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Chondromyxoid fibroma of the head with unusual calcifications. Report of two cases [Meeting Abstract]

Wang, B; Morris, L; Rihani, J; Lebowitz, R; Yuan, S; Steiner, G
ISSN: 0945-6317
CID: 102309

Cortico-medullary continuity in bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation mimicking osteochondroma on imaging [Case Report]

Rybak, Leon D; Abramovici, Luigia; Kenan, Samuel; Posner, Martin A; Bonar, Fiona; Steiner, German C
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), or Nora's lesion, is an unusual surface-based lesion of bone found most commonly in the hands and feet. In the original description of the lesion and in all publications that followed, one of the key imaging characteristics used to define this entity was the lack of cortico-medullary continuity with the underlying bone. The authors present 4 unique cases of pathologically proven BPOP in which cortico-medullary continuity with the underlying bone was demonstrated on imaging. It is believed that florid reactive periostitis, BPOP and turret osteochondroma may reflect points along the same continuum with trauma the likely inciting event. The authors suggest that, given this continuum, it may be possible to have BPOP lesions demonstrating overlapping imaging features with osteochondroma. If this is the case, strict adherence to the standard imaging criterion of lack of continuity between the lesion and the underlying bone may lead to misdiagnosis of these unusual cases of BPOP as osteochondromas
PMID: 17437102
ISSN: 0364-2348
CID: 78630

Epidermal growth factor receptor in osteosarcoma: expression and mutational analysis

Wen, Yong Hannah; Koeppen, Hartmut; Garcia, Roberto; Chiriboga, Luis; Tarlow, Branden D; Peters, Brock A; Eigenbrot, Charles; Yee, Herman; Steiner, German; Greco, M Alba
Activation of intracellular mitogenic signal transduction pathways driven by the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases has been implicated in the development and/or progression of a variety of cancers. Studies on ErbB receptors in osteosarcoma have focused on HER-2 and have produced conflicting results with few studies evaluating the expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). In this study, we determined the level of expression of EGFR and the mutational status of the EGFR receptor in a subset of osteosarcoma tumor samples as well as in a series of established bone tumor-derived cell lines. EGFR protein expression was detected in the form of strong membranous staining by immunohistochemistry in 21 (57%) of 37 cases analyzed. Six of 12 (50%) osteosarcoma cell lines revealed moderate to high expression levels of EGFR. Two somatic alterations (E829E and R831C) were identified in the cytoplasmic domain of the EGFR gene in 1 of 10 tumor samples. The significance of these findings for the pathobiology of osteosarcomas will be investigated further
PMID: 17509661
ISSN: 0046-8177
CID: 73856

Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor disease): a rare developmental disorder of bone mimicking osteochondroma of long bones [Case Report]

Glick, Rachel; Khaldi, Lubna; Ptaszynski, Konrad; Steiner, German C
Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) is a rare developmental disorder of childhood and is characterized by asymmetric enlargement of the epiphyseal cartilage of the long bones. After 4 to 5 years of age, the lesions histologically resemble osteochondroma. To our knowledge, only one publication of this entity is available in an English pathology journal. The clinical, radiographic, and histologic features of 9 cases of DEH were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' age ranged from 3 to 15 years with single or multiple lesions of the femur, fibula, tibia, and talus. The etiology and pathogenesis of DEH are not known. Its origin and evolution has initially apparent similarities to the development and growth of epiphyseal secondary ossification centers. DEH can be differentiated from osteochondroma of long bones using clinical, radiologic, and pathologic parameters. DEH occurs in young children and adolescents manifesting as lesions that arise particularly from the epiphysis of the lower extremities and tarsus. Osteochondroma, in contrast, occurs most frequently between 10 and 30 years of age and originates from the metaphysis of long bones. Although the DEH cartilage resembles osteochondroma, there are several significant histologic differences. During infancy, lesions of DEH histologically reveal osteocartilaginous nodules that resemble secondary ossification centers. Usually after 4 to 5 years of age they develop into osteochondroma-like lesions. Although all cases of DEH contain small areas of calcified cartilage beneath the cartilage cap, a significant percentage of osteochondromas show large amounts. The nodules and cartilage cap of DEH contain bands of cartilage separating areas of cancellous bone; these bands are not present in osteochondroma. Among the other distinguishable features, recent molecular studies of DEH demonstrated normal expression levels of EXT1 and EXT2 genes, comparable to that of normal growth plate. Osteochondroma, in contrast, has low levels of EXT1 and EXT2 gene expression due to gene mutation. The histologic differences in combination with the distinct clinical and radiographic features should enable a pathologist to differentiate these entities
PMID: 17490719
ISSN: 0046-8177
CID: 73867

Bilateral THA in a patient with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia [Case Report]

Lazar, Meredith A; Levine, Brett R; Steiner, German; Jaffe, William L
PMID: 17539216
ISSN: 0147-7447
CID: 73114

Dedifferentiated high-grade osteosarcoma originating from low-grade central osteosarcoma of the fibula [Case Report]

Kenan, Samuel; Ginat, Daniel T; Steiner, German C
Low grade central osteosarcoma is a distinct, rare low grade malignant neoplasm characterized histologically by a spindle cell proliferation associated with trabecular bone formation. This tumor usually carries a good prognosis. However, it has the potential to recur, dedifferentiate, and metastasize subsequent to surgical treatment. In extremely rare occasions, LGCOS presents with areas of dedifferentiation upon initial patient evaluation. In this report we describe one such case affecting the fibula of a 39-year-old female, presenting with pain. Initial biopsy demonstrated a high-grade osteosarcoma. No areas of LGCOS were seen histologically. Following biopsy the patient received 3 months of chemotherapy at a different institution. However, the patient continued to exhibit symptoms. X-rays indicated a very aggressive tumor in the diaphysis of the proximal fibula, MRI revealed soft tissue involvement. The tumor and surrounding soft-tissues were excised en bloc at our institution. Microscopically, the lesion consisted of high-grade osteosarcoma as well as an underlying LGCOS that involved the cortex and medullary cavity of the fibula. The two histological components of the tumor were sharply delineated from one another. No chemotherapy effect was appreciated histologically or clinically. Eight months following the surgery, the patient died from lung metastases. This is the third documented case of dedifferentiated LGCOS at initial presentation. This case reveals that the low-grade component was also evident on preoperative radiographs
PMID: 16816966
ISSN: 0364-2348
CID: 73230

Malignant tumors of the hand and wrist

Plate, Ann-Marie; Steiner, German; Posner, Martin A
Malignant tumors in the hand and wrist compose a wide variety of lesions involving skin, soft tissues, and bone. Although these lesions are found elsewhere in the body, many have unique characteristics at this anatomic location. Skin tumors predominate; the most common are squamous cell carcinomas, followed in frequency by basal cell carcinomas and malignant melanomas. Other soft-tissue malignancies are less common but may present more difficult diagnostic problems. They often appear as painless masses that sometimes have been present for months or even years and deceptively appear to be benign. A missed or delayed diagnosis of these tumors can have devastating consequences. Bone malignancies involve both primary lesions, of which chondrosarcomas are the most common, and metastatic lesions. Regardless of cell type, treatment of malignant tumors in the hand and wrist requires special considerations because of the important function of these structures. Orthopaedic surgeons should be familiar with the spectrum of these tumors, the work-up necessary to arrive at a precise diagnosis, and the treatment that will achieve the most favorable outcome
PMID: 17077340
ISSN: 1067-151x
CID: 70027

Ultrastructure of low-grade intraosseous osteosarcoma of bone: a comparative study with fibrous dysplasia and parosteal osteosarcoma

Steiner, German C; Forest, Michael; Vacher-Lavenu, Marie C
The ultrastructure of low-grade intraosseous osteosarcoma (LGOS) is not well documented in the literature. Four cases of LGOS are described with an emphasis on its distinguishing characteristics as well those it shares with other lesions. The predominant cells of LGOS are fibroblasts with well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum and mild focal immunoreactivity to SMA and MSA. Few osteoblasts and myofibroblasts are present. Transition cells between fibroblasts and osteoblasts are also noted. The fibroblasts are closely related to osteoblasts from a histological and functional point of view, and phenotypically are probably modified osteoblasts. Comparative ultrastructural studies between LGOS and fibrous dysplasia (FD) reveal basic similarities, although the cells in LGOS are larger with more of an abundance of organelles. Therefore, accurate differentiation between these two lesions rests at the histological and radiological levels. LGOS and parosteal osteosarcomas (PO) also share similar ultrastructural features. In the case samples in this study, an unusual type of multilayered amorphous material was found in the osteoid matrix of a case of LGOS and one of PO. This probably emphasizes the morphologic similarities between these 2 tumors
PMID: 16971354
ISSN: 1521-0758
CID: 68786

Osteoarticular allograft of the proximal humerus--histopathological study 18 years after implantation [Case Report]

Ginat, Daniel T; Kenan, Samuel; Steiner, German C
PMID: 16470455
ISSN: 1745-3674
CID: 62611

Well-differentiated extraosseous chondrosarcoma of the foot with pulmonary metastases [Case Report]

Khaldi, Lubna; Kenan, Samuel; Steiner, German C
We report a case of a 38-year-old man with a well-differentiated extraosseous chondrosarcoma of the foot. This case is unusual because the tumor originated in the soft tissues of the foot and developed pulmonary metastases. It is also interesting to note that at the time of recurrence 8 years later, the lesion invaded the third metatarsophalangeal joint and adjacent bones. Well-differentiated chondrosarcoma resembling hyaline cartilage, primary in soft tissue, is a rare histological type, and only a few cases have been reported in the foot. The patient is alive and well 4.5 years after resection of the foot tumor and partial resection of the lung metastases
PMID: 16084955
ISSN: 0046-8177
CID: 58067