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Adapting to the Era of Virtual Recruitment: Radiology Departmental Website Response to COVID-19 and Portrayal of the Resident Experience

Wong, Thomas Y; Huang, Jennifer J; Cooke, Erin A; Hoffmann, Jason C; Donnelly, Edwin F
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed radiology recruitment into a virtual affair and placed an even stronger emphasis on the importance of departmental websites. In this study, we evaluate residency websites in detailing the response to COVID-19 as well as initiatives which help describe the resident experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:Program websites for diagnostic radiology residencies listed in the 2022 Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) program list were evaluated for 31 criteria related to departmental response to COVID-19, online outreach, and resident wellness. RESULTS:Of 184 programs, 182 had functioning websites for review. One program was excluded from analysis as the website was almost entirely video-based. In response to COVID-19, ≤1% described resident redeployment, vaccination information, departmental response to ABR Core Exam changes, or regular administration updates. Six (3.3%) described revised read-out protocols, four (2.2%) mentioned supplementary non-clinical education, and 14 (7.7%) indicated changes to educational conferences. The majority of websites (122, 67.4%) offered an informational or tour video, while 44 (24.3%) described expectations for virtual interviewing, and 20 (11.0%) had virtual "open-houses." Departmental social media, primarily Twitter, was linked for 60 (33.1%) programs. A total of 134 (74.0%) websites described community highlights. More than a quarter mentioned meal stipends (72, 39.8%), paid sick time (54, 29.8%) and healthcare resources (57, 31.5%). Although social activities were described by 44 (24.3%) programs, some specifically indicating changes to COVID-19, formal resident mentoring (25, 13.8%) and wellness committees (28, 15.5%) were less common. These criteria were found more commonly at the largest third of residency programs (chi square, p < 0.00625). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Programs rarely described work flow changes to COVID-19, and websites could improve in virtual outreach. Compared with prior literature, departmental websites have improved in describing wellness initiatives and related measures.
PMCID:8971923
PMID: 35379478
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 5190742

National survey to assess gender, racial, and ethnic differences among radiology residency applicants regarding factors impacting program selection

Madsen, Laura B; Kalantarova, Sofya; Jindal, Ragni; Akerman, Meredith; Fefferman, Nancy R; Hoffmann, Jason C
RATIONAL AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Radiology has one of the lowest female representation rates in medicine and recruiting female residents is a challenge for some residency programs. There is limited understanding of gender differences among residency applicants during program selection. The study objective is to investigate which program factors were considered most important by radiology residency applicants and to assess for differences by gender, race and ethnicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:An anonymous survey was distributed electronically to diagnostic and interventional radiology residency programs in the US and Canada via the Association of Program Coordinators in Radiology (APCR). Residents were asked to evaluate the importance of 30 factors during evaluation of residency programs using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = not important, 5 = extremely important). RESULTS:370 residents and 1 fellow completed the survey. Of the respondents, 269 were male (72.5%) and 101 were female (27.2%). The most important factors to respondents during program selection were program culture (4.42), geographic location (4.17), fellowship placement (4.14), and imaging and/or procedure volume (3.98). There was a significant difference between male and female respondents in the importance of program culture (p = 0.002), composition of current residents (p = 0.007), percentage of current female residents (p < 0.0001), program size (p = 0.047), call schedule (p = 0.025), percentage of female faculty (p < 0.0001), faculty ethnic and racial diversity (p < 0.0001), resident ethnic and racial diversity (p < 0.0001), which female respondents ranked more highly. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Applicants consider many factors during residency program selection. Program culture, geographic location, fellowship placement and imaging and/or procedural volume were most important. There were significant differences by gender, race and ethnicity in importance of several factors.
PMID: 32811713
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 4566862

Resident Wellness in Radiology as Portrayed by Departmental Websites

Wong, Thomas Y; Huang, Jennifer J; Hoffmann, Jason C; Flug, Jonathan A; Cooke, Erin A; Donnelly, Edwin F
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:Departmental websites are often the first exposure applicants have in researching programs. Websites provide information about resident education as well as infrastructure for resident wellness. For this study, we reviewed residency websites to evaluate resident wellness initiatives and extent of details available online. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:Program websites for diagnostic radiology residencies listed in the 2020 ERAS program list were evaluated for 26 criteria pertaining to resident wellness. Criteria which are not radiology resident specific were also evaluated on their graduate medical education (GME) websites if unavailable on the departmental website. RESULTS:Of 189 programs, 185 (97.9%) had functioning websites for review. Book funds were mentioned by 57% (mean $3,762), and 43.5% discussed housing stipends during AIRP (mean $2,204); neither significantly correlated with program size. Retirement plan matching was present for 47.8% of programs. Almost all programs utilized night float call schedules, with relatively similar distribution of residents starting on-call duties as fall PGY2s, spring PGY2s, and starting PGY3s. Moonlighting was mentioned by 22.8% of departments. Paid wellness days were discussed in 10.8% (mean 3.1 days/year), and 37.7% described paid parental leave (mean 27.8 days/year). Less than 10% described resident mentoring, wellness committees, or non-clinical curricula. Resident retreats were mentioned by 21.6% of programs, and 11.4% described regular social activities; both were found more frequently at larger programs (chi-square analysis, p <0.00625). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:This study evaluated radiology residency program and GME websites for information pertaining to resident wellness. While financial and clinical information was typically present for >50% of programs, information regarding social initiatives was generally lacking and may be one area to bolster resident wellness and describe on websites.
PMID: 34400076
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 5006342

Preventing Physician Burnout in Breast Imaging: Scope of the Problem and Keys to Success

Kalantarova, Sofya; Mickinac, Nathan; Santhosh, Sharon; Malik, Swati; Surovitsky, Marie; Madsen, Laura; Rapoport, Irina; Lee, Cindy; Hoffmann, Jason C
Physicians, including radiologists and specifically breast imagers, face many challenges, and stressors during their daily routine, many of which can contribute to burnout. While there is an increasing body of literature evaluating burnout, including its prevalence in and impact on radiologists, there is a relative lack of information specifically addressing this topic as it relates to breast imaging. This article reviews key concepts in burnout, describes the potential impact on physicians at all levels of training and work, highlights unique aspects to the specialty of breast imaging that may contribute to burnout, and suggests tool and/or strategies that may help to combat and prevent burnout among breast imagers.
PMID: 33069520
ISSN: 1535-6302
CID: 4651902

Training by the Numbers: A Survey-Based Analysis of the Number of Positions Available in New Interventional Radiology Training Pathways

Yun, Jung H; Maldow, David J; Ahuja, Rakesh S; Khan, Faraz; Gunn, Andrew J; Hoffmann, Jason C
OBJECTIVE:As of June 30, 2020, interventional radiology (IR) fellowships will cease to exist and will be replaced by the integrated IR, independent IR, and early specialization in IR (ESIR) pathways. The objective of this study is to determine the alignment in the number of available positions between the ESIR and independent IR pathways. METHODS:An analysis was performed of 150 residency programs offering at least 1 of the 3 IR training pathways. Information regarding the most up-to-date list for integrated IR, independent IR, ESIR, and IR fellowship programs were obtained from the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR), the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS), and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) websites. A 4-question survey was distributed to residency program directors and residency program coordinators to confirm the number of positions offered in each of the training pathways at their institution. RESULTS:Ninety-nine of 113 ESIR programs (87.6% response rate) reported a total of 176 approved ESIR positions. One hundred and eleven fellowship programs in the United States currently offer a total of 331 positions. Seventy-seven integrated IR programs and 48 independent IR programs offer 150 and 133 positions, respectively, for a total of 283 advanced IR training positions. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS:A substantial discrepancy currently exists with IR training pathways, as the number of available ESIR positions far outnumbers the available independent IR pathway positions. There is a continuing need for communication with residency programs and frequent reevaluation of the various IR training pathways to maintain the most accurate database.
PMID: 31806410
ISSN: 1535-6302
CID: 4250032

How to Read, Write, and Review the Imaging Literature

Sasson, Arielle; Okojie, Oseogie; Verano, Ryan; Moshiri, Mariam; Patlas, Michael N; Hoffmann, Jason C; Hines, John J; Katz, Douglas S
Everyone at all levels in academic radiology is supposed to know how to read an original research article or a review article and to evaluate it critically, to participate in writing such manuscripts, and, as one becomes more senior, to participate in the peer review process, yet there is little formal teaching in our experience as to how to do these inter-related activities throughout radiology training. The purpose of this review article is therefore to provide our perspective - from the junior trainee to the senior radiology attending - as to how one should be reading, reviewing, and writing the imaging literature, and also providing guidance from other thought leaders in this area, and from the literature itself. We hope to inspire radiology trainees and radiologists at all levels, particularly those in academic careers, to more fully participate in peer review and in radiology publication.
PMID: 32024599
ISSN: 1535-6302
CID: 4324912

Prostatic Artery Embolization and Sexual Function: Literature Review and Comparison to Other Urologic Interventions

Wong, Thomas; Tembelis, Miltiadis; Acharya, Vedant; Hoffmann, Jason C
Many interventions to treat men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are associated with sexual side effects or complications, such as hematospermia, erectile dysfunction, or ejaculatory dysfunction. As loss of sexual function can significantly impact quality of life, an optimal treatment for BPH associated LUTS would be one without any sexual dysfunction side effects. Prostatic artery embolization is a minimally invasive treatment for men with BPH associated LUTS. The aim of this paper is to review the effects of prostatic artery embolization on sexual function and compare the sexual side effect profile to the other available BPH procedures.
PMID: 33308525
ISSN: 1557-9808
CID: 4716432

Preserving Radiology Resident Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Simulated Daily Readout

Recht, Michael P; Fefferman, Nancy R; Bittman, Mark E; Dane, Bari; Fritz, Jan; Hoffmann, Jason C; Hood, Joseph; Mercado, Cecilia L; Mahajan, Sonia; Sheth, Monica M
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:The educational value of the daily resident readout, a vital component of resident training, has been markedly diminished due to a significant decrease in imaging volume and case mix diversity. The goal of this study was to create a "simulated" daily readout (SDR) to restore the educational value of the daily readout. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:To create the SDR the following tasks were performed; selection of cases for a daily worklist for each resident rotation, comprising a combination of normal and abnormal cases; determination of the correct number of cases and the appropriate mix of imaging modalities for each worklist; development of an "educational" environment consisting of separate "instances" of both our Picture Archive Communication System and reporting systems; and the anonymization of all of the cases on the worklists. Surveys of both residents and faculty involved in the SDR were performed to assess its effectiveness. RESULTS:Thirty-two residents participated in the SDR. The daily worklists for the first 20 days of the SDR included 3682 cases. An average of 480 cases per day was dictated by the residents. Surveys of the residents and the faculty involved in the SDR demonstrated that both agreed that the SDR effectively mimics a resident's daily work on rotations and preserves resident education during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 crisis. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:The development of the SDR provided an effective method of preserving the educational value of the daily readout experience of radiology residents, despite severe decreases in imaging exam volume and case mix diversity during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic.
PMID: 32553278
ISSN: 1878-4046
CID: 4484992

Assessing the Status of Mentorship Programs in Interventional Radiology Residency Training: Results of a 2018 Survey

Hoffmann, Jason C; Minkin, Jonathan; Karimi, Vanessa; Warhadpande, Shantanu; Khaja, Minhaj S; Bercu, Zachary L; Majdalany, Bill; Kaufman, Claire S; Martin, Charles E
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence and structure of mentorship programs in interventional radiology (IR) residency programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS/METHODS:A 12-question anonymous survey was distributed via email to all 78 program directors (PDs) of United States IR residency programs. The survey included information about the presence or absence of a formal mentorship program at their institution, how the program functions, potential barriers to implementation, and future plans for mentorship. RESULTS:Twenty-three of 78 integrated IR residency PDs completed the survey (response rate 29.5%). Thirteen of 23 reports that they currently have a formal mentorship program in place and 11 of 13 report no direct departmental support for mentorship. Of those that do not have a mentorship program in place, 5 of 10 report that implementation is underway. These programs report that the absence of a mentorship program is due to a lack of dedicated time and financial support. While 8 of 23 PDs were unaware of the Society of Interventional Radiology Mentor Match program, 6of 23 were registered as mentors through it. Nearly all PDs reported interest in receiving mentoring resources from SIR with the most popular choices being a dedicated mentorship educational course at the SIR annual meeting and regular mentorship articles and practical tips in publications such as IR quarterly. CONCLUSIONS:Despite involvement of many IR PDs in mentorship, numerous residency programs lack a formal mentorship program. Of those with a program, most don't receive direct departmental support and those without a program cite lack of time and financial support as barriers to effective implementation.
PMID: 32273147
ISSN: 1535-6302
CID: 4422202

The Emerging Integrated IR Residency: Analysis Based on 2017 and 2018 Medical Student Surveys [Letter]

Niekamp, Andrew S; Hoffmann, Jason C; Patel, Parag J; Gornal, Joy; Goubeaux, Jennifer; Rochon, Paul J
PMID: 32146035
ISSN: 1535-7732
CID: 4371052