Try a new search

Format these results:

Searched for:



Total Results:


Endovascular aortounifemoral grafts and femorofemoral bypass for bilateral limb-threatening ischemia

Ohki, T; Marin, M L; Veith, F J; Lyon, R T; Sanchez, L A; Suggs, W D; Yuan, J G; Wain, R A; Parsons, R E; Patel, A; Rivers, S P; Cynamon, J; Bakal, C W
PURPOSE: Although axillobifemoral bypass procedures have a lower mortality rate than aortobifemoral bypass procedures, they are limited by decreased patency, moderate hemodynamic improvement, and the need for general anesthesia. This report describes an alternative approach to bilateral aortoiliac occlusive disease using unilateral endovascular aortofemoral bypass procedures in combination with standard femorofemoral reconstructions. METHODS: Seven patients who had bilateral critical ischemia and tissue necrosis in association with severe comorbid medical illnesses underwent implantation of unilateral aortofemoral endovascular grafts, which were inserted into predilated, recanalized iliac arteries. The proximal end of the endovascular graft was fixed to the distal aorta or common iliac artery with a Palmaz stent. The distal end of the graft was suture-anastomosed to the ipsilateral patent outflow vessel, and a femorofemoral bypass procedure was then performed. RESULTS: All endovascular grafts were successfully inserted through five occluded and two diffusely stenotic iliac arteries under either local (1), epidural (5), or general anesthesia (1). The mean thigh pulse volume recording amplitudes increased from 9 +/- 3 mm to 30 +/- 7 mm and from 6 +/- 2 mm to 26 +/- 4 mm ipsilateral and contralateral to the aortofemoral graft insertion, respectively. In all cases the symptoms completely resolved. Procedural complications were limited to one local wound hematoma. No graft thromboses occurred during follow-up to 28 months (mean, 17 months). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular iliac grafts in combination with standard femorofemoral bypass grafts may be an effective alternative to axillobifemoral bypass in high-risk patients who have diffuse aortoiliac occlusive disease, particularly when bilateral axillary-subclavian disease is present
PMID: 8976352
ISSN: 0741-5214
CID: 79965

Effect of polytetrafluoroethylene covering of Palmaz stents on the development of intimal hyperplasia in human iliac arteries

Marin, M L; Veith, F J; Cynamon, J; Parsons, R E; Lyon, R T; Suggs, W D; Bakal, C W; Waahl, S; Sanchez, L A; Yuan, J G; Ohki, T
PURPOSE: The occurrence of neointimal hyperplasia within a stent may result in restenosis with recurrent symptoms of end-organ ischemia. This study evaluated the potential of a nonporous covering of a stent to function as a barrier to the formation of intrastent neointimal hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve endovascular stent grafts were used to treat 12 high-risk patients with limb-threatening ischemia secondary to long-segment iliac artery occlusion. A 6-mm, thin-walled polytetrafluoroethylene graft was inserted and anchored to the common iliac artery with use of Palmaz stents. Each stent was covered by graft material over one-half of its length. Control angiograms obtained immediately after graft insertion were compared with follow-up angiograms obtained between 4 and 6 months after the initial procedure. On each angiogram, the region of the stent was magnified by 20x to permit computerized luminal diameter measurements. RESULTS: The mean luminal diameter within the stent was significantly greater on the covered (7.7 mm +/- 0.33 standard deviation) compared with the uncovered (6.7 mm +/- 0.85 standard deviation) portions (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Partially covered stents are a unique model for assessing the effects of an extrinsic stent covering on arterial healing and myointimal hyperplasia. These data suggest that a relatively nonporous covering of polytetrafluoroethylene may inhibit stent-related restenosis in iliac arteries
PMID: 8897327
ISSN: 1051-0443
CID: 79962