Assessing the Adequacy and Readability of Surgical Consents in Orthopedic Surgery
Pflug, Emily M; Giordano, Sebastian A; Hutzler, Lorraine; Bosco, Joseph A; Howard, Jordan; Paksima, Nader
BACKGROUND:Handwritten consent forms for medical treatment are commonly used despite the associated risk of documentation errors. We performed an internal audit of handwritten surgical consent forms to assess the quality of consenting practices within the department of hand surgery at our orthopedic specialty hospital. METHODS:A sample of 1,800 charts was selected. Con- sents were assessed for procedure type, physician details, abbreviations, consistency, and legibility. RESULTS:A total of 1,309 charts met the inclusion crite- ria. Two hundred and eight consents contained at least one illegible word. The name of the consenting physician was not listed or illegible on 114 forms. Medical abbreviations were found on 1.8% of all included forms, and 19 consent forms contained a crossed-out word or correction. CONCLUSIONS:Although the majority of the handwrit- ten consent forms were complete, accurate, and legible, there were notable errors in the consenting process at our institution. Documentation errors have medical and ethical ramifications. Further research into consenting practices is necessary to improve the quality of consent forms and the process of informed consent.
Rapidly Growing Solitary Osteochondroma in the Adult Finger A Case Report [Case Report]
Niemeier, Julia K; Guzzetta, Melissa B; Paksima, Nader
Osteochondromas are common benign bone tumors that are most commonly found in children and adolescents. They are usually slow-growing and located at the metaphysis of the long bones. When present in adults in atypical locations or with concerning features, such as thickened cartilage cap and rapid growth, osteochondromas warrant imaging to assess the risk of malignant transformation into chondrosar- coma and may require surgical excision. Here, we describe the unusual case of an adult male with a rapidly growing osteochondroma of the proximal phalanx that subsequently underwent surgical excision.
Opioid Prescribing Patterns Among Orthopedic Hand Surgeons After Implementation of a Divisional Protocol
Pflug, Emily M; Huang, Shengnan; Haquebord, Jacques H; Hutzler, Lorraine; Paksima, Nader
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND:Overprescribing contributes to the misuse and overuse of narcotics. We hypothesized that implementation of postoperative prescribing guidelines would consistently reduce the amount of opioids prescribed after ambulatory hand surgery. METHODS:A divisional protocol was instituted in November 2018. A retrospective cohort study was designed to examine the policy's effects on postoperative prescribing. Postoperative opioid prescriptions for patients undergoing ambulatory hand surgery were evaluated 1 year before and 1 year after policy initiation. All prescriptions were converted into the total oral morphine equivalent (OME) prescribed. RESULTS:A total of 1,672 surgeries were included. Six hundred sixty-one cases were in preimplementation group, and 1,011 cases were in the postimplementation group. The median of total OME decreased significantly after distribution of prescribing guidelines from 75 in the preimplementation group to 45 in the postimplementation group (p < .001) with significant reductions seen for carpal tunnel release (p < .001), trigger finger release (p < .001), distal radius open reduction internal fixation (p < .001), and finger closed reduction and pinning (p < .001). When categorized by procedure type, the median of total OME decreased from 75 to 30 for soft tissue procedures (p < .001) and from 120 to 100 for bony procedures (p < .001). CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Divisional prescribing guidelines lead to consistent short-term to mid-term reductions in the amount of opioid medication prescribed postoperatively.
What a Waste! The Impact of Unused Surgical Supplies in Hand Surgery and How We Can Improve
Bravo, Dalibel; Thiel, Cassandra; Bello, Ricardo; Moses, Akini; Paksima, Nader; Melamed, Eitan
BACKGROUND/UNASSIGNED:The US health care system is the second largest contributor of trash. Approximately 20% to 70% of waste is produced by operating rooms, and very few of this waste is recycled. The purpose of this study is to quantify the opened but unused disposable supplies and generate strategies to reduce disposable waste. METHODS/UNASSIGNED:-e), a measure of greenhouse gas emissions. RESULTS/UNASSIGNED:-e during the study period. CONCLUSIONS/UNASSIGNED:This study highlights the excessive waste of unused disposable products during hand surgery cases and identifies ways of improvement.
Telemedicine during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Hand Surgery Perspective
Moses, Michael J; Buchalter, Daniel B; Azad, Ali; Hacquebord, Jacques H; Paksima, Nader; Yang, S Steven
Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography of the Extremities: Clinical and Ultrasonographic Correlation
Azad, Ali; De Tolla, Jadie; Walter, William; Paksima, Nader; Melamed, Eitan
Ultrasonography as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool has become a resource for musculoskeletal injuries. It can be a useful imaging modality for clinical correlation of physical examination findings as well as an aid for image-guided procedures. Understanding the settings in which it is a helpful adjunct will have implications on efficiency and cost utility. The objectives of this chapter are to provide a background of ultrasonography as a musculoskeletal imaging modality, provide clinical correlation for ultrasonographic findings for common upper extremity pathology, review the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasonography for image-guided procedures, and provide insight into the cost utility of ultrasonography guidance for therapeutic injections.
Tourniquet Use for Short Hand Surgery Procedures Done Under Local Anesthesia Without Epinephrine
Shulman, Brandon S; Rettig, Michael; Yang, S Steven; Sapienza, Anthony; Bosco, Joseph; Paksima, Nader
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE:Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) is an increasingly popular surgical technique. However, owing to surgeon preference, patient factors, or hospital guidelines, it may not be feasible to inject patients with solutions containing epinephrine the recommended 25 minutes prior to incision. The purpose of this study was to assess pain and patient experience after short hand surgeries done under local anesthesia using a tourniquet rather than epinephrine for hemostasis. METHODS:Ninety-six consecutive patients undergoing short hand procedures using only local anesthesia and a tourniquet (LA-T) were assessed before and after surgery. A high arm pneumatic tourniquet was used in 73 patients and a forearm pneumatic tourniquet was used in 23. All patients received a local, unbuffered plain lidocaine injection. No patients received sedation. Pain related to local anesthesia, pneumatic tourniquet, and the procedure was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). Patient experience was assessed using a study-specific questionnaire based on previous WALANT studies. Tourniquet times were recorded. RESULTS:Mean pain related to anesthetic injection was rated 3.9 out of 10. Mean tourniquet related pain was 2.9 out of 10 for high arm pneumatic tourniquets and 2.3 out of 10 for forearm pneumatic tourniquets. Patients rated their experience with LA-T favorably and 95 of 96 patients (99%) reported that they would choose LA-T again for an equivalent procedure. Mean tourniquet time was 9.6 minutes and only 1 patient had a tourniquet inflated for more than 20 minutes. Tourniquet times less than 10 minutes were associated with less pain than tourniquet times greater than 10 minutes (P < .05); however, both groups reported the tourniquet to be on average less painful than the local anesthetic injection. CONCLUSION/CONCLUSIONS:Short wide-awake procedures using a tourniquet are feasible and well accepted. Local anesthetic injection was reported to be more painful than pneumatic tourniquet use. Tourniquets for short wide-awake procedures can be used in settings in which preprocedure epinephrine injections are logistically difficult or based on surgeon preference. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE/METHODS:Therapeutic IV.
Outcomes of dorsal plating for selected distal radius fractures
Paksima, Nader; Driesman, Adam; Johnson, Julie; Kim, Christopher; Egol, Kenneth
To determine the functional outcome and complications following dorsal plating for unstable fractures of the distal radius. We searched our IRB-approved Distal Radius Fracture Databases and identified all patients who were treated with a dorsally applied plate. Thirty-four distal radius fractures in 33 patients with a mean age of 50 years and average follow-up of 14 months were treated with a dorsal locking plate from 2007 to 2015. Fifteen and six patients had dorsal shearing fracture pattern and delayed presentation, respectively. There were no loss of reduction, malunion, or nonunion. Average VAS pain score was 2.1/10. Eight patients (23%) required hardware removal, one of which was due to extensor tendon rupture (3%) and five due to extensor tendon irritation (15%). Dorsal locked plating of distal radius fractures with newer low-profile implants is a viable option for particular fractures types, such as the dorsal rim shear type fractures.
Postsurgical Rehabilitation of Flexor Tendon Injuries
Klifto, Christopher S; Bookman, Jared; Paksima, Nader
Rehabilitation after surgical repair of flexor injuries is a controversial topic. Motion at the repair site decreases risk for adhesions but increases risk for rupture. We review the current concepts behind various rehabilitation protocols based on zone of injury and the evidence behind each.
Assessment of Pronator Quadratus Repair Integrity Using Dynamic Ultrasonography Following Volar Plate Fixation for Distal Radius Fractures
Hinds, Richard M; Montero-Lopez, Nicole; Brock, Kenneth; Adler, Ronald; Sapienza, Anthony; Capo, John T; Paksima, Nader
BACKGROUND:Previous work evaluating the pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle following volar plate fixation (VPF) of distal radius fractures (DRF) suggests that PQ repair often fails in the postoperative period. The purpose of this investigation was to assess PQ repair integrity following VPF of DRF using dynamic musculoskeletal ultrasonography. METHODS:Twenty adult patients who underwent VPF of DRF with repair of the PQ with a minimum follow-up of 3 months underwent bilateral dynamic wrist ultrasonography. The integrity of the PQ repair, wrist range of motion (ROM) and strength, and functional outcome scores were assessed. RESULTS:Mean patient age at the time of surgery was 59 Â± 14 years, and 50% underwent VPF of their dominant wrist. Patients were evaluated at a mean 9 Â± 4 months after VPF. All patients had an intact PQ repair. The volar plate was completely covered by the PQ in 55% of patients and was associated with a larger PQ when compared to patients with an incompletely covered volar plate ( P = .026). The flexor pollicis longus tendon was in contact with the volar plate in 20% of patients, with those patients demonstrating a trend toward significantly increased wrist flexion ( P = .053). No difference in ROM, strength, or outcome scores was noted among wrists with completely or incompletely covered volar plates. CONCLUSIONS:The PQ demonstrates substantial durability after repair following VPF. Wrist ROM, strength, and functional outcomes are similar in wrists in which the volar plate is completely or incompletely covered by the repaired PQ.