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Do psychological factors affect outcomes in musculoskeletal shoulder disorders? A systematic review

Sheikhzadeh, Ali; Wertli, Maria M; Weiner, Shira Schecter; Rasmussen-Barr, Eva; Weiser, Sherri
BACKGROUND:Psychological factors may impact recovery in patients undergoing treatment for shoulder complaints. The aim of this review is to systematically analyse the evidence for the effect of modifiable psychological factors (MPF) on outcome, for patients with musculoskeletal shoulder disorders undergoing conservative or surgical treatment. MPF refers to factors that may change with intervention. METHODS:This is a systematic literature review. Five databases searched (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase and PsycInfo), for longitudinal studies investigating the influence of MPF on prognosis of patients with shoulder disorders, all diagnoses, undergoing clinical interventions (conservative or surgical). Level of evidence was determined using Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) methodology. Moderate and high quality evidence was included. We extracted all MPF, categorized constructs into the following domains: beliefs (self-efficacy, expectation of recovery), coping (catastrophizing, avoidant coping), and affect (depression, anxiety). We evaluated constructs for its predictive value of at least one outcome. Outcomes were informed by this review. Evidence was classified into three categories: evidence for, inconclusive evidence, and evidence against. RESULTS:Of 1170 references, 40 distinct publications based on 35 datasets were included (intervention type: 20 surgical; 20 conservative). Overall, 22 studies (20 cohort studies and 2 RCTs) were classified as high quality and 18 studies (16 cohort studies, 2 RCTs) were classified as moderate quality. Outcomes reported included pain, disability/function, perceived recovery, physical and mental health, and work status. Based on the review, of the psychological constructs explored, these data would suggest that expectation of recovery, catastrophizing, avoidant coping, depression, and anxiety may predict outcome for patients managed surgically. In patients undergoing conservative intervention the evidence was either against (catastrophizing, depression, anxiety) or inconclusive (self-efficacy, expectation of recovery, avoidant coping) for the predictive value of psychological factors on outcome. CONCLUSIONS:Five constructs were predictive of outcome for surgically managed patients. This suggests that implementing the biopsychosocial approach (i.e., preoperative screening, intervention by a trained clinician) may be advantageous for patients recommended for shoulder surgery,,. The same is not indicated for conservatively managed patients as no conclusive association of MPF with outcomes was noted. The importance of other MPF on outcome requires further investigation.
PMID: 34147071
ISSN: 1471-2474
CID: 4917972

Organization of Work Factors Associated with Work Ability among Aging Nurses

Stimpfel, Amy Witkoski; Arabadjian, Milla; Liang, Eva; Sheikhzadeh, Ali; Weiner, Shira Schecter; Dickson, Victoria Vaughan
The United States (U.S.) workforce is aging. There is a paucity of literature exploring aging nurses' work ability. This study explored the work-related barriers and facilitators influencing work ability in older nurses. We conducted a qualitative descriptive study of aging nurses working in direct patient care (N = 17). Participants completed phone or in-person semi-structured interviews. We used a content analysis approach to analyzing the data. The overarching theme influencing the work ability of aging nurses was intrinsically motivated. This was tied to the desire to remain connected with patients at bedside. We identified factors at the individual, unit-based work level and the organizational level associated with work ability. Individual factors that were protective included teamwork, and feeling healthy and capable of doing their job. Unit-based level work factors included having a schedule that accommodated work-life balance, and one's chronotype promoted work ability. Organizational factors included management that valued worker's voice supported work ability.
PMID: 31322064
ISSN: 1552-8456
CID: 3986382

Improving the Quality of Consumer Health Information on Wikipedia: Case Series

Weiner, Shira Schecter; Horbacewicz, Jill; Rasberry, Lane; Bensinger-Brody, Yocheved
BACKGROUND:Wikipedia is one of the most consulted health resources in the world. Since the public is using health information from Wikipedia to make health care decisions, improving the quality of that health information is in the public interest. The open editable content design of Wikipedia and quality control processes in place provide an opportunity to add high-value, evidence-based information and take an active role in improving the health care information infrastructure. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this project was to enhance Wikipedia health pages using high-quality, current research findings and track the persistence of those edits and number of page views after the changes to assess the reach of this initiative. METHODS:We conducted Wikipedia Editathons with 3 different cohorts of Physical Therapy (PT) students to add high-quality health information to existing Wikipedia pages. Students synthesized best evidence information and updated and/or corrected existing Wikipedia entries on specific health pages. To evaluate the impact of these contributions, we examined two factors: (1) response to our contributions from the Wikipedia editing community, including number and type of subsequent edits as well as persistence of the student contributions and (2) number of page views by the public from the time of the page edits. RESULTS:A total of 98 PT students in 3 different cohorts engaged in Editathons, editing 24 health pages. Of the 24 edits, 22 persisted at the end of the observation period (from time of entry to May 31, 2018) and received nearly 8 million page views. Each health page had an average of 354,724 page views. CONCLUSIONS:The Wikipedia Editathon is an effective way to continuously enhance the quality of health information available on Wikipedia. It is also an excellent way of bridging health technology with best-evidence medical facts and disseminating accurate, useful information to the public.
PMID: 30882357
ISSN: 1438-8871
CID: 3795152

Does Coordinated, Multidisciplinary Treatment Limit Medical Disability and Attrition Related to Spine Conditions in the US Navy?

Ziemke, Gregg; Campello, Marco; Hiebert, Rudi; Weiner, Shira Schecter; Rennix, Chris; Nordin, Margareta
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions account for the largest proportion of cases resulting in early separation from the US Navy. This study evaluates the impact of the Spine Team, a multidisciplinary care group that included physicians, physical therapists, and a clinical psychologist, for the treatment of active-duty service members with work-disabling, nonspecific low back pain at the Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, VA, USA. We compared the impact of the introduction of the Spine Team in limiting disability and attrition from work-disabling spine conditions with the experience of the Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA, USA, where there is no comparable spine team. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Is a multidisciplinary spine team effective in limiting disability and attrition related to work-disabling spine conditions as compared with the current standard of care for US military active-duty service members? METHODS: This is a retrospective, pre-/post-study with a separate, concurrent control group using administratively collected data from two large military medical centers during the period 2007 to 2009. In this study, disability is expressed as the proportion of active-duty service members seeking treatment for a work-disabling spine condition that results in the assignment of a first-career limited-duty status. Attrition is expressed as the proportion of individuals assigned a first-career limited-duty status for a work-disabling spine condition who were referred to a Physical Evaluation Board. We analyzed 667 individuals assigned a first-career limited-duty for a work-disabling spine condition between 2007 and 2009 who received care at the Naval Medical Center Portsmouth or Naval Medical Center San Diego. RESULTS: Rates of first-career limited-duty assignments for spine conditions decreased from 2007 to 2009 at both sites, but limited-duty rates decreased to a greater extent at the intervention site (Naval Medical Center Portsmouth; from 8.5 per 100 spine cases in 2007 to 5.1 per 100 cases in 2009, p < 0.001) as compared with the control site (Naval Medical Center San Diego; 16.0 per 100 spine cases in 2007 and 14.1 per 100 cases in 2009, p = 0.38) after the Spine Team was implemented in 2008. The risk of disability was lower at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth as compared with Naval Medical Center San Diego for each of the 3 years studied (in 2007, the relative risk was 0.53 [95% confidence limit {CL}, 0.42-0.68; p < 0.001]) indicating a protective effect of Naval Medical Center Portsmouth in limiting disability (in 2008, it was 0.58 [95% CL, 0.45-0.73; p < 0.001] and in 2009 0.34 [95% CL, 0.27-0.47; p < 0.001]); the relative risk improved in 2009 after the introduction of the Spine Team at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth. There were no differences observed in rates of attrition from the period before the introduction of the Spine Team to after at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, and no overall differences could be statistically detected between the two sites. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides suggestive evidence that a multi-disciplinary Spine Team may be effective in limiting disability. No conclusion can be drawn about the Spine Team's effectiveness in limiting attrition. Additional study is warranted to examine the effect of the timing of the introduction of multidisciplinary care for work-disabling spine conditions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, therapeutic study.
PMID: 25968894
ISSN: 1528-1132
CID: 1608982

Identifying determinants of low back pain behaviors [Meeting Abstract]

Weiner, S S; Gibbons, M W; Weiser, S; Vieira, D L
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Nonspecific low back pain (LBP) remains a large public health problem despite attempts to minimize its impact. Evidence- based guidelines (EBG) are well defined and their efficacy demonstrated, yet clinical adherence is inconsistent. Various explanations for non-adherence to the evidence include clinician beliefs that guidelines are incongruent with patient expectations and clinician desire to satisfy patients' request for non-guideline care. PURPOSE: This study systematically explored the low back pain literature to synthesize what is known about patient expectations of care, and investigated the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of patients with LBP regarding seeking care and how they use this information to guide their health care choices. The purpose was to explore patient perceptions on topics related to LBP including natural history, red flags, management, and attitudes about patient-clinician shared decision making. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This pilot study is a mixed methods design combining a systematic review with qualitative study design. Subjects were recruited at the New York University Langone Medical Center (NYULMC) Spine Center. PATIENT SAMPLE: Ten adult volunteer subjects with recurrent chronic LBP seeking care from a spine specialist were recruited at the NYULMC Spine Center. OUTCOME MEASURES: Domains related to patient attitudes and beliefs, and their impact on health care consumption for managing LBP were extracted from the admissible evidence. These domains were then compared with coded and synthesized interview data to either support or refute the patient narrative. METHODS: Literature review: A systematic literature search was performed with a NYULMC clinical librarian. Two researchers systematically screened the references using pre-defined inclusion-exclusion criteria. Structured interviews: Subjects with recurrent chronic LBP were recruited for a semi structured interview developed by a multidisciplinary team of LBP experts. Themes were extracted using !
ISSN: 1529-9430
CID: 628002

Prognostic factors in complex regional pain syndrome 1: a systematic review

Wertli, Maria; Bachmann, Lucas M; Weiner, Shira Schecter; Brunner, Florian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to merge and summarize the current evidence about prognostic factors relevant to the course of complex regional pain syndrome 1. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CENTRAL and screened reference lists of included studies were searched for studies of parameters associated with the prognosis of the condition. Studies investigating stroke-related complex regional pain syndrome were excluded. RESULTS: Searches retrieved 2,577 references, of which 12 articles were included in the study. The preferred diagnostic criteria were the Veldman and the International Association for the Study of Pain criteria. The mean level of study quality was insufficient. A total of 28 prognostic factors was identified. Sensory disturbances and cold skin temperature appear to represent parameters associated with poor prognosis in complex regional pain syndrome 1. For many parameters the evidence is contradictory. CONCLUSION: Evidence about prognostic factors for complex regional pain syndrome 1 is scarce, which prevents firm conclusions being drawn. Further high-quality aetiological and clinical research is needed.
PMID: 23389624
ISSN: 1650-1977
CID: 730102

Biomechanics of the lumbar spine

Chapter by: Weiner, Shira Schecter; Brunner, Florian; Nordin, Margareta
in: Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System by Nordin, Margareta; Frankel, Victor H [Eds]
Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2012
pp. 254-285
ISBN: 1451117094
CID: 1331522

Managing nonspecific low back pain: do nonclinical patient characteristics matter?

Weiner, Shira S; Weiser, Sherri R; Carragee, Eugene J; Nordin, Margareta
STUDY DESIGN.: A fully blocked experimental design using clinical vignettes to query primary care physicians on prescription for management of acute nonspecific low back pain. OBJECTIVE.: To identify how nonclinical patient factors, specifically sex, patient presentation, and socioeconomic status, influence physician treatment recommendations for assessing and treating acute nonspecific low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Adherence to evidence-based practice guidelines for nonspecific low back pain remains inconsistent. Therefore, it is important to understand what factors guide physician management of these cases. METHODS.: One vignette and questionnaire was distributed to primary care and emergency department clinical physicians during meetings at five teaching hospitals. The questionnaire asked for diagnostic and treatment recommendations including specific tests, medications, therapeutic procedures, activity, referral to other services, and patient education for the case represented in the vignette. RESULTS.: Subjects included 284 physicians and approximately 75% had less than 5 years of clinical practice experience. Multivariate logistic regression showed seven significant associations of patient factors with treatment recommendations for acute nonspecific low back pain (one sex, two socioeconomic status, and four patient presentation; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION.: All three assessed nonclinical factors influenced physician decisions regarding diagnostic and treatment recommendations for acute nonspecific low back pain. Patient presentation, suggestive of a patient's emotional state, was shown to be the most influential
PMID: 21289556
ISSN: 1528-1159
CID: 139467

Prevention and management of chronic back pain

Weiner, Shira Schecter; Nordin, M
Low back pain is prevalent, and both debilitating for the patient and costly for society if it becomes a chronic condition. The initial prognosis at the onset of low back pain is positive, however the rate of recurrence is high and about 20% of patients seeking care develop a chronic problem that may or may not lead to disability. The main message, based on the best evidence, is that keeping active despite low back pain is 'healthy'. A large portion of patients seeking care can manage their short term and even longer term incapacity. However, for those who cannot manage their pain, significant relief can be found in a variety of conservative treatments. Passive treatment should be kept to a minimum as evidence shows that active treatments are more effective for improving function and return to work. There is evidence that identifying psychosocial symptoms and barriers, and referral to appropriate interventions improves outcomes. There are currently no clear indications for surgery in nonspecific low back pain
PMID: 20227647
ISSN: 1521-6942
CID: 108795

Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders (vol 17, pg S101, 2008) [Correction]

Nordin, Margareta; Carragee, Eugene J; Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah; Weiner, Shira Schecter; Hurwitz, Eric L; Peloso, Paul M; Guzman, Jaime; van der Velde, Gabrielle; Carroll, Linda J; Holm, Lena W; Cote, Pierre; Cassidy, JDavid; Haldeman, Scott
ISSN: 0940-6719
CID: 1778632