, radial-styloid scaphoid distance, and fracture classification correlated with some functions. Intraarticular step-off, and radial height were not associated with functional testing. Conclusions: Surgical radiographic results may affect post-operative function. Detailed task specific testing may enable a better evaluation of surgical outcomes. Further study and refinement of functional assessment may change our surgical goals in DRF.
PMID: 31438791
ISSN: 2424-8363
CID: 4113652