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31.4 Impact of a Positive Psychology Course on Undergraduate Well-Being and Academic Success [Meeting Abstract]

Schlechter, A; McDonald, M; Clifton, J; Yaden, D; Moerdler-Green, M; Lerner, D; Horwitz, S
Objectives: Undergraduate college courses on well-being have proliferated in the United States, but there are few data examining whether they have an impact on student well-being or mental health. This study examined the impact of such a course on students' well-being and grade point average (GPA) compared to students who completed a psychology course on psychopathology.
Method(s): Participants were 152 undergraduates enrolled in the "Science of Happiness" (SOH), which focuses on well-being and mental health challenges (n = 64), and "Child and Adolescent Psychopathology" (CAP), a psychology course (n = 88). Well-being measures were collected using validated questionnaires (PERMA Profiler [PP], Satisfaction with Life Scale [SWLS]) at the beginning of the semester and at the completion of the semester. Both t tests and linear regression examined the effect of the courses on the outcomes.
Result(s): At baseline, there were no statistically significant differences in well-being or grades between the 2 groups. Examining the pre/post-SOH changes, we found statistically significant improvements on the SWLS (M = 1.28; SD = 4.85; t63 = 2.11; p < 0.04) and in GPA (M = 0.07; SD = 0.17; t72 = 3.47; p < 0.001). The improvement in the PP Well-being was not significant for either SOH or CAP but trended positive for SOH (M = 0.05) and negative for CAP (M = -0.05). In CAP, there was no statistically significant improvement in SWLS, but GPA change was statistically significant (M = 0.04; SD = 0.14; t96 = 2.99; p < 0.004). When we examined the pre-/postdifferences between the 2 groups, we found no statistical significance for SWLS or GPA.
Conclusion(s): Given the prevalence of mental health challenges in college students and the need for effective, large-scale prevention interventions for this population, courses on well-being are a strategy that warrant further exploration. PRE, COLST, SC
Copyright
EMBASE:2014994781
ISSN: 1527-5418
CID: 5024312

The Positive Assessment: A Model for Integrating Well-Being and Strengths-Based Approaches into the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinical Evaluation

Schlechter, Alan Daniel; O'Brien, Kyle H; Stewart, Colin
In traditional medical practice, the diagnostic interview is focused on symptom collection, diagnosis, and treatment. The psychiatric interview is based on the medical model, but mental health clinicians lack the tests found in general medicine. Rapport is the most essential tool for the psychiatrist to uncover symptoms and develop a diagnosis and treatment plan. This article brings a scientific lens to the psychiatric interview. Under this microscope the value of eliciting the patient's well-being at the outset of the interview becomes clear. Using positive psychology, an evidenced-based rationale for the positive assessment is outlined and methodology and practice of the assessment reviewed.
PMID: 30832950
ISSN: 1558-0490
CID: 3722762

Finding Time for Mindfulness: in Education, Clinical Practice, and Our Lives [Editorial]

Desai, Seema; Zerbo, Erin; Levounis, Petros; Schlechter, Alan
PMID: 29464505
ISSN: 1545-7230
CID: 2963722

Becoming mindful: Integrating mindfulness into your psychiatric practice [Meeting Abstract]

Desai, S; Schlechter, A; Kurahashi, M; Hedrick, R; Zoogman, S
Objectives: The application of mindfulness-based practices in psychiatry is indeed real and patient-level outcomes include symptom reduction and enhanced sense of well-being. Perhaps as importantly, the provider also experiences gains such as enhanced attention, empathy, compassion, and resilience. Methods: This hands-on workshop led by experienced mindfulness-based researchers, practitioners, and authors will consider the evidence for mindfulness in clinical psychiatry and teach the audience several simple mindfulness exercises for themselves and their patients. Results: Upon workshop completion, participants will have considered the application of mindfulness in several common practice-based cases in child psychiatry. Conclusions: The clinician will be able to define mindfulness, understand its applications, refine mindfulness techniques as part of their toolkit, and access mindfulness resources for themselves and their child and adolescent patients
EMBASE:620079557
ISSN: 1527-5418
CID: 2924312

Finding wellness through mindfulness and meditation : the growing fields of positive psychology and psychiatry

Chapter by: Muscara, Cory; Mengers, Abigail; Schlechter, Alan
in: Becoming mindful : integrating mindfulness into your psychiatric practice by Zerbo, Erin; Schlechter, Alan; Desai, Seema; Levounis, Petros [Eds]
Arlington, Virginia : American Psychiatric Association Publishing, [2017]
pp. ?-?
ISBN: 1615370757
CID: 2563282

U thrive : how to succeed in college (and life)

Lerner, Daniel; Schlechter, Alan
2017
Extent: viii, 294 p. ; 24 cm
ISBN: 9780316311618
CID: 2563242

Becoming mindful: Integrating mindfulness into your psychiatric practice

Zerbo, Erin; Schlechter, Alan; Desai, Seema; Levounis, Petros
Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association Publishing, 2017
Extent: xiv, 195 p.
ISBN: 978-1-61537-075-7
CID: 2580282

Is Talking about What's Wrong Necessarily Right: A Positive Perspective on the Diagnostic Interview [Editorial]

O'Brien, K H; Schlechter, A
EMBASE:609354706
ISSN: 0890-8567
CID: 3933602

Mindfulness for the Next Generation: Helping Emerging Adults Manage Stress and Lead Healthier Lives. [Book Review]

Phillips, Blake; Schlechter, Alan
ISI:000367121500015
ISSN: 1527-5418
CID: 1909332

Success and Sanity on the College Campus: A Guide for Parents. [Book Review]

Sung, Dawn; Schlechter, Alan
ISI:000367121500014
ISSN: 1527-5418
CID: 1909322