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Evaluation of the Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program: Stimulating health professional students to pursue careers in substance use research

Hanley, Kathleen; Bereket, Sewit; Tuchman, Ellen; More, Frederick G; Naegle, Madeline A; Kalet, Adina; Goldfield, Keith; Gourevitch, Marc N
BACKGROUND:We developed and implemented the Substance Abuse Research Education and Training (SARET) program for medical, dental, nursing, and social work students to address the dearth of health professionals pursuing research and careers in substance use disorders (SUD). SARET has two main components: (1) A novel online curriculum addressing core SUD research topics, to reach a large number of students. (2) A mentored summer research experience for in-depth exposure. METHODS:Modules were integrated into the curricula of the lead institution, and of five external schools. We assessed the number of web modules completed and their effect on students' interest in SUD research. We also assessed the impact of the mentorship experience on participants' attitudes and early career trajectories, including current involvement in SUD research. RESULTS:Since 2008, over 24,000 modules have been completed by approximately 9,700 individuals. In addition to integration of the modules into curricula at the lead institution, all five health-professional partner schools integrated at least one module and approximately 5,500 modules were completed by individuals outside the lead institution. We found an increase in interest in SUD research after completion of the modules for students in all four disciplines. From 2008-2015, 76 students completed summer mentorships; 8 students completed year-long mentorships; 13 published in SUD-related journals, 18 presented at national conferences, and 3 are actively engaged in SUD-related research. Mentorship participants reported a positive influence on their attitudes towards SUD-related clinical care, research, and inter-professional collaboration, leading in some cases to changes in career plans. CONCLUSIONS:A modular curriculum that stimulates clinical and research interest in SUD can be successfully integrated, into medical, dental, nursing, and social work curricula. The SARET program of mentored research participation fostered early research successes and influenced career choice of some participants. Longer-term follow-up will enable us to assess more distal careers of the program.
PMID: 29565782
ISSN: 1547-0164
CID: 3001262

Project SARET: An interprofessional education (IPE) lens examines substance use disorders research education for health professional students

Naegle, Madeline A; Hanley, Kathleen; Gourevitch, Marc N; Tuchman, Ellen; More, Frederick G; Bereket, Sewit
The NIDA funded Substance Abuse Education, Research and Training (SARET) Program addresses the compelling need for health professionals prepared to engage in substance use disorders (SUD) research. The goal of this interprofessional project, structured by an Executive Committee of co-investigators from the disciplines of medicine, nursing, social work and dentistry, is to increase the skills of students from each discipline for interprofessional research collaboration and early career-development opportunities in SUD research. The development of web-based modules, interprofessional seminars and a model mentorship program were designed as well, for dissemination and evaluation by other health professional schools. The educational format is 6 interactive web-based learning modules, providing an overview of core content on Substance Use Disorders (SUD), summer or year-long mentored research experiences with NIH-funded researchers and small interprofessional seminars and site visits. Assessment consists of self-reported annual student learning outcomes and external editorial and advisory board project and curricular materials review. These reviews encourages the updating of materials and provide flexibility for participating "champions" at other schools who use the modules. Quantitative and qualitative outcomes of student research activities and data on dissemination of modules support the fit between project content and interprofessional teaching modalities. The learning modules are available without charge to individuals, students, faculty or health professional programs from the project's website.
PMID: 29359199
ISSN: 2405-4526
CID: 2927412

Interprofessional Educational Experience Among Dietitians After a Pediatric Dentistry Clinical Rotation

Fernandez, Jill B; Ahearn, Kelly; Atar, Michael; More, Frederick G; Sasson, Lisa; Rosenberg, Linda; Godfrey, Emilie; Sehl, Rima; Daronch, Marcia
Interprofessional education is interactive learning focused on collaboration and prepares professionals to improve patient care in a collaborative team environment. This article explores how registered dietitians' views and clinical practices regarding pediatric oral health and nutrition have been influenced by interprofessional education with pediatric dentists. Surveys were e-mailed to 150 dietitians who graduated from New York University and may have participated in a pediatric dental rotation between 2005 and 2010. Out of the 109 who were eligible, 36 (33%) responded. The respondents experienced positive collaboration (72%) as well as an increase in awareness (61%) and knowledge (58%) of the relationship between oral health and dietary habits. Dietitians and dentists have the potential to address overall health and the current obesity epidemic.
ISSN: 1550-5146
CID: 2676952

Integration and Evaluation of Substance Abuse Research Education Training (SARET) into a Master of Social Work program

Tuchman, Ellen; Hanley, Kathleen; Naegle, Madeline; More, Frederick; Bereket, Sewit; Gourevitch, Marc N
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment. METHODS: SARET comprises 2 main components: stipend-supported research mentorships and a Web-based module series, consisting of 6 interactive, multimedia modules addressing core SA research topics, delivered via course curricula and in the research mentorships. An initial evaluation was designed to assess SARET's acceptability and short-term impact on participants' interest in SA research. The components of this Web-based curriculum evaluation include focus group feedback on the relevance of the modules to SW students, number of courses into which the modules were integrated with number of module completions, changes in interest in SA research associated with module completion. RESULTS: The full series of Web-based modules has been integrated across several courses in the social work curriculum, and social work students have become integral participants in the summer mentored research experience. One hundred eighteen students completed at least 1 module and 42 students completed all 6 modules. Neurobiology, Screening, and Epidemiology were the most widely viewed modules. Students reported positive impact on their vision of SA-related clinical care, more positive attitudes about conducting research, and in some cases, change in career. CONCLUSIONS: The SARET program's modules and summer mentored research increased clinical and research interest related to SUDs, as well as interprofessional attitudes among social work students. Participants have shown some early research success. Longer-term follow-up will enable us to continue to assess the effectiveness of the program.
PMID: 28328306
ISSN: 1547-0164
CID: 2499472

Addressing Health Disparities via Coordination of Care and Interprofessional Education: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health and Oral Health Care

Russell, Stefanie; More, Frederick
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group.
PMID: 27671960
ISSN: 1558-0512
CID: 2261862


Bereket, Sewit; Gourevitch, Marc N; Hanley, Kathleen; More, Frederick; Naegle, Madeline; Tuchman, Ellen
ISSN: 1525-1497
CID: 2481832

Neurobiology of Substance Abuse

Truncali, Andrea; Kalet, Adina; More, Frederick; Naegle, Madeline; Tuchman, Ellen; Hanley, Kathleen; Bereket, Sewit
[New York] : NYUSOM Digital Press (Institute for Innovations in Medical Education), 2015
Extent: 57 p.
CID: 2169432

Interprofessional Education in Substance Abuse Research [Meeting Abstract]

Naegle, Madeline; Gourevitch, Marc; Hanley, Kathleen; More, Frederick; Tuchman, Ellen; Bereket, Sewit
ISSN: 1538-9847
CID: 1594242

Medical students as human subjects in educational research

Sarpel, Umut; Hopkins, Mary Ann; More, Frederick; Yavner, Steven; Pusic, Martin; Nick, Michael W; Song, Hyuksoon; Ellaway, Rachel; Kalet, Adina L
INTRODUCTION: Special concerns often arise when medical students are themselves the subjects of education research. A recently completed large, multi-center randomized controlled trial of computer-assisted learning modules for surgical clerks provided the opportunity to explore the perceived level of risk of studies where medical students serve as human subjects by reporting on: 1) the response of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at seven institutions to the same study protocol; and 2) the thoughts and feelings of students across study sites about being research subjects. METHODS: From July 2009 to August 2010, all third-year medical students at seven collaborating institutions were eligible to participate. Patterns of IRB review of the same protocol were compared. Participation burden was calculated in terms of the time spent interacting with the modules. Focus groups were conducted with medical students at each site. Transcripts were coded by three independent reviewers and analyzed using Atlas.ti. RESULTS: The IRBs at the seven participating institutions granted full (n=1), expedited (n=4), or exempt (n=2) review of the WISE Trial protocol. 995 (73% of those eligible) consented to participate, and 207 (20%) of these students completed all outcome measures. The average time to complete the computer modules and associated measures was 175 min. Common themes in focus groups with participant students included the desire to contribute to medical education research, the absence of coercion to consent, and the low-risk nature of the research. DISCUSSION: Our findings demonstrate that risk assessment and the extent of review utilized for medical education research vary among IRBs. Despite variability in the perception of risk implied by differing IRB requirements, students themselves felt education research was low risk and did not consider themselves to be vulnerable. The vast majority of eligible medical students were willing to participate as research subjects. Participants acknowledged the time demands of their participation and were readily able to withdraw when those burdens became unsustainable.
PMID: 23443075
ISSN: 1087-2981
CID: 2726562

HPV, Oropharyngeal Cancer, and the Role of the Dentist: A Professional Ethical Approach

Northridge, Mary E; Manji, Naila; Piamonte, Romney T; More, Frederick G; Katz, Ralph V
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an emerging risk factor for oropharyngeal cancer, especially among younger patients, and must be thoughtfully addressed by the dental community. The professional ethical decision-making model first advanced by Ozar and Sokol for use by dentists at chairside (define the dilemma, assess the facts, identify and rank the alternatives, and choose a course of action) was modified to delineate clearly inputs, considerations, and feedback loops based on what is professionally and ethically at stake in advising patients. As the link between HPV and oropharyngeal cancer is established through scientific studies, the role of the dentist in primary and secondary prevention will be crucial. In the absence of definitive evidence, the professional ethical decision-making framework presented here allows dentists to systematically work through available alternatives. Ultimately, the role of the dentist is to use discretion in choosing a professional and ethical course of action for each patient.
PMID: 23124499
ISSN: 1049-2089
CID: 203282