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Postburn peroneal nerve palsy--a report of two consecutive cases [Case Report]

Lippin, Y; Shvoron, A; Yaffe, B; Zwas, S T; Tsur, H
We report two patients suffering from mixed deep partial and full skin thickness flame burns covering 45 and 95 per cent of the total body surface area respectively. These patients, following sepsis and multisystem failure, developed unilateral peroneal nerve palsy. The possible aetiology of isolated injury to the peroneal nerve in burned and critically ill trauma patients is discussed.
PMID: 8507374
ISSN: 0305-4179
CID: 2135262

Sulfasalazine pneumonitis [Case Report]

Yaffe BH; Korelitz BI
A man with alleged Crohn's disease of the terminal ileum was started on sulfasalazine. Five weeks later he developed progressive cough, shortness of breath, and fever associated with peripheral eosinophilia and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates. After withdrawal of sulfasalazine all abnormalities returned to normal. This case supports the conviction that there is an entity of sulfasalazine-induced lung disease
PMID: 6136183
ISSN: 0002-9270
CID: 65411

Prognosis for nonoperative management of small-bowel obstruction in Crohn's disease

Yaffe BH; Korelitz BI
Small-bowel obstruction has been the most common indication for surgical intervention in Crohn's disease. If, however, obstruction relents without surgery, new programs of management may reduce or eliminate the need for resection. Over 7 years, 25 of 26 patients were relieved of an index episode of ileal obstruction--in most cases aided by a small-bowel tube and intravenous ACTH. They were then maintained on medical therapy, sulfasalazine (SASZ) alone in seven, SASZ and intermittent prednisone in 18, and then 6-mercaptopurine with or without SASZ in 14 of those 18. Seven patients have had no recurrence of obstruction after an average follow-up of 52 months. Recurrent obstruction occurred 52 times in 18 patients over the next 16-106 months; in all the obstruction was again relieved nonoperatively. Twelve patients underwent elective surgery, for recurrent obstruction in nine. Eight months seemed to offer a useful cutoff criterion for the likelihood of recurrence. When recurrence of obstruction took place within 8 months, surgery was ultimately required in six of seven patients. In contrast, patients who weathered the first 8 months without obstruction did well; only three of 11 ultimately required resection. Of 18 patients without recurrent obstruction for 8 months, only five were eventually operated upon, two for other indications; in 11 of the 13 patients who underwent no operation, the quality of life was excellent or good. We conclude that if the initial episode of small-bowel obstruction can be reversed, subsequent maintenance therapy including SASZ, and/or 6-mercaptopurine with an intermittent liquid diet in some patients eliminates or postpones the need for resection without compromise of the quality of life
PMID: 6306093
ISSN: 0192-0790
CID: 65412


ISSN: 0002-9270
CID: 688992