Research communication: Poor sleep health and quality of life among caregivers of patients with prostate cancer
Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypertension with Longitudinal Î²-Amyloid Burden and Cognitive Changes
Age-associated differences in sleep duration in the US population: potential effects of disease burden
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVE:We contrasted the relative risks (RR) of short [<7Â h] and long [>8Â h] sleep experienced by middle-aged (45-64 years) and older (â‰¥65 years) adults, compared with young adults (20-44 years). METHODS:We utilized NHANES data (2005-2016), capturing sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and health-related data among US adults. RESULTS:The Relative Risk (RR) of short sleep between young and middle-aged adults did not differ [RRÂ =Â 1.02, NS]. However, the RR of short sleep was significantly reduced among older participants [RRÂ =Â 0.81, pÂ <Â 0.01]. Middle-aged adults had significantly lower RR of long sleep [RRÂ =Â 0.80, pÂ <Â 0.01], whereas older adults had significantly greater RR of long sleep [RRÂ =Â 1.41, pÂ <Â 0.01]. Compared with young adults, older adults with or without increased disease burden had significantly lower RR of short sleep [RRÂ =Â 0.81, pÂ <Â 0.01 and RRÂ =Â 0.80, pÂ <Â 0.01], respectively. However, for middle-aged adults, the RR of short sleep did not differ whether they reported a greater disease burden. Relative to young adults, older adults with or without disease burden had higher RRs of long sleep [RRÂ =Â 1.39, pÂ <Â 0.01] and [RRÂ =Â 1.45, pÂ <Â 0.01], respectively. For middle-aged adults without disease burden, the RR of long sleep was lower than among young adults [RRÂ =Â 0.72, pÂ <Â 0.01]. CONCLUSIONS:Compared with young adults, older adults were not at increased risk for short sleep. Rather, they reported longer sleep time regardless of the presence of disease burden. Future studies should investigate longitudinal effects of aging on objective sleep time, with or without common diseases.
Sleep Health and Longevity-Considerations for Personalizing Existing Recommendations
Sleep, Classroom Behavior, and Achievement Among Children of Color in Historically Disinvested Neighborhoods
Children of color are more likely to have poor sleep health than White children, placing them at risk for behavioral problems in the classroom and lower academic performance. Few studies, however, have utilized standardized measures of both classroom behavior and achievement. This study examined whether children's sleep (parent and teacher report) in first grade concurrently related to independent observations of classroom behavior and longitudinally predicted achievement test scores in second grade in a sample of primarily Black (86%) children (nÃ‚ =Ã‚ 572; ageÃ‚ =Ã‚ 6.8) living in historically disinvested neighborhoods. Higher teacher-reported child sleepiness was associated with lower adaptive behaviors and higher problem behaviors in the classroom, and predicted lower achievement. Parent-reported bedtime resistance and disordered breathing also predicted lower achievement.
A Systematic Review of Workplace-Based Employee Health Interventions and Their Impact on Sleep Duration Among Shift Workers
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:Shift work is associated with long-term health risks. Workplace-based health interventions hold promise for improving or maintaining the health of shift workers; yet, the impact of workplace-based interventions on shift worker sleep duration has not been assessed. We conducted a systematic review of workplace interventions on shift worker sleep. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:= 6,868 records) of all studies published through May 15, 2019. Eligibility criteria included the following: (a) individuals aged â‰¥18 years; (b) a workplace-based employee intervention; (c) an employee population comprised predominantly of shift workers (>50%); and (d) sleep duration as a study outcome. FINDINGS/UNASSIGNED:= 7%). A majority of the studies found that a workplace-based health intervention was associated with a desirable increase in 24-hour total sleep duration (55%). The overall average increase in daily employee sleep duration achieved by interventions ranged for RCT studies from 0.34 to 0.99 hours and for non-RCT studies from 0.02 to 1.15 hours. CONCLUSIONS/APPLICATIONS TO PRACTICE/UNASSIGNED:More than half of the employee health interventions, especially yoga or mindfulness interventions, resulted in a desirable increase in sleep duration. Workplaces hold promise as an avenue? for delivering programs and policies that aim to improve sleep duration among shift workers.
Association between Depressed Mood and Sleep Duration among Various Ethnic Groups-The Helius Study
Adolescent Peer Influence on Eating Behaviors via Social Media: Scoping Review
BACKGROUND:The influence of social media among adolescent peer groups can be a powerful change agent. OBJECTIVE:Our scoping review aimed to elucidate the ways in which social media use among adolescent peers influences eating behaviors. METHODS:A scoping review of the literature of articles published from journal inception to 2019 was performed by searching PubMed (ie, MEDLINE), Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and other databases. The review was conducted in three steps: (1) identification of the research question and clarification of criteria using the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) framework; (2) selection of articles from the literature using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines; and (3) charting and summarizing information from selected articles. PubMed's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and Embase's Emtree subject headings were reviewed along with specific keywords to construct a comprehensive search strategy. Subject headings and keywords were based on adolescent age groups, social media platforms, and eating behaviors. After screening 1387 peer-reviewed articles, 37 articles were assessed for eligibility. Participant age, gender, study location, social media channels utilized, user volume, and content themes related to findings were extracted from the articles. RESULTS:Six articles met the final inclusion criteria. A final sample size of 1225 adolescents (aged 10 to 19 years) from the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Brazil, and Australia were included in controlled and qualitative studies. Instagram and Facebook were among the most popular social media platforms that influenced healthful eating behaviors (ie, fruit and vegetable intake) as well as unhealthful eating behaviors related to fast food advertising. Online forums served as accessible channels for eating disorder relapse prevention among youth. Social media influence converged around four central themes: (1) visual appeal, (2) content dissemination, (3) socialized digital connections, and (4) adolescent marketer influencers. CONCLUSIONS:Adolescent peer influence in social media environments spans the spectrum of healthy eating (ie, pathological) to eating disorders (ie, nonpathological). Strategic network-driven approaches should be considered for engaging adolescents in the promotion of positive dietary behaviors.
The development and psychometric evaluation of the Survey of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Functional Health Literacy
Objective and Objective/UNASSIGNED:Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disorder that disparately affects racial/ethnic minorities. OSA functional health literacy can contribute to health disparities. Documenting poor OSA functional health literacy is needed to inform research agendas, policy, and advocacy efforts. The objective of this study is to develop a scale for measuring OSA functional health literacy among diverse audiences and a variety of reading levels and to ascertain its reliability and validity. Methods/UNASSIGNED:Development of the 18-item Survey of OSA Functional Health Literacy (SOFHL) was guided by literature review and input from experts. A convenience sample of persons enrolled in a clinical trial completed the survey (n=194). The psychometric evaluation was conducted using factor analysis to identify the number of dimensions in the SOFHL and their relationship to other domains that are relevant to OSA functional health literacy. Results/UNASSIGNED:Internal consistency reliability (alpha) was estimated for the resulting scale and correlations with educational attainment and income completed. All respondents were Black and 29% reported average household income less than $10,000 USD. Confirmatory factor analysis provided support for two dimensions: OSA general knowledge (alpha=0.81) and self-efficacy for OSA self-management (alpha=0.71). Conclusions/UNASSIGNED:Higher educational attainment and socioeconomic status were associated with better OSA functional health literacy. These results provide preliminary support for the SOFHL, a measure that can be used to assess OSA functional health literacy.
'Distant socializing,' not 'social distancing' as a public health strategy for COVID-19
Social distancing, also referred to as physical distancing, means creating a safe distance of at least two meters (six feet) between yourself and others. This is a term popularized during the COVID-19 pandemic, as it is one of the most important measures to prevent the spread of this virus. However, the term 'social distancing' can be misleading, as it may imply that individuals should stop socializing. However, socializing in a safe context (i.e. over the phone, video-chat, etc.) is especially important during this time of crisis. Therefore, in this narrative review, we suggest the term 'distant socializing' as more apt expression, to promote physical distancing measures while also highlighting the importance of maintaining social bonds. Further, articles discussing the practice, implementation, measurement, and mental health effects of physical distancing are reviewed. Physical distancing is associated with psychiatric symptoms (such as anxiety and depression), suicidal ideation, and domestic violence. Further, unemployment and job insecurity have significantly increased during COVID-19, which may exacerbate these negative mental health effects. Governments, medical institutions, and public health bodies should therefore consider increasing mental health resources both during and after the pandemic, with a specific focus on frontline workers, COVID-19 survivors, and marginalized communities.